How to format your references using the Journal of Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singleton AB. Genetics. A unified process for neurological disease. Science. 2014 Jan 31;343(6170):497–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Divakaruni AS, Murphy AN. Cell biology. A mitochondrial mystery, solved. Science. 2012 Jul 6;337(6090):41–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
London AJ, Kimmelman J, Carlisle B. Research ethics. Rethinking research ethics: the case of postmarketing trials. Science. 2012 May 4;336(6081):544–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li S, Luo J, Anwar S, Li S, Lu W, Hang ZH, et al. An equivalent realization of coherent perfect absorption under single beam illumination. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 8;4:7369.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramamoorti S, Morrison DE III, Koletar JW, Pope KR. A.B.C.’s of Behavioral Forensics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Arora NK, editor. Plant Microbe Symbiosis: Fundamentals and Advances. New Delhi: Springer India; 2013. XI, 459 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kall P, Mayer J. Algorithms. In: Mayer J, editor. Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory, and Computation. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011. p. 285–382. (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. Dogs Incredibly Accurate When Sniffing Out Cancer [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. What Is the Role of Federal Assistance for Vocational Education? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974 Dec. Report No.: MWD-75-31.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amezcua D. Increasing academic success for foster youth: Educational workshops and resource guides: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Savoring The Live Action. New York Times. 2010 Aug 1;ST9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Chemother.
ISSN (print)1120-009X
ISSN (online)1973-9478
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

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