How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Crystallography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Crystallography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexander RM (2007) Biophysics. Antennae as gyroscopes. Science 315:771–772
A journal article with 2 authors
Vollrath F, Knight DP (2001) Liquid crystalline spinning of spider silk. Nature 410:541–548
A journal article with 3 authors
Snyder SA, Gollner A, Chiriac MI (2011) Regioselective reactions for programmable resveratrol oligomer synthesis. Nature 474:461–466
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ingersoll AP, Gierasch PJ, Banfield D, Vasavada AR (2000) Moist convection as an energy source for the large-scale motions in Jupiter’s atmosphere. Galileo Imaging Team. Nature 403:630–632

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2012) Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Favali P (2015) SEAFLOOR OBSERVATORIES: A New Vision of the Earth from the Abyss, 1st ed. 2015. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kemper C, Oxley I (2012) The Benefits of Version Control. In: Oxley I (ed) Foundation Version Control for Web Developers. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 75–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Crystallography.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Brains Work Via Their Genes Just As Much As Their Neurons. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Federal-Aid Highways: Cost and Oversight of Major Highway and Bridge Projects--Issues and Options. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clovis DJ (2010) The thayer valve and its effect on a generation and beyond. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tabor MBW (1995) Media: Publishing; Nobody’s sure what multimedia rights to books are worth. But nobody’s ceding them without a fight. New York Times D7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Crystallography
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Crystallogr.
ISSN (print)1074-1542
ISSN (online)1572-8854
ScopeStructural Biology
Condensed Matter Physics

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