How to format your references using the Journal of Biorheology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biorheology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schimel D. Ecology. Climate change and crop yields: beyond Cassandra. Science. 2006;312:1889–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Volz J, Rauschenbeutel A. Applied physics. Triggering an optical transistor with one photon. Science. 2013;341:725–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Basile-Doelsch I, Meunier JD, Parron C. Another continental pool in the terrestrial silicon cycle. Nature. 2005;433:399–402.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Vita H, Böttcher S, Horn K, Voloshina EN, Ovcharenko RE, Kampen T, et al. Understanding the origin of band gap formation in graphene on metals: graphene on Cu/Ir(111). Sci Rep. 2014;4:5704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Purkis S, Klemas V. Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Zourob M, Lakhtakia A, editors. Optical Guided-wave Chemical and Biosensors I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Armoni M, Benaya T, Ginat D, Zur E. Didactics of Introduction to Computer Science in High School. In: Hromkovič J, Královič R, Vahrenhold J, editors. Teaching Fundamentals Concepts of Informatics: 4th International Conference on Informatics in Secondary Schools - Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2010, Zurich, Switzerland, January 13-15, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 36–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biorheology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Astronomers Capture A Rare Wolf-Rayet Star Just Hours After It Dramatically Explodes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Electromagnetic Interference with Medical Devices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Mar. Report No.: RCED-95-96R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Aiken J. Virtually a leader: Mitigating process losses through shared team states [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. St. John Kelly E. Songs for Children That Won’t Make the Adults Fwow Up. New York Times. 2000 Jul 9;143.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biorheology
ISSN (print)1867-0466
ISSN (online)1867-0474

Other styles