How to format your references using the Capitalism Nature Socialism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Capitalism Nature Socialism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fox, Robert O. 2009. “Obituary: Frederic Richards (1925-2009).” Nature 457 (7232): 976.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wasan, Darsh T., and Alex D. Nikolov. 2003. “Spreading of Nanofluids on Solids.” Nature 423 (6936): 156–159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Borys, Nicholas J., Eyal Shafran, and John M. Lupton. 2013. “Surface Plasmon Delocalization in Silver Nanoparticle Aggregates Revealed by Subdiffraction Supercontinuum Hot Spots.” Scientific Reports 3: 2090.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Xin, Holger Willenbring, Yassmine Akkari, Yumi Torimaru, Mark Foster, Muhsen Al-Dhalimy, Eric Lagasse, Milton Finegold, Susan Olson, and Markus Grompe. 2003. “Cell Fusion Is the Principal Source of Bone-Marrow-Derived Hepatocytes.” Nature 422 (6934): 897–901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Reedy, Mohamed A. 2016. Project Management in the Oil and Gas Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Feng, Hua, Ying Mao, and John H. Zhang, eds. 2011. Early Brain Injury or Cerebral Vasospasm: Volume 1: Pathophysiology. Vol. 110/1. Acta Neurochirurgica Supplements. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Molchanov, Vladimir F. 2014. “Berezin Transform and a Deformation Decomposition.” In Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXII Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 30-July 6, 2013, edited by Piotr Kielanowski, Pierre Bieliavsky, Alexander Odesskii, Anatol Odzijewicz, Martin Schlichenmaier, and Theodore Voronov, 49–56. Trends in Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Capitalism Nature Socialism.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Over 95% Of The World’s Population Suffer From Health Problems.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Forest Service: Status of Geographic Information System Acquisition. IMTEC-89-27. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoscoe, Brandon T. 2014. “Assistive Technology and the Promotion of Inclusion for Special Needs Children in Public Schools: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, Michael. 2017. “Asked for Data on Voters, States Give Trump Panel a Bipartisan ‘No.’” New York Times, July 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fox 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fox 2009; Wasan and Nikolov 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wasan and Nikolov 2003)
  • Three authors: (Borys, Shafran, and Lupton 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCapitalism Nature Socialism
AbbreviationCapital. Nat. Social.
ISSN (print)1045-5752
ISSN (online)1548-3290
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles