How to format your references using the Journal of Cloud Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cloud Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MacDonald HR (2002) Immunology. T before NK. Science 296:481–482
A journal article with 2 authors
Saunders MA, Lea AS (2005) Seasonal prediction of hurricane activity reaching the coast of the United States. Nature 434:1005–1008
A journal article with 3 authors
Soung YH, Pruitt K, Chung J (2014) Epigenetic silencing of ARRDC3 expression in basal-like breast cancer cells. Sci Rep 4:3846
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jansen R, Yu H, Greenbaum D, et al (2003) A Bayesian networks approach for predicting protein-protein interactions from genomic data. Science 302:449–453

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colin A (2005) Fixed Income Attribution. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Monnier P (2011) Pediatric Airway Surgery: Management of Laryngotracheal Stenosis in Infants and Children. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
e Castro IV, Fareleira P, Ferreira E (2016) Nitrogen Fixing Symbiosis in a Sustainable Agriculture. In: Hakeem KR, Akhtar MS, Abdullah SNA (eds) Plant, Soil and Microbes: Volume 1: Implications in Crop Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cloud Computing.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Cannabis, Cannabinoids and Cancer – The Evidence So Far. In: IFLScience.–-evidence-so-far/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to the Department of the Air Force’s Budget Request. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Picchini AM (2010) Neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus: Modulation of stem cell fate by experience. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) A Sprint and Leap Into the Unknown. New York Times F15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cloud Computing
ISSN (online)2192-113X

Other styles