How to format your references using the Computational Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feldheim DL (2007) Chemistry. The new face of catalysis. Science 316:699–700
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolff JO, Gorb SN (2013) Radial arrangement of Janus-like setae permits friction control in spiders. Sci Rep 3:1101
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanabe K, Sakihama N, Kaneko A (2004) Stable SNPs in malaria antigen genes in isolated populations. Science 303:493
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lemay SG, Janssen JW, van den Hout M, et al (2001) Two-dimensional imaging of electronic wavefunctions in carbon nanotubes. Nature 412:617–620

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minelli M, Chambers M, Dhiraj A (2013) Big Data, Big Analytics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Doerffer P (2011) Unsteady Effects of Shock Wave Induced Separation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Djambazova E, Almgren M, Dimitrov K, Jonsson E (2011) Emerging and Future Cyber Threats to Critical Systems. In: Camenisch J, Kisimov V, Dubovitskaya M (eds) Open Research Problems in Network Security: IFIP WG 11.4 International Workshop, iNetSec 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria, March 5-6, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 29–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Management Science.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) If You Don’t Want To Know What An Owl Looks Like Naked, Look Away Now. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Aviation Weather: Agencies Need to Improve Performance Measurement and Fully Address Key Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morales GA (2015) Effects of communication and control latency on air traffic controller acceptance of unmanned aircraft operations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M (2017) August’s Most Popular Listings. New York Times RE2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feldheim 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Feldheim 2007; Wolff and Gorb 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolff and Gorb 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lemay et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Management Science
AbbreviationComput. Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1619-697X
ISSN (online)1619-6988
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Information Systems

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