How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Aspinall W. A route to more tractable expert advice. Nature. 2010;463:294–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Raddick MJ, Szalay AS. SPORE series winner. The universe online. Science. 2010;329:1028–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Liu Q-S, Pu L, Poo M-M. Repeated cocaine exposure in vivo facilitates LTP induction in midbrain dopamine neurons. Nature. 2005;437:1027–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ourjoumtsev A, Tualle-Brouri R, Laurat J, Grangier P. Generating optical Schrödinger kittens for quantum information processing. Science. 2006;312:83–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chitty J, Raftery A. Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Spring N, Riley GF, editors. Passive and Active Measurement: 12th International Conference, PAM 2011, Atlanta, GA, USA, March 20-22, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. de Lima Costa C. Gender and Equivocation: Notes on Decolonial Feminist Translations. In: Harcourt W, editor. The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Development: Critical Engagements in Feminist Theory and Practice. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 48–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The Massive Waste Happening In Mosquito-Borne Disease Research. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/massive-waste-happening-mosquito-borne-disease-research/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Should the Bureau of Indian Affairs Continue To Provide Educational Services to Indian Children? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tucker MS. Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of in vitro selected artemisinin resistant Plasmodium falciparum. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. State Using Green Funds to Buy Parcel in Arrow Park. New York Times. 2007;:WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Bioinformatics
ISSN (print)2043-9113
Scope

Other styles