How to format your references using the Capitalism Nature Socialism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Capitalism Nature Socialism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman, K. S. 2000. “Indian Space Agency Sets Its Sights on a Mission to the Moon.” Nature 406 (6791): 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen, J. E., and R. E. Gürtler. 2001. “Modeling Household Transmission of American Trypanosomiasis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5530): 694–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sword, Gregory A., Patrick D. Lorch, and Darryl T. Gwynne. 2005. “Insect Behaviour: Migratory Bands Give Crickets Protection.” Nature 433 (7027): 703.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Markovitsi, Dimitra, Francis Talbot, Thomas Gustavsson, Delphine Onidas, Elodie Lazzarotto, and Sylvie Marguet. 2006. “Molecular Spectroscopy: Complexity of Excited-State Dynamics in DNA.” Nature 441 (7094): E7; discussion E8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim, Yang-Hann. 2010. Sound Propagation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ravi, Vadlamani, Bijaya Ketan Panigrahi, Swagatam Das, and Ponnuthurai Nagaratnam Suganthan, eds. 2015. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fuzzy and Neuro Computing (FANCCO - 2015). 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 415. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jacobs, George M., Willy A. Renandya, and Michael Power. 2016. “Curricular Integration.” In Simple, Powerful Strategies for Student Centered Learning, edited by Willy Ardian Renandya and Michael Power, 39–46. SpringerBriefs in Education. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Capitalism Nature Socialism.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Mini Human Stomachs Grown in the Lab.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. FAA Work Force Issues. T-RCED-87-25. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kargbo, Abdulai Hassan. 2019. “An Approach to Dynamic Resource Allocation for Electric Power Disaster Response Management.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr., and Emily Palmer. 2017. “Although Divided, Jury Delivers Guilty Verdict in 2015 Murder of Police Officer.” New York Times, March 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Jayaraman 2000; Cohen and Gürtler 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cohen and Gürtler 2001)
  • Three authors: (Sword, Lorch, and Gwynne 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Markovitsi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCapitalism Nature Socialism
AbbreviationCapital. Nat. Social.
ISSN (print)1045-5752
ISSN (online)1548-3290
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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