How to format your references using the Journal of Coastal Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Coastal Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sloan ED Jr (2003) Fundamental principles and applications of natural gas hydrates. Nature 426:353–363
A journal article with 2 authors
Mumford D, Tate J (2015) Alexander Grothendieck (1928-2014). Nature 517:272
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang C, Yang Y-P, Duan Y-W (2014) Pollen sensitivity to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) suggests floral structure evolution in alpine plants. Sci Rep 4:4520
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fuerst PG, Koizumi A, Masland RH, Burgess RW (2008) Neurite arborization and mosaic spacing in the mouse retina require DSCAM. Nature 451:470–474

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghiani G, Laporte G, Musmanno R (2013) Introduction to Logistics Systems Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Marra D (2016) Models for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems: Exploitation of Models Hierarchy for Industrial Design of Control and Diagnosis Strategies, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Platoš J, Gajdoš P, Krömer P, Snášel V (2010) Non-negative Matrix Factorization on GPU. In: Zavoral F, Yaghob J, Pichappan P, El-Qawasmeh E (eds) Networked Digital Technologies: Second International Conference, NDT 2010, Prague, Czech Republic, July 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 21–30

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Coastal Conservation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How Weaponising The Body’s Immune System Can Deliver A Cure For Cancer. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) Corps of Engineers: Extent and Status of Expedited Permit Processing for Public-Utility Companies, Natural Gas Companies, and Railroad Carriers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckowski M (2009) A Wave of Navy Blue Churning. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2002) A Rowdy Club Closes, and the Sleepless Rest Easy. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sloan 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Sloan 2003; Mumford and Tate 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mumford and Tate 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Fuerst et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Coastal Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Coast. Conserv.
ISSN (print)1400-0350
ISSN (online)1874-7841
ScopeOceanography
Ecology
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles