How to format your references using the Journal of Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosenzweig A. Medicine. Cardiac regeneration. Science. 2012 Dec 21;338(6114):1549–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kluwe C, Ellington AD. Evolution. RNA GPS. Science. 2010 Oct 15;330(6002):330–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim JH, Yoneya M, Yokoyama H. Tristable nematic liquid-crystal device using micropatterned surface alignment. Nature. 2002 Nov 14;420(6912):159–62.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Burrows MT, Schoeman DS, Buckley LB, Moore P, Poloczanska ES, Brander KM, et al. The pace of shifting climate in marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Science. 2011 Nov 4;334(6056):652–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bottjer DJ. Paleoecology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Benedetti R. Sampling Spatial Units for Agricultural Surveys. Piersimoni F, Postiglione P, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. XVIII, 325 p. 44 illus. (Advances in Spatial Science, The Regional Science Series).
A chapter in an edited book
Javed O, Shah M. Tracking in Multiple Cameras with Disjoint Views. In: Shah M, editor. Automated Multi-Camera Surveillance: Algorithms and Practice. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008. p. 1–26. (The International Series in Video Computing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemotherapy.

Blog post
Luntz S. Material Folds Into A Straw When Exposed To Water [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Treasury Department and Its Bureaus Can Better Plan for and Control Computer Resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Feb. Report No.: GGD-82-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cervantes-Kelly MD. Translation and interpretation as a means to improve bilingual high school students’ English and Spanish academic language proficiency [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Putin Says Politics Needs More Women. New York Times. 2003 Mar 7;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Chemother.
ISSN (print)1120-009X
ISSN (online)1973-9478
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

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