How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Altman, Michael S. 2010. Chemistry. CO prefers the aisle seat. Science (New York, N.Y.) 327: 789–790.
A journal article with 2 authors
Houghton, Michael, and Sergio Abrignani. 2005. Prospects for a vaccine against the hepatitis C virus. Nature 436: 961–966.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt-Hieber, Christoph, Peter Jonas, and Josef Bischofberger. 2004. Enhanced synaptic plasticity in newly generated granule cells of the adult hippocampus. Nature 429: 184–187.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bendall, Sean C., Erin F. Simonds, Peng Qiu, El-Ad D. Amir, Peter O. Krutzik, Rachel Finck, Robert V. Bruggner, et al. 2011. Single-cell mass cytometry of differential immune and drug responses across a human hematopoietic continuum. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332: 687–696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attoh-Okine, Nii O. 2017. Big Data and Differential Privacy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Janmey, Paul, Daniel Fletcher, Sharon Gerecht, Ross Levine, Parag Mallick, Owen McCarty, Lance Munn, and Cynthia Reinhart-King, ed. 2016. Physical Sciences and Engineering Advances in Life Sciences and Oncology: A WTEC Global Assessment. Science Policy Reports. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Was, Gary S., and Todd R. Allen. 2007. RADIATION DAMAGE FROM DIFFERENT PARTICLE TYPES. In Radiation Effects in Solids, ed. Kurt E. Sickafus, Eugene A. Kotomin, and Blas P. Uberuaga, 65–98. NATO Science Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2016. Why Running Could Keep You Awake At Night. IFLScience. IFLScience. December 1.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Highway Trust Fund: All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes from 2005 to 2009. GAO-11-918. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Friedman, Daniel Evan. 2017. Characterization of Organic Matter in Suspended Sediments Via Pyrolysis and Oxidation. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. The Best of Rivals And Best of Friends, Then and Always. New York Times, August 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Sciences
ISSN (print)0974-3626
ISSN (online)0973-7103

Other styles