How to format your references using the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (JBMR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wentrup C. Chemistry. Fleeting molecules extend their stay. Science. 2001 Jun 8;292(5523):1846–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lauder JM, Oppenheim R. Obituary. Viktor Hamburger (1900-2001). Nature. 2001 Aug 2;412(6846):496.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dame RT, Noom MC, Wuite GJL. Bacterial chromatin organization by H-NS protein unravelled using dual DNA manipulation. Nature. 2006 Nov 16;444(7117):387–90.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Yen TJ, Padilla WJ, Fang N, Vier DC, Smith DR, Pendry JB, Basov DN, Zhang X. Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials. Science. 2004 Mar 5;303(5663):1494–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Eric G. F, Yvonne R. Growing Pains. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Zaraté P, Kersten GE, Hernández JE, editors. Group Decision and Negotiation. A Process-Oriented View: Joint INFORMS-GDN and EWG-DSS International Conference, GDN 2014, Toulouse, France, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Javed O, Shah M. Tracking in Multiple Cameras with Disjoint Views. In: Shah M, editor. Automated Multi-Camera Surveillance: Algorithms and Practice. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008. p. 1–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Beyond Dinosaurs, What Would We Need To Create A Jurassic World? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/beyond-dinosaurs-what-would-we-need-create-jurassic-world/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Sustained Attention Needed to Improve Education’s Oversight of Grant Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 May. Report No.: GAO-10-659T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Vado PF. Foster Care Independence Act of 1999: A policy analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Harris K. Commuter Wear. New York Times. 2017 Sep 26;ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
AbbreviationJ. Bone Miner. Res.
ISSN (print)0884-0431
ISSN (online)1523-4681
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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