How to format your references using the Capitalism Nature Socialism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Capitalism Nature Socialism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diallinas, George. 2008. “Biochemistry. An Almost-Complete Movie.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5908): 1644–1645.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sillanpää, Mika A., and Pertti J. Hakonen. 2014. “Optomechanics: Hardware for a Quantum Network.” Nature 507 (7490): 45, 47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cymes, Gisela D., Ying Ni, and Claudio Grosman. 2005. “Probing Ion-Channel Pores One Proton at a Time.” Nature 438 (7070): 975–980.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shigenobu, Yuya, Ken Fujimoto, Daisuke Ambe, Hideki Kaeriyama, Tsuneo Ono, Kenji Morinaga, Kaoru Nakata, Takami Morita, and Tomowo Watanabe. 2014. “Radiocesium Contamination of Greenlings (Hexagrammos Otakii) off the Coast of Fukushima.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen, Steen. 2005. Cancer Diagnostics with DNA Microarrays. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hooper, Lisa M. 2014. Models of Psychopathology: Generational Processes and Relational Roles. Edited by Luciano L’Abate, Laura G. Sweeney, Giovanna Gianesini, and Peter J. Jankowski. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Molina, Guillermo Adrián. 2008. “Huemul – A Smalltalk Implementation.” In Self-Sustaining Systems: First Workshop, S3 2008 Potsdam, Germany, May 15-16, 2008 Revised Selected Papers, edited by Robert Hirschfeld and Kim Rose, 54–73. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Capitalism Nature Socialism.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Breaking News: DRACULA Found On Mars.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. NASA: Choices and Challenges. 146026. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galan, Maribel. 2012. “Educational Practices to Support Homeless Students.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “For the Fierce Of Foot.” New York Times, September 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diallinas 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Diallinas 2008; Sillanpää and Hakonen 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sillanpää and Hakonen 2014)
  • Three authors: (Cymes, Ni, and Grosman 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shigenobu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCapitalism Nature Socialism
AbbreviationCapital. Nat. Social.
ISSN (print)1045-5752
ISSN (online)1548-3290
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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