How to format your references using the Journal of Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Socha JJ. Gliding flight in the paradise tree snake. Nature. 2002 Aug 8;418(6898):603–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Piskorowski R, Aldrich RW. Calcium activation of BK(Ca) potassium channels lacking the calcium bowl and RCK domains. Nature. 2002 Dec 5;420(6915):499–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhlenkoetter S, Wintermeyer W, Rodnina MV. Different substrate-dependent transition states in the active site of the ribosome. Nature. 2011 Jul 31;476(7360):351–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rasmussen SGF, DeVree BT, Zou Y, Kruse AC, Chung KY, Kobilka TS, et al. Crystal structure of the β2 adrenergic receptor-Gs protein complex. Nature. 2011 Jul 19;477(7366):549–55.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goering H, Roos H-G, Tobiska L. Die Finite-Elemente-Methode für Anfänger. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
Bostan B, editor. Gamer Psychology and Behavior. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIV, 153 p. 29 illus., 25 illus. in color. (International Series on Computer Entertainment and Media Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
El-Meliegy E, van Noort R. Formulation of Medical Glasses. In: Noort R van, editor. Glasses and Glass Ceramics for Medical Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 57–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew D. Brain Scans Reveal Why It Is So Difficult To Recover From Ocd – And Hint At Ways Forward [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Readiness of the Transoceanic Abort Landing Sites. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Dec. Report No.: NSIAD-89-22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carman SB. Leadership style and church attendance: An ex post facto study of Churches of Christ in Texas [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J. E.U. Leader Urges Simplifying Bloc. New York Times. 2017 Sep 13;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Chemother.
ISSN (print)1120-009X
ISSN (online)1973-9478
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

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