How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel, J. M. (2012). Evolution. Suppression of sleep for mating. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6102), 1610–1611.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paerl, H. W., & Huisman, J. (2008). Climate. Blooms like it hot. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5872), 57–58.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Z.-Z., Zhang, F.-C., & Wang, Q.-H. (2014). Majorana modes in a topological insulator/s-wave superconductor heterostructure. Scientific reports, 4, 6363.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kollmann, M., Løvdok, L., Bartholomé, K., Timmer, J., & Sourjik, V. (2005). Design principles of a bacterial signalling network. Nature, 438(7067), 504–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, J. C., & Naeim, F. (2012). Basic Structural Dynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McCandless, D. W. (Ed.). (2009). Metabolic Encephalopathy. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Balteanu, A., Jossé, G., & Schubert, M. (2013). Mining Driving Preferences in Multi-cost Networks. In M. A. Nascimento, T. Sellis, R. Cheng, J. Sander, Y. Zheng, H.-P. Kriegel, et al. (Eds.), Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases: 13th International Symposium, SSTD 2013, Munich, Germany, August 21-23, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 74–91). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, February 3). Genetic Analysis Determines Age of Y-Chromosome ‘Adam.’ IFLScience. IFLScience.‘adam’/. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Independent Estimate of Total Annual Costs Associated With Government Owned and Used ADP Equipment (No. B-115369). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds, P. R. (2004). Midkine (MK) Regulates Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling During Hypoxia (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, March 26). A Contender Reaches a New High. New York Times, p. SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegel 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Paerl and Huisman 2008; Siegel 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paerl and Huisman 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kollmann et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Psychol. Med. Settings
ISSN (print)1068-9583
ISSN (online)1573-3572
ScopeClinical Psychology

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