How to format your references using the Computational Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright G (2015) Antibiotics: An irresistible newcomer. Nature 517:442–444
A journal article with 2 authors
Conway TM, John SG (2014) Quantification of dissolved iron sources to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature 511:212–215
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen G, Zhuchenko O, Kuspa A (2007) Immune-like phagocyte activity in the social amoeba. Science 317:678–681
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mihola O, Trachtulec Z, Vlcek C, et al (2009) A mouse speciation gene encodes a meiotic histone H3 methyltransferase. Science 323:373–375

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valière J-C (2014) Acoustic Particle Velocity Measurements Using Lasers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bahadir AM, Duca G (eds) (2009) The Role of Ecological Chemistry in Pollution Research and Sustainable Development. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Jacob C, Steil S, Bergmann K (2006) The Swarming Body: Simulating the Decentralized Defenses of Immunity. In: Bersini H, Carneiro J (eds) Artificial Immune Systems: 5th International Conference, ICARIS 2006, Oeiras, Portugal, September 4-6, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 52–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Management Science.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) The Brightest Ever Supernova Was Actually A Star Being Ripped Apart. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Cost/Benefit Analysis--A Legislative Branch Viewpoint. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaglen Bertrando SL (2017) Rethinking Workplace Learning in the Digital World: A Case Study of Open Badges. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) Lions in Winter Who Can Still Roar. New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wright 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Conway and John 2014; Wright 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conway and John 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mihola et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Management Science
AbbreviationComput. Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1619-697X
ISSN (online)1619-6988
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Information Systems

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