How to format your references using the Journal of Biorheology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biorheology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Jenkins A. Graduate journal: a tough challenge. Nature. 2004;427:378.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Temmerman S, Kirwan ML. NATURAL HAZARDS. Building land with a rising sea. Science. 2015;349:588–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Verhagen JH, Herfst S, Fouchier RAM. Infectious disease. How a virus travels the world. Science. 2015;347:616–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chen H, Wang Z, Zhang R, Wang H, Lin S, Yu F, et al. A meta-substrate to enhance the bandwidth of metamaterials. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rowlinson M. A Practical Guide to the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Shetty NR, Prasad NH, Nalini N, editors. Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications: ERCICA 2015, Volume 3. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Alpuente M, Ballis D, Frechina F, Romero D. Julienne: A Trace Slicer for Conditional Rewrite Theories. In: Giannakopoulou D, Méry D, editors. FM 2012: Formal Methods: 18th International Symposium, Paris, France, August 27-31, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 28–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biorheology.

Blog post
1. Evans K. 13 “Health” Foods You’re Better Off Avoiding [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Award of an Army Advanced Development Contract in 1971 to the Boeing Company Calling for the Design Fabrication and Testing of Certain Critical Advanced Technology Components. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Dec. Report No.: B-176701.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Taboada-Peña R. A Self-Empowering Holistic Art-Based Model Designed to Promote Emotional Well-Being, Coping Skills, and Self-Esteem in Youth [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rojas R, Mueller B. Conflicting Accounts Emerge on What Set Off Deadly Violence at Upstate Church. New York Times. 2015 Oct 16;A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biorheology
ISSN (print)1867-0466
ISSN (online)1867-0474

Other styles