How to format your references using the Capitalism Nature Socialism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Capitalism Nature Socialism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkel, Alan. 2014. “Perspective: Powering up Citations.” Nature 511 (7510): S77.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevens, Bjorn, and Graham Feingold. 2009. “Untangling Aerosol Effects on Clouds and Precipitation in a Buffered System.” Nature 461 (7264): 607–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Romero, Roberto, Sudhansu K. Dey, and Susan J. Fisher. 2014. “Preterm Labor: One Syndrome, Many Causes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6198): 760–765.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Carpenter, S. R., J. J. Cole, M. L. Pace, R. Batt, W. A. Brock, T. Cline, J. Coloso, et al. 2011. “Early Warnings of Regime Shifts: A Whole-Ecosystem Experiment.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6033): 1079–1082.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mamishev, Alexander, and Sean Williams. 2010. Technical Writing for Teams. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Castano, Victor. 2015. Resilient Computer System Design. Edited by Igor Schagaev. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kiang, Tony K. L., Kyle John Wilby, and Mary H. H. Ensom. 2016. “Clinical Drug-Drug Interaction Data: Effects of Co-Administered Drugs on Pharmacokinetics of Antiretroviral Agents.” In Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Drug Interactions Associated with Antiretroviral Drugs, edited by Tony K. L. Kiang, Kyle John Wilby, and Mary H. H. Ensom, 43–78. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Capitalism Nature Socialism.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Treasure Trove Of Fossilized Dinosaur Eggs Discovered By Road Workers In China.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Planning and Flexibility Are Key to Effectively Deploying Broadband Conduit through Federal Highway Projects. GAO-12-687R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patrick, Nancy S. 2010. “Employees’ Perceptions of Employers’ Response After Workplace Injury.” Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Sean. 1995. “Mighty Joe Mishbooker.” New York Times, November 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkel 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Finkel 2014; Stevens and Feingold 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevens and Feingold 2009)
  • Three authors: (Romero, Dey, and Fisher 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Carpenter et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleCapitalism Nature Socialism
AbbreviationCapital. Nat. Social.
ISSN (print)1045-5752
ISSN (online)1548-3290
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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