How to format your references using the Journal of Coastal Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Coastal Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edery I (2010) Circadian rhythms. Temperatures to communicate by. Science 330:329–330
A journal article with 2 authors
Suster ML, Bate M (2002) Embryonic assembly of a central pattern generator without sensory input. Nature 416:174–178
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailor MH, Sun X, Al-Hashimi HM (2010) Topology links RNA secondary structure with global conformation, dynamics, and adaptation. Science 327:202–206
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Denver DR, Morris K, Lynch M, Thomas WK (2004) High mutation rate and predominance of insertions in the Caenorhabditis elegans nuclear genome. Nature 430:679–682

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Panek W, Wentworth T (2010) Mastering Microsoft® Windows® 7 Administration. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Gillies RM, Ashman AF, Terwel J (eds) (2008) The Teacher’s Role in Implementing Cooperative Learning in the Classroom. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Dangol V, Yagi H, Higaki D (2013) Bhedetar Landslide, Eastern Nepal: Aftermath of the Sikkim Earthquake (18th September 2011). In: Ugai K, Yagi H, Wakai A (eds) Earthquake-Induced Landslides: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Earthquake-Induced Landslides, Kiryu, Japan, 2012. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Coastal Conservation.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Antarctic Research Station Has To Ski 23 Kilometers Away To Escape Vast Ice Crack. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Department of Education’s Federal Direct Loan Program: Status of Recommendations to Improve Cost Estimates and Presentation of Updated Cash Flow Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caldretti M (2017) Vocal Pedagogy and the Adolescent Female Singing Voice. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2015) Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times C29

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edery 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Suster and Bate 2002; Edery 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Suster and Bate 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Denver et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Coastal Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Coast. Conserv.
ISSN (print)1400-0350
ISSN (online)1874-7841
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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