How to format your references using the Journal of Cleaner Production citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cleaner Production. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S., 2012. Vaccines: The take-home lesson. Nature 484, S24-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lake, J.K., Ostling, A., 2009. Comment on “Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian forest.” Science 324, 1015; author reply 1015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yao, L., Xi, L., Jiang, H., 2014. Photoacoustic computed microscopy. Sci. Rep. 4, 4960.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Felis, T., Lohmann, G., Kuhnert, H., Lorenz, S.J., Scholz, D., Pätzold, J., Al-Rousan, S.A., Al-Moghrabi, S.M., 2004. Increased seasonality in Middle East temperatures during the last interglacial period. Nature 429, 164–168.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lhabitant, F.-S., 2004. Hedge Funds. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Ashbee, R., Bignell, E.M. (Eds.), 2010. Pathogenic Yeasts, The Yeast Handbook. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bronfman, R., 2007. ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS IN ISRAEL, in: Linkov, I., Kiker, G.A., Wenning, R.J. (Eds.), Environmental Security in Harbors and Coastal Areas: Management Using Comparative Risk Assessment and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, NATO Security through Science Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 81–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cleaner Production.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New Rare Particle Decay Spotted [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Post-9/11 GI Bill: Additional Actions Needed to Help Reduce Overpayments and Increase Collections (No. GAO-16-42). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulukkunat, D., 2008. Biochemical Studies on Archaeal Ribonuclease P Reveal Thematic Convergence in Protein-Facilitated RNA Catalysis (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Drossman, S.R., Port, E.R., Sonnenblick, E.B., 2015. Why the Annual Mammogram Matters. New York Times A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (DeWeerdt, 2012; Lake and Ostling, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lake and Ostling, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Felis et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cleaner Production
AbbreviationJ. Clean. Prod.
ISSN (print)0959-6526
ScopeStrategy and Management
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Environmental Science

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