How to format your references using the Journal of Cleaner Production citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cleaner Production. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C., 2015. Pharmacotherapy: Quest for the quitting pill. Nature 522, S53-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nicholson, J.M., Ioannidis, J.P.A., 2012. Research grants: Conform and be funded. Nature 492, 34–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaplan, C.D., Laprade, L., Winston, F., 2003. Transcription elongation factors repress transcription initiation from cryptic sites. Science 301, 1096–1099.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Santoro, G.E., Martonák, R., Tosatti, E., Car, R., 2002. Theory of quantum annealing of an Ising spin glass. Science 295, 2427–2430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geman, H., 2015. Agricultural Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kaski, P., 2006. Classification Algorithms for Codes and Designs, Algorithms and Computation in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Naqvi, S.W.A., 2010. Indian Ocean Margins, in: Liu, K.-K., Atkinson, L., Quiñones, R., Talaue-McManus, L. (Eds.), Carbon and Nutrient Fluxes in Continental Margins: A Global Synthesis, Global Change – The IGBP Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 171–210.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cleaner Production.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Antisocial Behaviour – It’s All In The Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Social Security Administration: Risks Associated With Information Technology Investment Continue (No. AIMD-94-143). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lu, Y.-C., 2009. From confrontation to accommodation: China’s policy toward the U.S. in the post-Cold War era (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Farrell, J.A., 2016. Tricky Dick’s Vietnam Treachery. New York Times SR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Nicholson and Ioannidis, 2012; Willyard, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nicholson and Ioannidis, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Santoro et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cleaner Production
AbbreviationJ. Clean. Prod.
ISSN (print)0959-6526
ScopeStrategy and Management
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Environmental Science

Other styles