How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner, Kurt. 2008. Toronto rising. Nature 453: 252–253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurita, Rei, and Hajime Tanaka. 2004. Critical-like phenomena associated with liquid-liquid transition in a molecular liquid. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306: 845–848.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi, Yuske, Kazutoshi Arai, and Shiro Kohshima. 2006. Sleep behaviour: sleep in continuously active dolphins. Nature 441: E9-10; discussion E11.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Carreiras, Manuel, Mohamed L. Seghier, Silvia Baquero, Adelina Estévez, Alfonso Lozano, Joseph T. Devlin, and Cathy J. Price. 2009. An anatomical signature for literacy. Nature 461: 983–986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neff, David J., and Randal C. Moss. 2011. The Future of Nonprofits. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Anastassiou, George A. 2013. Intelligent Routines: Solving Mathematical Analysis with Matlab, Mathcad, Mathematica and Maple. Edited by Iuliana F. Iatan. Vol. 39. Intelligent Systems Reference Library. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hens, Thorsten, and Marc Oliver Rieger. 2016. Multiple-Periods Model. In Financial Economics: A Concise Introduction to Classical and Behavioral Finance, ed. Marc Oliver Rieger, 211–254. Springer Texts in Business and Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2016. How Snakes Became Resistant To Their Toxic Newt Prey. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 14.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Exempting FAA from Procurement and Personnel Rules. RCED-96-27R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, Jason R. 2012. Staging Vietnamese America: Music and the performance of Vietnamese American identities. Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2012. Illinois Debt Takes Toll, Study Finds. New York Times, October 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Sciences
ISSN (print)0974-3626
ISSN (online)0973-7103

Other styles