How to format your references using the Computational Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pochan DJ (2012) Materials science. Approaching asymmetry and versatility in polymer assembly. Science 337:530–531
A journal article with 2 authors
Venitt S, Phillips DH (2012) Philip D. Lawley (1927-2011). Nature 482:36
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiske ST, Harris LT, Cuddy AJC (2004) Social psychology. Why ordinary people torture enemy prisoners. Science 306:1482–1483
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Prokscha T, Chow KH, Stilp E, et al (2013) Photo-induced persistent inversion of germanium in a 200-nm-deep surface region. Sci Rep 3:2569

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinebretière R (2010) X-ray Diffraction by Polycrystalline Materials. ISTE, London, UK
An edited book
Vitale K (ed) (2012) Environmental and Food Safety and Security for South-East Europe and Ukraine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Wolf J, Vicente A, Gibbons P, et al (2009) BunnyBot: Humanoid Platform for Research and Teaching. In: Kim J-H, Ge SS, Vadakkepat P, et al. (eds) Progress in Robotics: FIRA RoboWorld Congress 2009, Incheon, Korea, August 16-20, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 25–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Management Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Patterns Are Math We Love To Look At. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Department of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christian TM (2012) Under the Navajo stars: The intersection of mythic narratives, archaeology, and star ceilings. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B, Green J (2017) Critics at War? Yes. But Agreeing, Too. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pochan 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Venitt and Phillips 2012; Pochan 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Venitt and Phillips 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Prokscha et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Management Science
AbbreviationComput. Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1619-697X
ISSN (online)1619-6988
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Information Systems

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