How to format your references using the Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruiz, J. 2001. “The Stability against Freezing of an Internal Liquid-Water Ocean in Callisto.” Nature 412 (6845): 409–411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mahadevan, L., and S. Rica. 2005. “Self-Organized Origami.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5716): 1740.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lebedev, Sergei, Sébastien Chevrot, and Rob D. van der Hilst. 2002. “Seismic Evidence for Olivine Phase Changes at the 410- and 660-Kilometer Discontinuities.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5571): 1300–1302.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wellen, Kathryn E., Georgia Hatzivassiliou, Uma M. Sachdeva, Thi V. Bui, Justin R. Cross, and Craig B. Thompson. 2009. “ATP-Citrate Lyase Links Cellular Metabolism to Histone Acetylation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5930): 1076–1080.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen, Jens. 2017. Chemiereaktoren. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sambells, Jeffrey, and Aaron Gustafson, eds. 2007. AdvancED DOM Scripting: Dynamic Web Design Techniques. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Calvin, Sarah, and Viktor K. Jirsa. 2011. “Perspectives on the Dynamic Nature of Coupling in Human Coordination.” In Nonlinear Dynamics in Human Behavior, edited by Raoul Huys and Viktor K. Jirsa, 91–114. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “How Brain Implants Can Let Paralysed People Move Again.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Highway Infrastructure: Perceptions of Stakeholders on Approaches to Reduce Highway Project Completion Time. GAO-03-398. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coppock, Joyce Elizabeth. 2017. “Optical and Magnetic Measurements of a Levitated, Gyroscopically Stabilized Graphene Nanoplatelet.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gillis, Justin. 2017. “For Third Year, the Earth in 2016 Set Heat Record.” New York Times, January 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruiz 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ruiz 2001; Mahadevan and Rica 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mahadevan and Rica 2005)
  • Three authors: (Lebedev, Chevrot, and van der Hilst 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wellen et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies
ISSN (print)1476-5284
ISSN (online)1476-5292
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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