How to format your references using the Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Selling your skills. Nature. 2004;427:570.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Orsini A, Falconi C. Real-time monitoring of the solution growth of ZnO nanorods arrays by quartz microbalances and in-situ temperature sensors. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6285.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Baldwin MP, Dameris M, Shepherd TG. Atmosphere. How will the stratosphere affect climate change? Science. 2007;316:1576–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Staniewicz L, Vaudey T, Degrandcourt C, Couty M, Gaboriaud F, Midgley P. Electron tomography provides a direct link between the Payne effect and the inter-particle spacing of rubber composites. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7389.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Miller RE. Optimization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1999.
An edited book
1. Králová-Hromadová I. The Giant Liver Fluke, Fascioloides magna: Past, Present and Future Research. 1st ed. 2016. Juhásová Ľ, Bazsalovicsová E, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gillispie CC, Pisano R. An Engineering Justification of Algebra and the Calculus. In: Pisano R, editor. Lazare and Sadi Carnot: A Scientific and Filial Relationship. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 107–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Earliest Evidence of Man-Made Pollution Found in Tartar on 400,000-Year-Old Teeth [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Must Reconsider Operations Pricing Policy To Compensate for Cost Growth on the Space Transportation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Feb. Report No.: MASAD-82-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dinneny PN. End of August [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kramer AE. Remembering Slain Critic of Putin, Tens of Thousands March in Moscow. New York Times. 2015 Mar 2;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences
ISSN (print)1868-6974
ISSN (online)1868-6982

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