How to format your references using the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (JBMR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mackay TFC. Genetics. A-maize-ing diversity. Science. 2009 Aug 7;325(5941):688–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Williams DA, Baum C. Medicine. Gene therapy--new challenges ahead. Science. 2003 Oct 17;302(5644):400–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bahmani B, Bacon D, Anvari B. Erythrocyte-derived photo-theranostic agents: hybrid nano-vesicles containing indocyanine green for near infrared imaging and therapeutic applications. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2180.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Nielsen PR, Nietlispach D, Mott HR, Callaghan J, Bannister A, Kouzarides T, Murzin AG, Murzina NV, Laue ED. Structure of the HP1 chromodomain bound to histone H3 methylated at lysine 9. Nature. 2002 Mar 7;416(6876):103–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gilhus NE, Barnes MP, Brainin M. European Handbook of Neurological Management. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Barahona P, Bry F, Franconi E, Henze N, Sattler U, editors. Reasoning Web: Second International Summer School 2006, Lisbon, Portugal, September 4-8, 2006, Tutorial Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wu B, Sy SKB, Derendorf H. Principles of Applied Pharmacokinetic–Pharmacodynamic Modeling. In: Vinks AA, Derendorf H, Mouton JW, editors. Fundamentals of Antimicrobial Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Graphene Light Detector Could Lead To Heat Vision Contact Lenses [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/graphene-light-detector-could-lead-heat-vision-contact-lenses/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Need To Improve Management of ACDA’s Automatic Data Processing and Operations Analysis Functions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Sep. Report No.: NSIAD-83-66.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pettengill JB. Elucidating the macro- and micro-evolutionary relationships of the federally listed endangered species Agalinis acuta (Orobanchaceae) [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Bilefsky D. Royal Retirement at 95 Halts Frenzied Rumors. New York Times. 2017 May 4;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
AbbreviationJ. Bone Miner. Res.
ISSN (print)0884-0431
ISSN (online)1523-4681
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles