How to format your references using the Journal of Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vanmaekelbergh D. Materials science: Superlattice substitution. Nature. 2015 Aug 27;524(7566):418–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao Y, Bando Y. Carbon nanothermometer containing gallium. Nature. 2002 Feb 7;415(6872):599.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rozin P, Haidt J, Fincher K. Psychology. From oral to moral. Science. 2009 Feb 27;323(5918):1179–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sokolovski SG, Zolotovskaya SA, Goltsov A, Pourreyron C, South AP, Rafailov EU. Infrared laser pulse triggers increased singlet oxygen production in tumour cells. Sci Rep. 2013 Dec 12;3:3484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith GS. Straight to the Top. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Christiansen H, Tré GD, Yazici A, Zadrozny S, Andreasen T, Larsen HL, editors. Flexible Query Answering Systems: 9th International Conference, FQAS 2011, Ghent, Belgium, October 26-28, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XIV, 510 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7022).
A chapter in an edited book
Palit M, Levin SB. Collaborative Therapy with Women and Children Refugees in Houston: Moving Toward Rehabilitation in the United States After Enduring the Atrocities of War. In: Charlés LL, Samarasinghe G, editors. Family Therapy in Global Humanitarian Contexts: Voices and Issues from the Field. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 39–49. (AFTA SpringerBriefs in Family Therapy).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemotherapy.

Blog post
Taub B. Why Are People So Curious? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Acquisition--Fair, Reasonable, Supported. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Mar. Report No.: IMTEC-88-26.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eisenberg DA. Effectiveness of an eel curriculum on student achievement for the California earth science standard on ocean currents A comparative analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Taking Manhattan By Bike, the Russian Way. New York Times. 2011 Sep 18;TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Chemother.
ISSN (print)1120-009X
ISSN (online)1973-9478
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

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