How to format your references using the Journal of Cleaner Production citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cleaner Production. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cobb, M., 2001. Wondrous order. Nature 413, 779.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hanson, B., Voss, D., 2007. Sunrise. Introduction. Hinode. Science 318, 1571.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ang, Y.S., Ma, Z., Zhang, C., 2014. Chiral-like tunneling of electrons in two-dimensional semiconductors with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Sci. Rep. 4, 3780.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Osterloh, A., Amico, L., Falci, G., Fazio, R., 2002. Scaling of entanglement close to a quantum phase transition. Nature 416, 608–610.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pietersen, W., 2010. Strategic Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brabazon, A., O’Neill, M. (Eds.), 2008. Natural Computing in Computational Finance, X. ed, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hungerford, C., Kench, P., 2015. Standards and Standardization, in: Kennedy, M., Billett, S., Gherardi, S., Grealish, L. (Eds.), Practice-Based Learning in Higher Education: Jostling Cultures, Professional and Practice-Based Learning. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cleaner Production.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Can Invertebrates Feel Pain? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. The Job Training Partnership Act: Abuse of On-The-Job Training and Other Contracting Is an Ongoing Problem (No. T-HRD-92-47). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gallegos, C.M., 2009. Shelter services for homeless older adults: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E., Kishkovsky, S., 2012. Putin Takes Helm As Police Punish Moscow Dissent. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cobb, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cobb, 2001; Hanson and Voss, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hanson and Voss, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Osterloh et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cleaner Production
AbbreviationJ. Clean. Prod.
ISSN (print)0959-6526
ScopeStrategy and Management
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Environmental Science

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