How to format your references using the Computational Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kampinga HH (2015) Molecular biology: It takes two to untangle. Nature 524:169–170
A journal article with 2 authors
Tamura K, Schimmel P (2004) Chiral-selective aminoacylation of an RNA minihelix. Science 305:1253
A journal article with 3 authors
Shiono M, Matsugaki N, Takeda K (2005) Phytochemistry: structure of the blue cornflower pigment. Nature 436:791
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Losos JB, Leal M, Glor RE, et al (2003) Niche lability in the evolution of a Caribbean lizard community. Nature 424:542–545

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherian A (2015) Energy and Global Climate Change. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Besnard D, Gacek C, Jones CB (eds) (2006) Structure for Dependability: Computer-Based Systems from an Interdisciplinary Perspective. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Gross EKU, Maitra NT (2012) Introduction to TDDFT. In: Marques MAL, Maitra NT, Nogueira FMS, et al. (eds) Fundamentals of Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Management Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Five Chemistry Inventions That Enabled The Modern World. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Federal Direction Needed for Educating Handicapped Children in State Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zatolokin A (2015) Stylistic approaches for oboists in the operatic works of J. Hasse. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2014) Wust Reclaims Gold in 3,000. New York Times D9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kampinga 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Tamura and Schimmel 2004; Kampinga 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tamura and Schimmel 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Losos et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Management Science
AbbreviationComput. Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1619-697X
ISSN (online)1619-6988
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Information Systems

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