How to format your references using the Journal of Coastal Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Coastal Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Capone DG (2006) Microbiology. Ramping up the heat on nitrogenase. Science 314:1691–1692
A journal article with 2 authors
Sivanand S, Wellen KE (2015) Molecular biology: Salvaging the genome. Nature 524:40–41
A journal article with 3 authors
Bergmann DC, Lukowitz W, Somerville CR (2004) Stomatal development and pattern controlled by a MAPKK kinase. Science 304:1494–1497
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Soldatov AV, Roth G, Dzyabchenko A, et al (2001) Topochemical polymerization of C70 controlled by monomer crystal packing. Science 293:680–683

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abner DJ (2010) The ETF Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Liukkunen U, Chen Y (eds) (2016) Fundamental Labour Rights in China - Legal Implementation and Cultural Logic, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Scattolin N, Zanolla S, Rodà A, Canazza S (2013) SoundingARM Assisted Representation of a Map. In: Bosse T, Cook DJ, Neerincx M, Sadri F (eds) Human Aspects in Ambient Intelligence: Contemporary Challenges and Solutions. Atlantis Press, Paris, pp 73–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Coastal Conservation.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Ion Engine Breakthrough Could Take Us To Mars At A Fraction Of The Fuel. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Small Businesses Are More Active as Inventors Than as Innovators in the Innovation Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederick K (2009) Wool and Water. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Theater; Three Sisters, Lots of Kvetching. New York Times AR3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Capone 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Capone 2006; Sivanand and Wellen 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sivanand and Wellen 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Soldatov et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Coastal Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Coast. Conserv.
ISSN (print)1400-0350
ISSN (online)1874-7841
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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