How to format your references using the Journal of Bioeconomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bioeconomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Funk, C. (2011). We thought trouble was coming. Nature, 476(7358), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gasteiger, H. A., & Marković, N. M. (2009). Chemistry. Just a dream--or future reality? Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5923), 48–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, W., Dunkle, J. A., & Cate, J. H. D. (2009). Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5943), 1014–1017.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yasmin, H., Kabashima, T., Rahman, M. S., Shibata, T., & Kai, M. (2014). Amplified and selective assay of collagens by enzymatic and fluorescent reactions. Scientific reports, 4, 4950.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pollak, P. (2011). Fine Chemicals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gómez, L., Horno-Delgado, A., Long, M. K., & Silleras-Fernández, N. (Eds.). (2015). Teaching Gender through Latin American, Latino, and Iberian Texts and Cultures. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Basile, R. (2010). Labour Productivity Polarization Across Western European Regions: Threshold Effects Versus Neighbourhood Effects. In F. E. Caroleo & F. Pastore (Eds.), The Labour Market Impact of the EU Enlargement: A New Regional Geography of Europe? (pp. 75–97). Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bioeconomics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, February 1). This Is What Andromeda Would Look Like At Night If It Were Brighter. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Reorganization of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Western Test Range at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California (No. FPCD-77-65). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, A. P. (2013). The Leadership Potential of School Librarians (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, January 16). Friday File. New York Times, p. C36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Funk 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Funk 2011; Gasteiger and Marković 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gasteiger and Marković 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yasmin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bioeconomics
AbbreviationJ. Bioecon.
ISSN (print)1387-6996
ISSN (online)1573-6989
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Geography, Planning and Development

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