How to format your references using the Capitalism Nature Socialism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Capitalism Nature Socialism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ho, Ching-Hwa. 2014. “Amorphous Effect on the Advancing of Wide-Range Absorption and Structural-Phase Transition in γ-In2Se3 Polycrystalline Layers.” Scientific Reports 4 (April): 4764.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gudmundsson, Agust, and Nahid Mohajeri. 2013. “Entropy and Order in Urban Street Networks.” Scientific Reports 3 (November): 3324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Chi, C. T. Chan, and Xinhua Hu. 2014. “Broadband Focusing and Collimation of Water Waves by Zero Refractive Index.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 6979.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schwechheimer, C., G. Serino, J. Callis, W. L. Crosby, S. Lyapina, R. J. Deshaies, W. M. Gray, M. Estelle, and X. W. Deng. 2001. “Interactions of the COP9 Signalosome with the E3 Ubiquitin Ligase SCFTIRI in Mediating Auxin Response.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5520): 1379–1382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brook, Mark V. 2011. Ultrasonic Inspection Technology Development and Search Unit Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Upreti, Dalip Kumar, Pradeep K. Divakar, Vertika Shukla, and Rajesh Bajpai, eds. 2015. Recent Advances in Lichenology: Modern Methods and Approaches in Lichen Systematics and Culture Techniques, Volume 2. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghizzardi, S., S. Molendi, M. Rossetti, and A. Leccardi. 2007. “Cold Fronts in Cool Core Clusters.” In Heating versus Cooling in Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies: Proceedings of the MPA/ESO/MPE/USM Joint Astronomy Conference Held in Garching, Germany, 6-11 August 2006, edited by H. Böhringer, G. W. Pratt, A. Finoguenov, and P. Schuecker, 33–38. Eso Astrophysics Symposia. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Capitalism Nature Socialism.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Why Indonesia Can’t Stamp Out Fires That Have Cast A Haze Over South-East Asia.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Follow-up Review on Assistance to War Victims in Vietnam. B-133001. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best, Marguerita L. 2013. “Assistant Principals and Reform: A Socialization Paradox?” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rao, Prashant S., and Mike Isaac. 2017. “Uber, Lamenting Cost of ‘Bad Reputation,’ Loses London License.” New York Times, September 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ho 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ho 2014; Gudmundsson and Mohajeri 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gudmundsson and Mohajeri 2013)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Chan, and Hu 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Schwechheimer et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCapitalism Nature Socialism
AbbreviationCapital. Nat. Social.
ISSN (print)1045-5752
ISSN (online)1548-3290
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles