How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bollinger, John J. 2011. Metrology: filtering noise with a quantum probe. Nature 473: 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rabinowitz, Joshua D., and Eileen White. 2010. Autophagy and metabolism. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330: 1344–1348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weng, Lilian, Filippo Menczer, and Yong-Yeol Ahn. 2013. Virality prediction and community structure in social networks. Scientific reports 3: 2522.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Antoja, T., A. Helmi, M. Romero-Gómez, D. Katz, C. Babusiaux, R. Drimmel, D. W. Evans, et al. 2018. A dynamically young and perturbed Milky Way disk. Nature 561: 360–362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon, Laurent. 2013. Control of Biological and Drug-Delivery Systems for Chemical, Biomedical, and Pharmaceutical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cominetti, Roberto. 2012. Modern Optimization Modelling Techniques. Edited by Francisco Facchinei and Jean B. Lasserre. Advanced Courses in Mathematics - CRM Barcelona. Basel: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kerr, David, and Hanfeng Li. 2016. Property (T). In Ergodic Theory: Independence and Dichotomies, ed. Hanfeng Li, 131–146. Springer Monographs in Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. Hibernating Bears Could Teach us About Long-Distance Space Travel. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 13.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Telephone Communications: Bypass of the Local Telephone Companies. RCED-86-66. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meier, Malinda R. 2009. Exploring the effects of school calendars on student achievement. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. Mets’ Big Five Are Starting Healthy. New York Times, February 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Sciences
ISSN (print)0974-3626
ISSN (online)0973-7103

Other styles