How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2013). Halt the avalanche of performance metrics. Nature, 500(7462), 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nelson, D. L., & Gibbs, R. A. (2004). Genetics. The critical region in trisomy 21. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5696), 619–621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bertotti, B., Iess, L., & Tortora, P. (2003). A test of general relativity using radio links with the Cassini spacecraft. Nature, 425(6956), 374–376.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Arz, H. W., Lamy, F., Pätzold, J., Muller, P. J., & Prins, M. (2003). Mediterranean moisture source for an early-Holocene humid period in the northern Red Sea. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 118–121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman, N. P. (2010). Process Engineering for a Small Planet. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bigerna, S. (2015). The Sustainability of Renewable Energy in Europe. (C. A. Bollino & S. Micheli, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pedersen, A. (2016). Frameworks for Tourism as a Development Strategy. In S. F. McCool & K. Bosak (Eds.), Reframing Sustainable Tourism (pp. 47–63). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, August 29). Do Fetuses Poop Inside The Womb? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Performance and Accountability: Challenges Facing the Department of Transportation (No. GAO-01-443T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, S. M. (2008). Content Assessment in Intelligent Computer-Aided Language Learning: Meaning Error Diagnosis for English as a Second Language (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014, July 31). Wozniacki Is Lining Up for New York Marathon. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2013; Nelson and Gibbs 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nelson and Gibbs 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Arz et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0160-7715
ISSN (online)1573-3521
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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