How to format your references using the Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kidwell, Susan M. 2005. “Shell Composition Has No Net Impact on Large-Scale Evolutionary Patterns in Mollusks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5711): 914–917.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheridan, Graham K., and Kumlesh K. Dev. 2014. “Targeting S1P Receptors in Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis in Mice Improves Early Deficits in Locomotor Activity and Increases Ultrasonic Vocalisations.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 5051.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurtley, Stella, Caroline Ash, and Leslie Roberts. 2010. “Tuberculosis & Malaria. Landscapes of Infection. Introduction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5980): 841.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
O’Connell, A. D., M. Hofheinz, M. Ansmann, Radoslaw C. Bialczak, M. Lenander, Erik Lucero, M. Neeley, et al. 2010. “Quantum Ground State and Single-Phonon Control of a Mechanical Resonator.” Nature 464 (7289): 697–703.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kerzner, Harold. 2017. Project Management Case Studies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Agapito, Lourdes, Michael M. Bronstein, and Carsten Rother, eds. 2015. Computer Vision - ECCV 2014 Workshops: Zurich, Switzerland, September 6-7 and 12, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV. Vol. 8928. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Erbsen, Allan. 2012. “The Substance and Illusion of Lex Sportiva.” In Lex Sportiva: What Is Sports Law?, edited by Robert C. R. Siekmann and Janwillem Soek, 91–108. ASSER International Sports Law Series. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Women Who Have Children Older, Live Longer.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Health, Education, Employment, and Income Security Reports. HEHS-94-117W. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fletcher, Brandon. 2017. “Tropes of Dis/Ableism as Flexible Stigma: Examining Brenda Connors’ 2008 Report as an Instance of Dis/Ableist Polemical Rhetoric.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin. 1998. “Almost Tudor Interior, but Ignoble Facade.” New York Times, April 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kidwell 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kidwell 2005; Sheridan and Dev 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheridan and Dev 2014)
  • Three authors: (Hurtley, Ash, and Roberts 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (O’Connell et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies
ISSN (print)1476-5284
ISSN (online)1476-5292
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles