How to format your references using the Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Church, G. (2005). Let us go forth and safely multiply. Nature, 438(7067), 423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Penninger, J. M., & Woodgett, J. (2001). Stem cells. PTEN--coupling tumor suppression to stem cells? Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5549), 2116–2118.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sevenster, D., Beckers, T., & Kindt, M. (2013). Prediction error governs pharmacologically induced amnesia for learned fear. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6121), 830–833.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Babic, A., Lindner, A. B., Vulic, M., Stewart, E. J., & Radman, M. (2008). Direct visualization of horizontal gene transfer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1533–1536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbaroux, P., Attour, A., & Schenk, E. (2016). Knowledge Management and Innovation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Asama, H., Kurokawa, H., Ota, J., & Sekiyama, K. (Eds.). (2009). Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 8. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Debois, S., Hildebrandt, T., & Slaats, T. (2015). Concurrency and Asynchrony in Declarative Workflows. In H. R. Motahari-Nezhad, J. Recker, & M. Weidlich (Eds.), Business Process Management: 13th International Conference, BPM 2015, Innsbruck, Austria, August 31 -- September 3, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 72–89). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 23). The Forecast Calls For Spiders. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Disadvantaged Students: Fiscal Oversight of Title I Could Be Improved (GAO-03-377). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ackerman, G. L. (2009). Information technology in the K–12 classroom: Curriculum and instruction reflecting emerging capacity and paradigms [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, J. (2016, November 18). University Presses. New York Times, BR35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Church, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Church, 2005; Penninger & Woodgett, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Penninger & Woodgett, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Sevenster et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Babic et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Co-operative Organization and Management
ISSN (print)2213-297X

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