How to format your references using the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (JBMR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
van Swinderen B. Attention-like processes in Drosophila require short-term memory genes. Science. 2007 Mar 16;315(5818):1590–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Blake GA, Bergin EA. Planetary science: Prebiotic chemistry on the rocks. Nature. 2015 Apr 9;520(7546):161–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Agrawal AF, Brodie ED 3rd, Brown J. Parent-offspring coadaptation and the dual genetic control of maternal care. Science. 2001 Jun 1;292(5522):1710–2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Hajkova P, Ancelin K, Waldmann T, Lacoste N, Lange UC, Cesari F, Lee C, Almouzni G, Schneider R, Surani MA. Chromatin dynamics during epigenetic reprogramming in the mouse germ line. Nature. 2008 Apr 17;452(7189):877–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zhang W, Wan M. Milling Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Syme D. Expert F# 3.0. Granicz A, Cisternino A, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Douglas K, Poletti A. The Riot Grrrl Epistolarium. In: Poletti A, editor. Life Narratives and Youth Culture: Representation, Agency and Participation. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 121–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Incredible Ice Ring Spotted In Young Planetary System [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/incredible-ice-ring-spotted-in-young-planetary-system/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Highway Financing: Factors Affecting Highway Trust Fund Revenues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 May. Report No.: GAO-02-667T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Harris RH. Comparing the Effects of Traditional Face-to-face, Technology-Based, and Blended Instructional Strategies in a Post-Secondary Spanish Language Learning Environment [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J, Kovaleski SF. Actor’s Past Surfaces in Prosecutors’ Investigation of Penn State. New York Times. 2016 Oct 28;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
AbbreviationJ. Bone Miner. Res.
ISSN (print)0884-0431
ISSN (online)1523-4681
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles