How to format your references using the Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. von Heijne G. Microbiology. Translocation of anthrax toxin: lord of the rings. Science. 2005;309:709–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hughes S, Gurung S. Exploring the boundary between a siphon and barometer in a hypobaric chamber. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4741.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hu S, Shima T, Hou Z. Carbon-carbon bond cleavage and rearrangement of benzene by a trinuclear titanium hydride. Nature. 2014;512:413–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Janes KA, Albeck JG, Gaudet S, Sorger PK, Lauffenburger DA, Yaffe MB. A systems model of signaling identifies a molecular basis set for cytokine-induced apoptosis. Science. 2005;310:1646–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dudbridge M. Handbook of Seal Integrity in the Food Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Gaol FL, editor. Recent Progress in Data Engineering and Internet Technology: Volume 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Altizer TJJ. To Lissa McCullough (June 13, 1997). In: Grimshaw M, editor. This Silence Must Now Speak: Letters of Thomas J J Altizer, 1995–2015. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. p. 19–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The Best Medical Images Of The Year: A Mesmerising Nano-World Where Science Becomes Art [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/best-medical-images-year-mesmerising-nano-world-where-science-becomes-art/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. School Lunch: Implementing Nutrition Changes Was Challenging and Clarification of Oversight Requirements Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Jan. Report No.: GAO-14-104.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Irving AV. Occupational Stress and Law Enforcement Officer Significant Relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Codrea-Rado A. Pharrell Williams Kneels in Protest. New York Times. 2017 Sep 25;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences
ISSN (print)1868-6974
ISSN (online)1868-6982
Scope

Other styles