How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodnow CC. Immunology. Discriminating microbe from self suffers a double toll. Science 2006;312:1606–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray N, Chouard T. Neurotechniques. Nature 2009;461:899.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakellariou D, Le Goff G, Jacquinot J-F. High-resolution, high-sensitivity NMR of nanolitre anisotropic samples by coil spinning. Nature 2007;447:694–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Song Q, Zhang N, Zhai H, Liu S, Gu Z, Wang K, et al. The combination of high Q factor and chirality in twin cavities and microcavity chain. Sci Rep 2014;4:6493.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Desmond KK. Ideas about Art. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Chinchuluun A, Pardalos PM, Enkhbat R, Tseveendorj I, editors. Optimization and Optimal Control: Theory and Applications. vol. 39. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Fredriksson O, Ljung L. Modern Enterprise Systems as Enablers of Agile Development. In: Song WW, Xu S, Wan C, Zhong Y, Wojtkowski W, Wojtkowski G, et al., editors. Information Systems Development: Asian Experiences, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. Astronomers Capture A Rare Wolf-Rayet Star Just Hours After It Dramatically Explodes. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Proprietary Schools: Improved Department of Education Oversight Needed to Help Ensure Only Eligible Students Receive Federal Student Aid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchison D. An Examination of Educational Equity: The Impact of Accountability and Finance Reform Policies. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Helping Stamp Collectors and the Postally Confused. New York Times 2000:148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0967-5868
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)

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