How to format your references using the Journal of Community Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Community Health (J Community Health). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chemler, S. R. (2013). Chemistry. Copper’s contribution to amination catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6146), 624–626.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurao, N. P., & Suwas, S. (2014). Generalized scaling of misorientation angle distributions at meso-scale in deformed materials. Scientific reports, 4, 5641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soung, Y. H., Pruitt, K., & Chung, J. (2014). Epigenetic silencing of ARRDC3 expression in basal-like breast cancer cells. Scientific reports, 4, 3846.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, X., Hu, C., Bai, H., Yan, Y., Li, J., Yang, H., … Xi, G. (2013). Construction of self-supported three-dimensional TiO2 sheeted networks with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Scientific reports, 3, 3563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labadie, N., Prins, C., & Prodhon, C. (2016). Metaheuristics for Vehicle Routing Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Selin, H. (Ed.). (2016). Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Staniškis, J. K., Kruopiene, J., & Dvarioniene, J. (2012). REACH Regulation – A Prerequisite for Health and Environmental Safety: Lithuanian Case. In K. Vitale (Ed.), Environmental and Food Safety and Security for South-East Europe and Ukraine (pp. 45–58). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Community Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 17). Here’s What London’s Underground System Actually Looks Like. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Assessment of the Explanation That Immigration and Customs Enforcement Provided for Its Subsequent Transfer from the Spectrum Relocation Fund (No. GAO-08-846R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, M. S. (2017). Integrating Emergency Medical Services Into the Patient-Centered Medical Home (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, June 1). Another Failed Festival Puts Industry on Edge. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Community Health
AbbreviationJ. Community Health
ISSN (print)0094-5145
ISSN (online)1573-3610
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles