How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pollard, T. D. (2011). Cell biology. Formin tip tracking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6013), 39–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Churchman, L. S., & Weissman, J. S. (2011). Nascent transcript sequencing visualizes transcription at nucleotide resolution. Nature, 469(7330), 368–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubi, Y., Meir, Y., & Avishai, Y. (2007). Nature of the superconductor-insulator transition in disordered superconductors. Nature, 449(7164), 876–880.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Monfils, M.-H., Cowansage, K. K., Klann, E., & LeDoux, J. E. (2009). Extinction-reconsolidation boundaries: key to persistent attenuation of fear memories. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5929), 951–955.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kobilinsky, L., Liotti, T. F., & Oeser-Sweat, J. (2004). DNA: Forensic and Legal Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Seruca, I., Cordeiro, J., Hammoudi, S., & Filipe, J. (Eds.). (2006). Enterprise Information Systems VI. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wille, R., & Drechsler, R. (2010). Exact Synthesis of Reversible Logic. In R. Drechsler (Ed.), Towards a Design Flow for Reversible Logic (pp. 57–91). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 30). Female Capuchin Picks her Nose – Using a Stick. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). ADP Systems: EEOC’s Charge Data System Contains Errors But System Satisfies Users (No. IMTEC-90-5). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vallaster, J. R. (2019). Recognizing and Supporting the Forgotten Poverty Frontier: Exploring Suburban School Poverty in Elementary Schools (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, July 6). Free Digital Comics Site Is Expanding in U.S. With Celebrity Help. New York Times, p. B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pollard 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Churchman and Weissman 2011; Pollard 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Churchman and Weissman 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Monfils et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Psychol. Med. Settings
ISSN (print)1068-9583
ISSN (online)1573-3572
ScopeClinical Psychology

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