How to format your references using the Journal of Cleaner Production citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cleaner Production. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Legenstein, R., 2015. Computer science: Nanoscale connections for brain-like circuits. Nature 521, 37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vallina, S.M., Simó, R., 2007. Strong relationship between DMS and the solar radiation dose over the global surface ocean. Science 315, 506–508.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akihiko, T., Morioka, Y., Behera, S.K., 2014. Role of climate variability in the heatstroke death rates of Kanto region in Japan. Sci. Rep. 4, 5655.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sprague, A.L., Boynton, W.V., Kerry, K.E., Janes, D.M., Hunten, D.M., Kim, K.J., Reedy, R.C., Metzger, A.E., 2004. Mars’ south polar Ar enhancement: a tracer for south polar seasonal meridional mixing. Science 306, 1364–1367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gatarek, D., Bachert, P., Maksymiuk, R., 2007. The LIBOR Market Model in Practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Casanova, M.F., El-Baz, A.S., Suri, J.S. (Eds.), 2013. Imaging the Brain in Autism. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Blom, A.B., van den Berg, W.B., 2007. The Synovium and Its Role in Osteoarthritis, in: Bronner, F., Farach-Carson, M.C. (Eds.), Bone and Osteoarthritis, Topics in Bone Biology. Springer, London, pp. 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cleaner Production.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Kid Working On WW2 Homework Finds Nazi Plane With Pilot’s Skeleton Inside [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Biosurveillance: Observations on the Cancellation of BioWatch Gen-3 and Future Considerations for the Program (No. GAO-14-267T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, D.M., 2010. Educational paradigm shift: Emergence of the virtual classroom (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr., Mueller, B., Schweber, N., 2015. Second Chances Kept Coming for Suspect in Officer’s Death. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Legenstein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Legenstein, 2015; Vallina and Simó, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vallina and Simó, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Sprague et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cleaner Production
AbbreviationJ. Clean. Prod.
ISSN (print)0959-6526
ScopeStrategy and Management
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Environmental Science

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