How to format your references using the Journal of Bioeconomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bioeconomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bürgmann, R. (2015). GEOPHYSICS. Weak subduction makes great quakes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6253), 1162–1163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohta, A., & Sitkovsky, M. (2001). Role of G-protein-coupled adenosine receptors in downregulation of inflammation and protection from tissue damage. Nature, 414(6866), 916–920.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, R. R., Deletic, A., & Wong, T. H. F. (2015). Interdisciplinarity: How to catalyse collaboration. Nature, 525(7569), 315–317.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mecchia, M. A., Santos-Fernandez, G., Duss, N. N., Somoza, S. C., Boisson-Dernier, A., Gagliardini, V., et al. (2017). RALF4/19 peptides interact with LRX proteins to control pollen tube growth in Arabidopsis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 358(6370), 1600–1603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kovalev, V. A. (2015). Solutions in Lidar Profiling of the Atmosphere. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jakeman, A. J., Barreteau, O., Hunt, R. J., Rinaudo, J.-D., & Ross, A. (Eds.). (2016). Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nicholson, W. J. (2016). Specific Basic Techniques to Master in CTO PCI. In S. Rinfret (Ed.), Percutaneous Intervention for Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion: The Hybrid Approach (pp. 33–41). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bioeconomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 31). What Is The Largest Known Object In The Universe? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Actions Taken or Needed To Curb Widespread Abuse of the Citizens Band Radio Service (No. GGD-75-88). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts, M. (2017). Use of Stay Interviews as a Retention Tool for Key Talent (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, April 29). With All-Out Effort, Penguins’ Fleury Is Enjoying Postseason Success. New York Times, p. D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bürgmann 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bürgmann 2015; Ohta and Sitkovsky 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ohta and Sitkovsky 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mecchia et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bioeconomics
AbbreviationJ. Bioecon.
ISSN (print)1387-6996
ISSN (online)1573-6989
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles