How to format your references using the Journal of Cleaner Production citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cleaner Production. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chien, K.R., 2008. Regenerative medicine and human models of human disease. Nature 453, 302–305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miyamichi, K., Luo, L., 2009. Neuroscience. Brain wiring by presorting axons. Science 325, 544–545.
A journal article with 3 authors
Velarde, E., Ezcurra, E., Anderson, D.W., 2013. Seabird diets provide early warning of sardine fishery declines in the Gulf of California. Sci. Rep. 3, 1332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mazloumian, A., Helbing, D., Lozano, S., Light, R.P., Börner, K., 2013. Global multi-level analysis of the “scientific food web.” Sci. Rep. 3, 1167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trimble, M.R., George, M.S., 2010. Biological Psychiatry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Scheffers, A.M., 2016. Lakes of the World with Google Earth: Understanding our Environment, Coastal Research Library. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, B.G., 2008. Pine Wilt Disease in China, in: Zhao, B.G., Futai, K., Sutherland, J.R., Takeuchi, Y. (Eds.), Pine Wilt Disease. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 18–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cleaner Production.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. The First Results From The Juno Mission Are In – And They Already Challenge Our Understanding Of Jupiter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Inventory Management: The Army Could Reduce Logistics Costs for Aviation Parts by Adopting Best Practices (No. NSIAD-97-82). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bankas, J.K., 2014. CAFE—Community and Family Enrichment: Toward Community-Based Mental Health Support for Families (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005. Death Penalty Case Gives A Clue to Alito’s Methods. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chien, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Chien, 2008; Miyamichi and Luo, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miyamichi and Luo, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Mazloumian et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cleaner Production
AbbreviationJ. Clean. Prod.
ISSN (print)0959-6526
ScopeStrategy and Management
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Environmental Science

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