How to format your references using the Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirschner, M. (2008). Profile: Bruce Alberts, Science’s new editor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5867), 1199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clapier, C. R., & Cairns, B. R. (2012). Regulation of ISWI involves inhibitory modules antagonized by nucleosomal epitopes. Nature, 492(7428), 280–284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grantab, R., Shenoy, V. B., & Ruoff, R. S. (2010). Anomalous strength characteristics of tilt grain boundaries in graphene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6006), 946–948.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gadjourova, Z., Andreev, Y. G., Tunstall, D. P., & Bruce, P. G. (2001). Ionic conductivity in crystalline polymer electrolytes. Nature, 412(6846), 520–523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eynon, J. (2013). The Design Manager’s Handbook. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ferrari, G. (Ed.). (2009). Sensor Networks: Where Theory Meets Practice. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmid, A.-F. (2012). Couturat’s Reception of Leibniz. In R. Krömer & Y. Chin-Drian (Eds.), New Essays on Leibniz Reception: In Science and Philosophy of Science 1800-2000 (pp. 65–83). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 15). Record-Breaking Astronauts Return To Earth – Taking Us One Step Closer To Mars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Information Technology: Challenges Remain for VA’s Sharing of Electronic Health Records with DOD (GAO-09-427T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarter, K. M. (2008). The effect of auditory stimulation on learners with different learning styles [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2017, October 9). Trauma, and Red Tape, in Las Vegas. New York Times, A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirschner, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Clapier & Cairns, 2012; Kirschner, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clapier & Cairns, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Grantab et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gadjourova et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Co-operative Organization and Management
ISSN (print)2213-297X

Other styles