How to format your references using the Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zubairy MS (2007) Physics. Factoring numbers with waves. Science 316:554–555
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang Z-F, Zhou J-H (2013) Can we identify source lithology of basalt? Sci Rep 3:1856
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanna JB, Schmitt D, Griffin TM (2008) The energetic cost of climbing in primates. Science 320:898
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang H, Gu H, Yan F, et al (2013) Direct characterization of bulk samples by internal extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Sci Rep 3:2495

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroupa VF (2005) Phase Lock Loops and Frequency Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Amzat IH, Yusuf B (2016) Fast forwarding Higher Education Institutions for Global Challenges: Perspectives and Approaches, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Homnick DN (2012) Dyspnea. In: Anbar RD (ed) Functional Respiratory Disorders: When Respiratory Symptoms Do Not Respond to Pulmonary Treatment. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 67–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Stephen Hawking Claims Aggression Will Be Downfall of Human Race. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baldasaro RE (2013) Person level analysis in latent growth curve models. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Itzkoff D, Bai M, Goldstein J, et al (2012) The One-Page Magazine. New York Times MM11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring
AbbreviationJ. Civ. Struct. Health Monit.
ISSN (print)2190-5452
ISSN (online)2190-5479
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles