How to format your references using the AAPG Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AAPG Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sontheimer, H., 2015, Brain cancer: Tumour cells on neighbourhood watch: Nature, v. 528, no. 7580, p. 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Markus, M. B., and J. E. Fincham, 2000, Mbeki and AIDS in Africa: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 288, no. 5474, p. 2131d.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poulsen, C. J., T. A. Ehlers, and N. Insel, 2010, Onset of convective rainfall during gradual late Miocene rise of the central Andes: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 328, no. 5977, p. 490–493.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kaneko, T., T. Sakuma, T. Yamamoto, and T. Mashimo, 2014, Simple knockout by electroporation of engineered endonucleases into intact rat embryos: Scientific reports, v. 4, p. 6382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG, 2013, MAK- und BAT-Werte-Liste 2013: Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kumar, S., 2014, Deregulation and Efficiency of Indian Banks: New Delhi, Springer India, India Studies in Business and Economics, XXI, 323 p. 18 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Overbeck, R., and N. Sendrier, 2009, Code-based cryptography, in D. J. Bernstein, J. Buchmann, and E. Dahmen, eds., Post-Quantum Cryptography: Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, p. 95–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AAPG Bulletin.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017, Modern Humans And Neanderthals May Have Been Swapping STIs: IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016, Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Less Than Half of Noncommercial Jet Fuel Tax Receipts Are Transferred, GAO-16-746R: Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, R. A., 2010, Who am I? A biracial and interfaith woman’s perspective: A personal narrative, Doctoral dissertation: Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O., 2015, Friday File: p. C22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sontheimer, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Markus and Fincham, 2000; Sontheimer, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Markus and Fincham, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kaneko et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAAPG Bulletin
AbbreviationAm. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Bull.
ISSN (print)0149-1423
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geochemistry and Petrology
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

Other styles