How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Crystallography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Crystallography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Downer MC (2002) Optics. A new low for nonlinear optics. Science 298:373–375
A journal article with 2 authors
Takano Y, Ukezono M (2014) An experimental task to examine the mirror system in rats. Sci Rep 4:6652
A journal article with 3 authors
Alves JF, Lada CJ, Lada EA (2001) Internal structure of a cold dark molecular cloud inferred from the extinction of background starlight. Nature 409:159–161
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cayuela ML, Sánchez-Monedero MA, Roig A, et al (2013) Biochar and denitrification in soils: when, how much and why does biochar reduce N₂O emissions? Sci Rep 3:1732

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laster B (2016) Professional Git®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Pal R (2014) An Introduction to Phytoplanktons: Diversity and Ecology. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Schlesinger W, Taulet AC, Alves H, Burguete JLV (2016) An Approach to Measuring Perceived Quality of Life in the City Through a Formative Multidimensional Perspective. In: Leitão J, Alves H (eds) Entrepreneurial and Innovative Practices in Public Institutions: A Quality of Life Approach. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Crystallography.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) What Exactly Is A Super-Recognizer? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Svarda D (2010) Man 2 Man. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nagourney A, Lovett I, Rojas R (2015) Community Struck by Massacre Seemed on Verge of Turnaround. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Crystallography
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Crystallogr.
ISSN (print)1074-1542
ISSN (online)1572-8854
ScopeStructural Biology
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles