How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Crystallography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Crystallography (J Chem Crystallogr). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen RM (2012) Geophysics. Transforming earthquake detection? Science 335:297–298
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouchon M, Karabulut H (2008) The aftershock signature of supershear earthquakes. Science 320:1323–1325
A journal article with 3 authors
Brook BW, Sodhi NS, Ng PKL (2003) Catastrophic extinctions follow deforestation in Singapore. Nature 424:420–426
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ye D, Zheng G, Wang J, et al (2013) Negative group velocity in the absence of absorption resonance. Sci Rep 3:1628

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lunn G (2005) HPLC Methods for Recently Approved Pharmaceuticals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chen X (michael) (2015) Stochastic Evolutions of Dynamic Traffic Flow: Modeling and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Huang D, Leung H (2010) An EM-IMM Method for Simultaneous Registration and Fusion of Multiple Radars and ESM Sensors. In: Mukhopadhyay SC, Leung H (eds) Advances in Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 101–124

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Crystallography.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Study Finds That Online Harassers Really Are Losers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) Implementation of P.L. 94-142 as It Relates to Handicapped Delinquents in the District of Columbia. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelser CR (2010) Interpretation of Aaron Copland’s Duo for Flute and Piano. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2017) Mountain Time For the Texans. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Crystallography
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Crystallogr.
ISSN (print)1074-1542
ISSN (online)1572-8854
ScopeStructural Biology
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles