How to format your references using the Journal of Chinese Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chinese Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Motani R (2010) Paleontology. Warm-blooded “sea dragons”? Science 328:1361–1362
A journal article with 2 authors
Messing GL, Stevenson AJ (2008) Materials science. Toward pore-free ceramics. Science 322:383–384
A journal article with 3 authors
Riedel IH, Kruse K, Howard J (2005) A self-organized vortex array of hydrodynamically entrained sperm cells. Science 309:300–303
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Edgar KM, Wilson PA, Sexton PF, Suganuma Y (2007) No extreme bipolar glaciation during the main Eocene calcite compensation shift. Nature 448:908–911

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey JS, Mack MD, Fiore LB (2016) Your Anxious Child. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Spence R, So E, Scawthorn C (2011) Human Casualties in Earthquakes: Progress in Modelling and Mitigation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Buchmayr M, Kurschl W, Küng J (2013) Customized Situation Verification in Ambient Assisted Living Environments. In: Augusto JC, Wichert R, Collier R, et al (eds) Ambient Intelligence: 4th International Joint Conference, AmI 2013, Dublin, Ireland, December 3-5, 2013. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 48–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chinese Studies.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New Collection Of Artwork Commissioned By Gates Foundation Reminds Us Of The Importance Of Vaccination. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Survey on State Wireless E911 Funds, an E-supplement to GAO-06-338. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green SW (2015) The influence of satisfaction among African American males on community college choices. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2011) Superheroes for the Stockings. New York Times C36

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chinese Studies
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Stud.
ISSN (online)2199-868X

Other styles