How to format your references using the Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences (J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Snow CE. Academic language and the challenge of reading for learning about science. Science. 2010;328:450–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Larson HJ, Ghinai I. Lessons from polio eradication. Nature. 2011;473:446–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hauser MD, Chomsky N, Fitch WT. The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve? Science. 2002;298:1569–79.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Aricescu AR, Siebold C, Choudhuri K, Chang VT, Lu W, Davis SJ, et al. Structure of a tyrosine phosphatase adhesive interaction reveals a spacer-clamp mechanism. Science. 2007;317:1217–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Eggert H, Kauschke W. Structural Bearings. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
1. Baumann CR, Bassetti CL, Scammell TE, editors. Narcolepsy: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Huang S. Computational Complexity. In: Dutta R, Kamal AE, Rouskas GN, editors. Traffic Grooming for Optical Networks: Foundations, Techniques, and Frontiers. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008. p. 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Germany Just Produced So Much Renewable Energy That It Had To Pay People To Use It [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/germany-just-produced-so-much-renewable-energy-it-had-pay-people-use-it/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Federal Agencies Need to Address Aging Legacy Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 May. Report No.: GAO-16-696T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ponti CM. The musical representation of Asian characters in the musicals of Richard Rodgers [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. de la MERCED MJ. Blue Apron, Fast-Growing Pioneer in Delivering Meal Kits, Files for Public Offering. New York Times. 2017 Jun 2;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences
ISSN (print)1868-6974
ISSN (online)1868-6982
Scope

Other styles