How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Crocker JC. Materials science. Turning away from high symmetry. Science 2010;327:535–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Glaeser EL, Shleifer A. Retrospective. Gary Becker (1930-2014). Science 2014;344:1233.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hoerling MP, Hurrell JW, Xu T. Tropical origins for recent North Atlantic climate change. Science 2001;292:90–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gopal J, Hasan N, Manikandan M, Wu H-F. Bacterial toxicity/compatibility of platinum nanospheres, nanocuboids and nanoflowers. Sci Rep 2013;3:1260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Barron RF, Barron BR. Design for Thermal Stresses. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Cerf R. The Wulff Crystal in Ising and Percolation Models: Ecole d’Eté de Probabilités de Saint-Flour XXXIV - 2004. vol. 1878. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cambria E, Mazzocco T, Hussain A, Durrani T. Switching Between Different Ways to Think. In: Esposito A, Vinciarelli A, Vicsi K, Pelachaud C, Nijholt A, editors. Analysis of Verbal and Nonverbal Communication and Enactment. The Processing Issues: COST 2102 International Conference, Budapest, Hungary, September 7-10, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 56–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Neuroscience.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Study Finds Association Between Poverty And Brain Development During Childhood. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/study-finds-association-between-poverty-and-brain-development-during-childhood/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. ICBM Modernization: Rail Garrison Production Decision and Launch Car Acquisition Should Be Delayed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Melhorn SJ. The microstructure of food intake under conditions of high-fat diet, social stress and social subordination. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Support From Berlusconi. New York Times 2002:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0967-5868
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)
Neurology

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