How to format your references using the Journal of Chinese Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chinese Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K (2003) The data busters. Nature 421:970–973
A journal article with 2 authors
Krieg AM, Lipford GB (2008) Immunology. The toll of cathepsin K deficiency. Science 319:576–577
A journal article with 3 authors
Rome LC, Flynn L, Yoo TD (2006) Biomechanics: rubber bands reduce the cost of carrying loads. Nature 444:1023–1024
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Su R-Q, Lai Y-C, Wang X, Do Y (2014) Uncovering hidden nodes in complex networks in the presence of noise. Sci Rep 4:3944

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doldi L (2005) Validation of Communications Systems with SDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
McGrath SJ, Carew J (2016) Rethinking German Idealism. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Ruderman E, Gordon KB (2016) Diagnosis and evaluation of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. In: Warren R, Menter A (eds) Handbook of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 27–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chinese Studies.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Rosetta’s Comet Now Shedding Significantly More Water Into Space. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Passenger Facility Charges: Program Implementation and the Potential Effects of Proposed Changes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blumenthal PM (2014) Local Land Use Regulatory Regimes and Residential Development Outcomes: An Analysis of Subdivision Review in Four Counties in the DC Region. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2002) World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: More Blamed In Air Disaster. New York Times A7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chinese Studies
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Stud.
ISSN (online)2199-868X

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