How to format your references using the Computational Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nattel S (2002) New ideas about atrial fibrillation 50 years on. Nature 415:219–226
A journal article with 2 authors
Simpson GG, Dean C (2002) Arabidopsis, the Rosetta stone of flowering time? Science 296:285–289
A journal article with 3 authors
Back JM, McCue SW, Moroney TJ (2014) Including nonequilibrium interface kinetics in a continuum model for melting nanoscaled particles. Sci Rep 4:7066
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yan L, Zhu B, Jiao Z, et al (2014) An orientation measurement method based on Hall-effect sensors for permanent magnet spherical actuators with 3D magnet array. Sci Rep 4:6756

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevenson O (2008) Neglected Children and Their Families. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
van den Berg MA, Maruthachalam K (eds) (2015) Genetic Transformation Systems in Fungi, Volume 1. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Flynn A, McCarthy J (2016) Exploring the Student Learning Experience in a ‘Live’ International Corporate Finance Course Project. In: Daly P, Reid K, Buckley P, Doyle E (eds) Innovative Business Education Design for 21st Century Learning. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Management Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) China Refuels Satellite In Space For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Aviation Fees: Review of Air Carriers’ Year 2000 Passenger and Property Screening Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher JD (2015) A profile of the chief student affairs officers of the California State University system. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley G (2016) Death of a Red Carpet Reporter. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nattel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Nattel 2002; Simpson and Dean 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simpson and Dean 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Management Science
AbbreviationComput. Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1619-697X
ISSN (online)1619-6988
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Information Systems

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