How to format your references using the Journal of Circadian Rhythms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Circadian Rhythms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gong JP. Materials science. Materials both tough and soft. Science. 2014;344:161–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Raper SCB, Braithwaite RJ. Low sea level rise projections from mountain glaciers and icecaps under global warming. Nature. 2006;439:311–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gollihar J, Levy M, Ellington AD. Biochemistry. Many paths to the origin of life. Science. 2014;343:259–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Edgar KM, Wilson PA, Sexton PF, Suganuma Y. No extreme bipolar glaciation during the main Eocene calcite compensation shift. Nature. 2007;448:908–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Grous A. Fracture Mechanics 2. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Nguyen NT, editor. Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XIV. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kyriazopoulou C. Architectures and Requirements for the Development of Smart Cities: A Literature Study. In: Helfert M, Krempels K-H, Klein C, Donellan B, Guiskhin O, editors. Smart Cities, Green Technologies, and Intelligent Transport Systems: 4th International Conference, SMARTGREENS 2015, and 1st International Conference VEHITS 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, May 20-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 75–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Circadian Rhythms.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Woolly Mammoths Could Soon Become A Protected Species. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/woolly-mammoths-could-soon-become-a-protected-species/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Improved Planning of Future Rehabilitation Projects Could Prevent Limitations Identified with SafeTrack. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mayfield KM. Project managers’ experience and description of decision uncertainty associated with the agile software development methodology: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Pioneers Continue To Shepherd Women’s Basketball. New York Times. 2010;:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Circadian Rhythms
ISSN (print)1740-3391
Scope

Other styles