How to format your references using the Journal of Coastal Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Coastal Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fröbisch J (2011) Paleontology. On dental occlusion and saber teeth. Science 331:1525–1528
A journal article with 2 authors
Humler E, Besse J (2002) A correlation between mid-ocean-ridge basalt chemistry and distance to continents. Nature 419:607–609
A journal article with 3 authors
Poolman B, Geertsma ER, Slotboom D-J (2007) Biochemistry. A missing link in membrane protein evolution. Science 315:1229–1231
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Milde S, Fox AN, Freeman MR, Coleman MP (2013) Deletions within its subcellular targeting domain enhance the axon protective capacity of Nmnat2 in vivo. Sci Rep 3:2567

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyr H, Moeneclaey M, Fechtel SA (2001) Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA
An edited book
Koh DM, Thoeny HC (eds) (2010) Diffusion-Weighted MR Imaging. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Neema M, Dandamudi VSR, Arora A, et al (2007) T1 Black Holes and Gray Matter Damage. In: Filippi M, Rovaris M, Comi G (eds) Neurodegeneration in Multiple Sclerosis. Springer, Milano, pp 37–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Coastal Conservation.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) How That Asteroid Killed The Dinosaurs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Issues Related to FAA’s Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solorzano E (2014) A mindfulness-based psycho-educational group for caregivers of older adults: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E (1993) PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times 1317

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fröbisch 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Humler and Besse 2002; Fröbisch 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Humler and Besse 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Milde et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Coastal Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Coast. Conserv.
ISSN (print)1400-0350
ISSN (online)1874-7841
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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