How to format your references using the Capitalism Nature Socialism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Capitalism Nature Socialism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sommer, Morten O. A. 2014. “Microbiology: Barriers to the Spread of Resistance.” Nature 509 (7502): 567–568.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martienssen, R. A., and V. Colot. 2001. “DNA Methylation and Epigenetic Inheritance in Plants and Filamentous Fungi.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5532): 1070–1074.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rafkin, Scot C. R., Magdalena R. V. Sta Maria, and Timothy I. Michaels. 2002. “Simulation of the Atmospheric Thermal Circulation of a Martian Volcano Using a Mesoscale Numerical Model.” Nature 419 (6908): 697–699.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, Xiyu, Jingxian Zhu, Zhentao Man, Yingfang Ao, and Haifeng Chen. 2014. “Investigation on the Structure and Upconversion Fluorescence of Yb3+/Ho3+ Co-Doped Fluorapatite Crystals for Potential Biomedical Applications.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marsh, Nick. 2014. Forensic Photography. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kearney, Alison, ed. 2011. Exclusion from and Within School: Issues and Solutions. Vol. 14. Studies In Inclusive Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Ray, Manas C. 2016. “Smart Fuzzy Fiber-Reinforced Piezoelectric Composites.” In Advances in Nanocomposites: Modeling, Characterization and Applications, edited by Shaker A. Meguid, 127–150. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Capitalism Nature Socialism.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Researchers Identify Two New Genetic Variants Linked To Increased Breast Cancer Risk.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. The Impact of Federal Commodity Donations on the School Lunch Program. CED-77-32. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taaz, Zoya. 2017. “Boiler Automation and Monitoring of Temperature and Steam Flow Using Simulink.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robinson, Linda. 2011. “By the Banks of the Tigris.” New York Times, January 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sommer 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sommer 2014; Martienssen and Colot 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martienssen and Colot 2001)
  • Three authors: (Rafkin, Sta Maria, and Michaels 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCapitalism Nature Socialism
AbbreviationCapital. Nat. Social.
ISSN (print)1045-5752
ISSN (online)1548-3290
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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