How to format your references using the Journal of Coastal Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Coastal Conservation (J Coast Conserv). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rietbrock A (2007) Geophysics. Listening to the crackle of subducting oceanic plates. Science 316:1439–1440
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones JM, Widmann M (2004) Atmospheric science: early peak in Antarctic oscillation index. Nature 432:290–291
A journal article with 3 authors
Zorzi M, Priftis K, Umiltà C (2002) Brain damage: neglect disrupts the mental number line. Nature 417:138–139
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bischofberger I, Calzolari DCE, De Los Rios P, et al (2014) Hydrophobic hydration of poly-N-isopropyl acrylamide: a matter of the mean energetic state of water. Sci Rep 4:4377

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Decreusefond L, Moyal P (2012) Stochastic Modeling and Analysis of Telecom Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Agarwal A, Gupta S, Sharma R (eds) (2016) Andrological Evaluation of Male Infertility: A Laboratory Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Copie A, Fortiş T-F, Munteanu VI (2013) Data Security Perspectives in the Framework of Cloud Governance. In: Caragiannis I, Alexander M, Badia RM, et al. (eds) Euro-Par 2012: Parallel Processing Workshops: BDMC, CGWS, HeteroPar, HiBB, OMHI, Paraphrase, PROPER, Resilience, UCHPC, VHPC, Rhodes Islands, Greece, August 27-31, 2012. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 24–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Coastal Conservation.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) A Female Mouse Only Smells Males When She’s Ready to Mate. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Freight Railroad Regulation: Surface Transportation Board’s Oversight Could Benefit From Evidence Better Identifying How Mergers Affect Rates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liburd-Shaddai JL (2012) The experiences of remedial instructors at one urban community college: A case study. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stevenson A, Goldstein M (2016) Renting to Own a Tainted Home. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stafford 2007).
This sentence cites two references (DeLong 2007; Fox 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones and Widmann 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Coastal Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Coast. Conserv.
ISSN (print)1400-0350
ISSN (online)1874-7841
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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