How to format your references using the Journal of Chinese Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chinese Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strano MS (2012) Chemistry. Functional DNA origami devices. Science 338:890–891
A journal article with 2 authors
Bremner R, Sage J (2014) Cancer: The origin of human retinoblastoma. Nature 514:312–313
A journal article with 3 authors
Steinacher M, Joos F, Stocker TF (2013) Allowable carbon emissions lowered by multiple climate targets. Nature 499:197–201
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yoshida S, Handa Y, Suzuki T, et al (2006) Microtubule-severing activity of Shigella is pivotal for intercellular spreading. Science 314:985–989

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Takezawa K (2005) Introduction to Nonparametric Regression: Takezawa/Introduction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Marbach-Ad G (2015) A Discipline-Based Teaching and Learning Center: A Model for Professional Development. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Zalewski J (2013) The Post-Process Era in Composition Studies and the Linguistic Turn of the 20th Century. In: Gabryś-Barker D, Piechurska-Kuciel E, Zybert J (eds) Investigations in Teaching and Learning Languages: Studies in Honour of Hanna Komorowska. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp 51–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chinese Studies.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Dinosaurs Saw The World In Shades Of Red. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Truck Safety: Motor Carriers Office Hampered by Limited Information on Causes of Crashes and Other Data Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams TA (2012) Improving Scores on Computerized Reading Assessments: The Effects of Colored Overlay Use. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Welcoming Back N.B.A. With Open Yawns. New York Times B16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chinese Studies
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Stud.
ISSN (online)2199-868X

Other styles