How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2010). Taste: More than meets the mouth. Nature, 468(7327), S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hilf, R. J. C., & Dutzler, R. (2008). X-ray structure of a prokaryotic pentameric ligand-gated ion channel. Nature, 452(7185), 375–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaina, N., Fink, M., & Lerosey, G. (2013). Composite media mixing Bragg and local resonances for highly attenuating and broad bandgaps. Scientific reports, 3, 3240.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sweere, U., Eichenberg, K., Lohrmann, J., Mira-Rodado, V., Bäurle, I., Kudla, J., et al. (2001). Interaction of the response regulator ARR4 with phytochrome B in modulating red light signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5544), 1108–1111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perera, A. H., & Buse, L. J. (2014). Ecology of Wildfire Residuals in Boreal Forests. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Russo, J. (2013). Role of the Transcriptome in Breast Cancer Prevention. (I. H. Russo, Ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Britto, M. R., & Sarapa, N. (2016). Clinical QTc Assessment in Oncology. In P. L. Bonate & D. R. Howard (Eds.), Pharmacokinetics in Drug Development: Problems and Challenges in Oncology, Volume 4 (pp. 77–106). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 30). Scientists Found A New Way To Test Relativity Using Stars And A Supermassive Black Hole. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Drug Abuse Control Program Activities in the Philippines (No. B-164031(2)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marcus, J. (2012). Voices of survival: Opera in Theresienstadt (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, October 15). A Hidden Hero Brought to Light. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein 2010; Hilf and Dutzler 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hilf and Dutzler 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sweere et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0160-7715
ISSN (online)1573-3521
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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