How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brunham RC. IMMUNOLOGY. A Chlamydia vaccine on the horizon. Science. 2015;348:1322–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Colburn KA, Johnson PRS. Public health. Air pollution concerns not changed by S-PLUS flaw. Science. 2003;299:665–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Williams JR, Dicarlo L, Marcus CM. Quantum Hall effect in a gate-controlled p-n junction of graphene. Science. 2007;317:638–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bock JB, Matern HT, Peden AA, Scheller RH. A genomic perspective on membrane compartment organization. Nature. 2001;409:839–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Good PI. A Manager’s Guide to the Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Miller RL, Del Castillo CE, Mckee BA, editors. Remote Sensing of Coastal Aquatic Environments: Technologies, Techniques and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rashid F, Feng F, Rashid A. Community Perceptions of Ecological Disturbances Caused During Terrorists Invasion and Counter-Insurgency Operations in Swat, Pakistan. In: Oswald Spring Ú, Brauch HG, Serrano Oswald SE, Bennett J, editors. Regional Ecological Challenges for Peace in Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia Pacific. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 91–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Oldest Known Stone Tools Discovered In Kenya. IFLScience. 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Internal Revenue Service: Results of Review of IRS Spending for Business Systems Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Zhou Y. Resource Management in Wireless Networks: Queue Management and Scheduling in Mesh Networks and Multi-Access Control in Internetworking Systems. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Hotel Developer Recasts Himself As an Angel for Old Synagogues. New York Times. 2001;:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Bioinformatics
ISSN (print)2043-9113
Scope

Other styles