How to format your references using the Journal of Cloud Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cloud Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham S (2003) Bioinformatics: programmed for success. Nature 425:209–215
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmitt JH, Wichmann R (2001) Ground-based observation of emission lines from the corona of a red-dwarf star. Nature 412:508–510
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai J, Virovets AV, Scheer M (2003) Synthesis of inorganic fullerene-like molecules. Science 300:781–783
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pinkston JM, Garigan D, Hansen M, Kenyon C (2006) Mutations that increase the life span of C. elegans inhibit tumor growth. Science 313:971–975

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wu Z (2007) Software VNA and Microwave Network Design and Characterisation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Freeman K, Elmegreen B, Block D, Woolway M (2015) Lessons from the Local Group: A Conference in honour of David Block and Bruce Elmegreen. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Catalano C, Napoli A, Marincola BC (2012) Sindromi aortiche acute e patologia traumatica. In: Napoli A, Marincola BC (eds) L’angio-TC dell’aorta. Springer, Milano, pp 11–20

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cloud Computing.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Caused Those Spectacular Northern Lights – And How You Can Catch Them Next Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Math and Science Education: Comprehensive Information About Federally Funded Materials Not Available. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cope JA (2015) Coastal squeeze of vegetation zones in the Los Cerritos Wetlands: The effect of sea level rise. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz J, Pérez-Peña R, Healy J (2017) Deluged and Weary, Texas Braces for Years of Recovery. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cloud Computing
ISSN (online)2192-113X

Other styles