How to format your references using the Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Soker N. Astronomy. Nebulae around evolved stars. Science. 2007;315:1086–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stoltz DB, Whitfield JB. Virology. Making nice with viruses. Science. 2009;323:884–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Malmgren RD, Ottino JM, Nunes Amaral LA. The role of mentorship in protégé performance. Nature. 2010;465:622–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Self S, Blake S, Sharma K, Widdowson M, Sephton S. Sulfur and chlorine in late Cretaceous Deccan magmas and eruptive gas release. Science. 2008;319:1654–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Morris GL. Investing with the Trend. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Somasundaram I, editor. Stem Cell Therapy for Organ Failure. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hooft G ’T. BLACK HOLES AND THE INFORMATION PARADOX. In: Sidharth BG, Honsell F, de Angelis A, editors. Frontiers of Fundamental Physics: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium “Frontiers of Fundamental and Computational Physics”, Udine, Italy, 26–29 September 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 29–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Awesome Timelapse Shows You The Life Cycle Of A Butterfly [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/monarch-butterfly-larvae-finds-its-wings0/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Travel: Passenger Aircraft Services Annually Cost Taxpayers Millions More Than Commercial Airlines. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Aug. Report No.: GAO-05-818.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nguyen HM. Valuation effects and external adjustment [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Blanchard K. Let the Pill Go Free. New York Times. 2010 Jun 22;A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences
ISSN (print)1868-6974
ISSN (online)1868-6982
Scope

Other styles