How to format your references using the Computational Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
deMenocal PB (2011) Anthropology. Climate and human evolution. Science 331:540–542
A journal article with 2 authors
Cook EH Jr, Scherer SW (2008) Copy-number variations associated with neuropsychiatric conditions. Nature 455:919–923
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee A, Dennis C, Campbell P (2007) Nature’s guide for mentors. Nature 447:791–797
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Organ CL, Shedlock AM, Meade A, et al (2007) Origin of avian genome size and structure in non-avian dinosaurs. Nature 446:180–184

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman NP (2010) Process Engineering for a Small Planet. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lone SH (2015) Chemical and Pharmacological Perspective of Artemisia amygdalina. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Drummond JJ (2015) Exceptional Love? In: Ubiali M, Wehrle M (eds) Feeling and Value, Willing and Action: Essays in the Context of a Phenomenological Psychology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 51–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Management Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Depression Damages Parts of the Brain, Research Concludes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Challenge: OPM Has Made Progress on Business Continuity Planning. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guarin Y (2017) A Postpartum Support Group for Women Experiencing Postpartum Depression: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) Company for a Winter Journey. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (deMenocal 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cook and Scherer 2008; deMenocal 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cook and Scherer 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Organ et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Management Science
AbbreviationComput. Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1619-697X
ISSN (online)1619-6988
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Information Systems

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