How to format your references using the Journal of Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dustin ML. Immunology. When F-actin becomes too much of a good thing. Science. 2006 Aug 11;313(5788):767–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellor N, Bishopp A. Plant science. The innermost secrets of root development. Science. 2014 Aug 8;345(6197):622–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sommer MOA, Dantas G, Church GM. Functional characterization of the antibiotic resistance reservoir in the human microflora. Science. 2009 Aug 28;325(5944):1128–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gentile G, Famaey B, Zhao H, Salucci P. Universality of galactic surface densities within one dark halo scale-length. Nature. 2009 Oct 1;461(7264):627–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balmori D. Drawing and Reinventing Landscape. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Li X-G. Analytic Curve Frequency-Sweeping Stability Tests for Systems with Commensurate Delays. Niculescu S-I, Cela A, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XVIII, 130 p. 33 illus., 29 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering).
A chapter in an edited book
Bagdoev AG, Vardanyan AV, Vardanyan SV. The Determination of Linear Frequencies of Bending Vibrations of Ferromagnetic Shell by Exact Space Treatment. In: Jaiani G, Podio-Guidugli P, editors. IUTAM Symposium on Relations of Shell Plate Beam and 3D Models: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on the Relations of Shell, Plate, Beam, and 3D Models, Dedicated to the Centenary of Ilia Vekua’s Birth, held in Tbilisi, Georgia, April 23-27, 2007. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 49–57. (Gladwell GLM, Moreau R, Engelbrecht J, Freund LB, Kluwick A, Moffatt HK, et al., editors. IUTAM Bookseries).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemotherapy.

Blog post
Hamilton K. This Is What Happens When You Turn A Water Sprinkler On At -34°C [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Exempting FAA from Procurement and Personnel Rules. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Oct. Report No.: RCED-96-27R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hunt SA. A study of health care payment organizations’ culture and adaptability to revolutionary change [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. 101 Years Ago: ‘The Birth of a Nation’ Had its First Screenings. New York Times. 2016 Feb 5;C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Chemother.
ISSN (print)1120-009X
ISSN (online)1973-9478
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

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