How to format your references using the Journal of Bridge Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bridge Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dicks, L. 2013. “Bees, lies and evidence-based policy.” Nature, 494 (7437): 283.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paterson, I., and E. A. Anderson. 2005. “Chemistry. The renaissance of natural products as drug candidates.” Science, 310 (5747): 451–453.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Doorn, G. S., P. Edelaar, and F. J. Weissing. 2009. “On the origin of species by natural and sexual selection.” Science, 326 (5960): 1704–1707.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gedney, N., P. M. Cox, R. A. Betts, O. Boucher, C. Huntingford, and P. A. Stott. 2006. “Detection of a direct carbon dioxide effect in continental river runoff records.” Nature, 439 (7078): 835–838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ehrlich, E., and D. Fanelli. 2012. The Financial Services Marketing Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cartwright, W., M. P. Peterson, and G. Gartner (Eds.). 2007. Multimedia Cartography. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
DeFrances, M. C. 2010. “Molecular Mechanisms of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Insights to Therapy.” Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment, B. I. Carr, ed., 109–130. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bridge Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2017. “Ancient Pottery Reveals Sudden Drop In Strength Of Earth’s Magnetic Field.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Secure Flight: TSA Should Take Additional Steps to Determine Program Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Usborne, E. L. 2012. “Sediment and phosphorus dynamics behind weirs in agricultural drainage ditches.” Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kramer, A. E. 2015. “Remembering Slain Critic of Putin, Tens of Thousands March in Moscow.” New York Times, March 2, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dicks 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Dicks 2013; Paterson and Anderson 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paterson and Anderson 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gedney et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bridge Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Bridge Eng.
ISSN (print)1084-0702
ISSN (online)1943-5592
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

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