How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sultan F. Analysis of mammalian brain architecture. Nature. 2002 Jan 10;415(6868):133–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li J, Nam KH. Regulation of brassinosteroid signaling by a GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase. Science. 2002 Feb 15;295(5558):1299–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu A, Ding C, Tian Y. A two-photon ratiometric fluorescence probe for cupric ions in live cells and tissues. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 14;3:2933.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Petersen TH, Calle EA, Zhao L, Lee EJ, Gui L, Raredon MB, et al. Tissue-engineered lungs for in vivo implantation. Science. 2010 Jul 30;329(5991):538–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Callahan KR, Stetz GS, Brooks LM. Project Management Accounting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Onori S. Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Energy Management Strategies. 1st ed. 2016. Serrao L, Rizzoni G, editors. London: Springer; 2016. XV, 112 p. 71 illus., 3 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering).
A chapter in an edited book
Yang M, Yang Y. Network Coding in Application Layer Multicast. In: Qin Y, editor. Network Coding at Different Layers in Wireless Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 117–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Enormous Centipede Spotted in Texas [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology: Managing the Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jun. Report No.: RCED-88-27.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris R. Stone circles and sandplay therapy: The language of symbols [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Russian Who Killed Chechen May Get a Pardon. New York Times. 2004 Sep 18;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Res. Ther.
ISSN (print)0973-1482
ISSN (online)1998-4138
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles