How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Wand AJ. Biophysics: Enzymes surf the heat wave. Nature 2015;517:149–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Des Marais DL, Rausher MD. Escape from adaptive conflict after duplication in an anthocyanin pathway gene. Nature 2008;454:762–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Grigoryan G, Reinke AW, Keating AE. Design of protein-interaction specificity gives selective bZIP-binding peptides. Nature 2009;458:859–64.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Taipale J, Cooper MK, Maiti T, Beachy PA. Patched acts catalytically to suppress the activity of Smoothened. Nature 2002;418:892–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Youssef HA. Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Gupta DK, Sandalio LM, editors. Metal Toxicity in Plants: Perception, Signaling and Remediation. First. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gong S, Barrie LA. The Distribution of Atmospheric Aerosols: Transport, Transformation and Removal. In: Levin Z, Cotton WR, editors. Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation: A Scientific Review, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009, p. 91–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Neuroscience.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Mount Everest May Have Suddenly Changed Height. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/mount-everest-suddenly-changed-height/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. ADP Modernization: IRS’ Tax System Redesign Progress and Plans for the Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lee CM. Principals’ Understanding of Teacher Evaluations Connected to the Colorado Student Assessment Program. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Goal for One Team Is Impossible Dream for the Other. New York Times 2011:SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0967-5868
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)
Neurology

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