How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Maxmen A. The hard facts. Nature. 2012;485(7400):S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kempermann G, Neumann H. Neuroscience. Microglia: the enemy within? Science. 2003;302(5651):1689-1690.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Morris RJ, Lewis OT, Godfray HCJ. Experimental evidence for apparent competition in a tropical forest food web. Nature. 2004;428(6980):310-313.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Aizenberg J, Weaver JC, Thanawala MS, Sundar VC, Morse DE, Fratzl P. Skeleton of Euplectella sp.: structural hierarchy from the nanoscale to the macroscale. Science. 2005;309(5732):275-278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vettese F. The Essential Retirement Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Love PB, Kundu RV, eds. Clinical Cases in Skin of Color: Adnexal, Inflammation, Infections, and Pigmentary Disorders. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lin D. On “One-Continuity” in Jiang Qing’s Confucian Thought. In: Fan R, ed. The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China. Philosophical Studies in Contemporary Culture. Springer Netherlands; 2011:47-54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Research and Practice.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Kepler Space Telescope Discovers More Potentially Habitable Planets. IFLScience. Published November 5, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/kepler-space-telescope-discovers-more-potentially-habitable-planets/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal-Aid Highways: Cost and Oversight of Major Highway and Bridge Projects--Issues and Options. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fouts J. A Mental Health Outreach Program for Adolescent Gang Members and At-Risk Youth: A Grant Writing Project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dominus S. Double Lives. New York Times. July 9, 2015:MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Research and Practice
AbbreviationJ. Canc. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)2311-3006
Scope

Other styles