How to format your references using the Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beltrami, H. (2002). Paleoclimate. Earth’s long-term memory. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 206–207.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, J., & Yang, W. (2012). Water management. Water sustainability for China and beyond. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6095), 649–650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Inaba, M., Yamanaka, H., & Kondo, S. (2012). Pigment pattern formation by contact-dependent depolarization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6069), 677.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shalizi, A., Gaudillière, B., Yuan, Z., Stegmüller, J., Shirogane, T., Ge, Q., … Bonni, A. (2006). A calcium-regulated MEF2 sumoylation switch controls postsynaptic differentiation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5763), 1012–1017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pruitt, G. (2016). The Ultimate Algorithmic Trading System Toolbox + Website. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Davis, J., & Ramon, J. (Eds.). (2015). Inductive Logic Programming: 24th International Conference, ILP 2014, Nancy, France, September 14-16, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 9046). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Powell, A. B., Borge, I. C., Fioriti, G. I., Kondratieva, M., Koublanova, E., & Sukthankar, N. (2009). Challenging Tasks and Mathematics Learning. In P. J. Taylor & E. J. Barbeau (Eds.), Challenging Mathematics In and Beyond the Classroom: The 16th ICMI Study (pp. 133–170). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, September 20). 5 Worlds Elon Musk Could Colonize In The Solar System. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Federal-Aid Highway Program: Impact of the District of Columbia Emergency Highway Relief Act (No. RCED-97-162). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, J. O. (2011). Women’s social networking: Steps that organize low-technology users with emergency needs (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2011, November 13). Writer’s Body Is Weaker, But Voice Remains Strong. New York Times, p. A29B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beltrami, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Beltrami, 2002; Liu & Yang, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Yang, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Inaba, Yamanaka, & Kondo, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shalizi et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Co-operative Organization and Management
ISSN (print)2213-297X

Other styles