How to format your references using the Journal of Bioeconomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bioeconomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rakic, P. (2004). Neuroscience. Genetic control of cortical convolutions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1983–1984.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scully, M. O., & Svidzinsky, A. A. (2010). Physics. The Lamb shift--yesterday, today, and tomorrow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5983), 1239–1241.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhn, J. R., Emilio, M., & Bush, R. (2009). Comment on “A large excess in apparent solar oblateness due to surface magnetism.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5931), 1143; author reply 1143.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kovalchuk, O., Dubrova, Y. E., Arkhipov, A., Hohn, B., & Kovalchuk, I. (2000). Wheat mutation rate after Chernobyl. Nature, 407(6804), 583–584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rios Insua, D., Ruggeri, F., & Wiper, M. P. (2012). Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models: Ruggeri/Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zlatic, V., & Hewson, A. (Eds.). (2013). New Materials for Thermoelectric Applications: Theory and Experiment. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, X., Li, H., & Xia, Z. (2015). Chlamydia pneumoniae Pneumonia. In H. Li (Ed.), Radiology of Infectious Diseases: Volume 2 (pp. 69–74). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bioeconomics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, August 26). We’re About To See Jupiter’s Poles In Detail For The First Time Ever. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Direct Student Loans Could Save Money and Simplify Program Administration (No. T-HRD-92-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sikorsky, A. A. (2014). Concentration enhancement and device fabrication for the improved performance of gradient elution moving boundary electrophoresis (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nechepurenko, I. (2017, April 20). Kremlin Group Viewed As a Propaganda Mill. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rakic 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Rakic 2004; Scully and Svidzinsky 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scully and Svidzinsky 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kovalchuk et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bioeconomics
AbbreviationJ. Bioecon.
ISSN (print)1387-6996
ISSN (online)1573-6989
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Geography, Planning and Development

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