How to format your references using the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (JBMR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferry G. The making of an exceptional scientist. Nature. 2010 Apr 29;464(7293):1268–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marquis M, Tans P. Climate change. Carbon crucible. Science. 2008 Apr 25;320(5875):460–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rougier GW, Apesteguía S, Gaetano LC. Highly specialized mammalian skulls from the Late Cretaceous of South America. Nature. 2011 Nov 2;479(7371):98–102.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pfund C, Maidl Pribbenow C, Branchaw J, Miller Lauffer S, Handelsman J. Professional skills. The merits of training mentors. Science. 2006 Jan 27;311(5760):473–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perini K, Sabbion P. Urban Sustainability and River Restoration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Gerats T, Strommer J, editors. Petunia: Evolutionary, Developmental and Physiological Genetics. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Tongying P, Zhukovskyi M, Kuno M. Synthesis and Application of Solution-Based II–VI and IV–VI Semiconductor Nanowires. In: Li Q, editor. Anisotropic Nanomaterials: Preparation, Properties, and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 119–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Single Atom Detected With High-Powered MRI [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Cable Television and a Regulatory Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jul. Report No.: CED-76-124.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corral E. Latino undocumented students in Los Angeles: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Obama Is President, but Football Is King. New York Times. 2011 Sep 8;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
AbbreviationJ. Bone Miner. Res.
ISSN (print)0884-0431
ISSN (online)1523-4681
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles