How to format your references using the Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Corma A. Materials chemistry: Catalysts made thinner. Nature. 2009;461:182–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Häkkinen S, Rhines PB. Decline of subpolar North Atlantic circulation during the 1990s. Science. 2004;304:555–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bushey D, Tononi G, Cirelli C. Sleep and synaptic homeostasis: structural evidence in Drosophila. Science. 2011;332:1576–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kang W, Stormer HL, Pfeiffer LN, Baldwin KW, West KW. Tunnelling between the edges of two lateral quantum Hall systems. Nature. 2000;403:59–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Aubrey SB. The Profitable Hobby Farm. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Jacob SE. Practical Patch Testing and Chemical Allergens in Contact Dermatitis. Herro EM, editor. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Asatiani R. The Information Structure and Typological Peculiarities of the Georgian Passive Constructions. In: Bezhanishvili G, Löbner S, Marra V, Richter F, editors. Logic, Language, and Computation: 9th International Tbilisi Symposium on Logic, Language, and Computation, TbiLLC 2011, Kutaisi, Georgia, September 26-30, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 17–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Stunning New “Farewell To Pluto” Image Reminds Us How Awesome This World Is. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Evaluation of the Department of the Army’s Personnel and Cost Estimates for an Electronics Research and Development Command. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Nov. Report No.: LCD-76-465.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Boothe CS. The effects of prototype medium on the user’s overall perception of usability and ability to detect usability flaws [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Poniewozik J. The Ghost in the Machine May Be Your Soul. New York Times. 2016 Oct 20;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences
ISSN (print)1868-6974
ISSN (online)1868-6982
Scope

Other styles