How to format your references using the Journal of Bioeconomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bioeconomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Humphries, C. (2014). Sex differences: Luck of the chromosomes. Nature, 516(7529), S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meyer, J. R., & Kassen, R. (2007). The effects of competition and predation on diversification in a model adaptive radiation. Nature, 446(7134), 432–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Innocenti, P., Morrow, E. H., & Dowling, D. K. (2011). Experimental evidence supports a sex-specific selective sieve in mitochondrial genome evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6031), 845–848.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yokouchi, Y., Noijiri, Y., Barrie, L. A., Toom-Sauntry, D., Machida, T., Inuzuka, Y., et al. (2000). A strong source of methyl chloride to the atmosphere from tropical coastal land. Nature, 403(6767), 295–298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Basset, P., Blokhina, E., & Galayko, D. (2016). Electrostatic Kinetic Energy Harvesting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tamaki, N., & Kuge, Y. (Eds.). (2010). Molecular Imaging for Integrated Medical Therapy and Drug Development. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Fukuda, S. (2015). Human Centered Industry. In S. Fukuda (Ed.), Emotional Engineering (Vol. 3) (pp. 39–54). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bioeconomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 15). What Happens When You Saw A Rubber Band Ball in Half? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Race to the Top: Education Could Better Support Grantees and Help Them Address Capacity Challenges (No. GAO-15-295). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tercero, N. (2010). Characterization and application of morpholino monolayers in nucleic acid diagnostics (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B. (2015, February 4). Despite Recalls, G.M. Pays Workers Big Bonus. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Humphries 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Humphries 2014; Meyer and Kassen 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meyer and Kassen 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Yokouchi et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bioeconomics
AbbreviationJ. Bioecon.
ISSN (print)1387-6996
ISSN (online)1573-6989
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles