How to format your references using the Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watzman, H. (2000). Israel debates raising commitment to CERN. European Laboratory for Particle Physics. Nature, 405(6783), 109.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hannon, G. J., & Rossi, J. J. (2004). Unlocking the potential of the human genome with RNA interference. Nature, 431(7006), 371–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Syntichaki, P., Troulinaki, K., & Tavernarakis, N. (2007). eIF4E function in somatic cells modulates ageing in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature, 445(7130), 922–926.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Elser, J. J., Andersen, T., Baron, J. S., Bergström, A.-K., Jansson, M., Kyle, M., Nydick, K. R., Steger, L., & Hessen, D. O. (2009). Shifts in lake N:P stoichiometry and nutrient limitation driven by atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5954), 835–837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tavakoli, J. M. (2008). Structured Finance and Collateralized Debt Obligations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Boehncke, W.-H., & Radeke, H. H. (Eds.). (2007). Biologics in General Medicine. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bendaoud, M., & Sarih, M. (2014). Additive Maps Preserving the Inner Local Spectral Radius. In M. Cepedello Boiso, H. Hedenmalm, M. A. Kaashoek, A. Montes Rodríguez, & S. Treil (Eds.), Concrete Operators, Spectral Theory, Operators in Harmonic Analysis and Approximation: 22nd International Workshop in Operator Theory and its Applications, Sevilla, July 2011 (pp. 95–102). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 13). Small Glitches, But Rosetta Comet Mission Is Achieving Major Scientific Goals. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Amtrak: Management and Accountability Issues Contribute to Unprofitability of Food and Beverage Service (GAO-05-761T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nakayama, M. (2017). Educational Advocacy for Children in Foster Care: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, May 7). The Russian Revolution, Without Fiction. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watzman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hannon & Rossi, 2004; Watzman, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hannon & Rossi, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Syntichaki et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Elser et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Co-operative Organization and Management
ISSN (print)2213-297X

Other styles