How to format your references using the Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Radman, M. (2001). Fidelity and infidelity. Nature, 413(6852), 115.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianco, P. R., & Kowalczykowski, S. C. (2000). Translocation step size and mechanism of the RecBC DNA helicase. Nature, 405(6784), 368–372.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gil, S., Kott, A., & Barabási, A.-L. (2014). A genetic epidemiology approach to cyber-security. Scientific Reports, 4, 5659.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cramwinckel, M. J., Huber, M., Kocken, I. J., Agnini, C., Bijl, P. K., Bohaty, S. M., Frieling, J., Goldner, A., Hilgen, F. J., Kip, E. L., Peterse, F., van der Ploeg, R., Röhl, U., Schouten, S., & Sluijs, A. (2018). Synchronous tropical and polar temperature evolution in the Eocene. Nature, 559(7714), 382–386.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn, G. J., & Doganaksoy, N. (2011). A Career in Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Palma, J. M. L. M., & Lopes, A. S. (Eds.). (2007). Advances in Turbulence XI: Proceedings of the 11th EUROMECH European Turbulance Conference, June 25-28, 2007 Porto, Portugal (Vol. 117). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Saguna, Zaslavsky, A., & Chakraborty, D. (2010). CrysP: Multi-Faceted Activity-Infused Presence in Emerging Social Networks. In S. Balandin, R. Dunaytsev, & Y. Koucheryavy (Eds.), Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking: Third Conference on Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2010, and 10th International Conference, NEW2AN 2010, St. Petersburg, Russia, August 23-25, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 50–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 26). Birds Adapting to Chernobyl’s Radiation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980 Set the Stage for Uniform Patent Practice by Federal Agencies (PAD-82-32). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddirala, R. R. (2010). Secure file transfers using mobile device [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, June 29). A Flat First Day For Blue Apron. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Radman, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bianco & Kowalczykowski, 2000; Radman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bianco & Kowalczykowski, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Gil et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cramwinckel et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Co-operative Organization and Management
ISSN (print)2213-297X

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