How to format your references using the Journal of Coastal Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Coastal Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C (2003) The silent treatment. Nature 422:342
A journal article with 2 authors
Atkins JF, Gesteland RF (2001) mRNA readout at 40. Nature 414:693
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins FS, Gray GM, Bucher JR (2008) Toxicology. Transforming environmental health protection. Science 319:906–907
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Parker JG, Marshall JD, Ahanonu B, et al (2018) Diametric neural ensemble dynamics in parkinsonian and dyskinetic states. Nature 557:177–182

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duchon C, Hale R (2012) Time Series Analysis in Meteorology and Climatology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Karniel A (2011) Managing the Dynamics of New Product Development Processes: A New Product Lifecycle Management Paradigm. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Lauriks S, Reinersmann A, van der Roest HG, et al (2010) Review of ICT-Based Services for Identified Unmet Needs in People with Dementia. In: Mulvenna MD, Nugent CD (eds) Supporting People with Dementia Using Pervasive Health Technologies. Springer, London, pp 37–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Coastal Conservation.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) People Shout “Aliens!” After Mistaking An Image Of The Sun For A UFO. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/people-shout-aliens-after-mistaking-an-image-of-the-sun-for-a-ufo/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Magnet Schools: Information on the Grant Award Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pierce ZD (2016) The relationship between nursing instructors’ transformational leadership behaviors in the clinical learning environment and associate degree nursing students’ communication apprehension. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ratliff B (2016) An Online Record Shop for the Faster, Punker Set. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Atkins and Gesteland 2001; Smith 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atkins and Gesteland 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Parker et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Coastal Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Coast. Conserv.
ISSN (print)1400-0350
ISSN (online)1874-7841
ScopeOceanography
Ecology
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles