How to format your references using the AAPG Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AAPG Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whiten, A., 2014, Animal behaviour: Incipient tradition in wild chimpanzees: Nature, v. 514, no. 7521, p. 178–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gómez, P., and A. Buckling, 2011, Bacteria-phage antagonistic coevolution in soil: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 332, no. 6025, p. 106–109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Plerou, V., P. Gopikrishnan, and H. E. Stanley, 2003, Econophysics: Two-phase behaviour of financial markets: Nature, v. 421, no. 6919, p. 130.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Naqvi, S. W., D. A. Jayakumar, P. V. Narvekar, H. Naik, V. V. Sarma, W. D’Souza, S. Joseph, and M. D. George, 2000, Increased marine production of N2O due to intensifying anoxia on the Indian continental shelf: Nature, v. 408, no. 6810, p. 346–349.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, I. M., D. V. Griffiths, and L. Margetts, 2015, Programming the Finite Element Method: Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
HÖffe, O., D. Moellendorf, and T. Pogge (eds.), 2007, Democracy in an Age of Globalisation: Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, Studies In Global Justice, X, 351 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Checa, S., C. Sandino, D. P. Byrne, D. J. Kelly, D. Lacroix, and P. J. Prendergast, 2011, Computational techniques for selection of biomaterial scaffolds for tissue engineering, in P. R. Fernandes, and P. J. Bártolo, eds., Advances on Modeling in Tissue Engineering: Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, Computational Methods in Applied Sciences, p. 55–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AAPG Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, New Method Could Reveal Your Entire Viral Infection History With A Single Drop Of Blood: IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989, Highway Contracts: Federal-Aid Highway Contracts Awarded to Minority- and Women-Owned Businesses, RCED-89-78: Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederiksen, M. D., 2013, Engaging physicians to support corporate compliance programs: A grounded theory study, Doctoral dissertation: Phoenix, AZ, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010, Whimsical Boyfriends: p. E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whiten, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gómez and Buckling, 2011; Whiten, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gómez and Buckling, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Naqvi et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAAPG Bulletin
AbbreviationAm. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Bull.
ISSN (print)0149-1423
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geochemistry and Petrology
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

Other styles