How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman, C. R. (2013). Astronomy. Calibrating asteroid impact. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6162), 1051–1052.
A journal article with 2 authors
Csete, M. E., & Doyle, J. C. (2002). Reverse engineering of biological complexity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5560), 1664–1669.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verma, T., Araújo, N. A. M., & Herrmann, H. J. (2014). Revealing the structure of the world airline network. Scientific reports, 4, 5638.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Slotow, R., van Dyk, G., Poole, J., Page, B., & Klocke, A. (2000). Older bull elephants control young males. Nature, 408(6811), 425–426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierce, D. R. (2013). Project Scheduling and Management for Construction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Thomas, K. (2008). Beginning Ubuntu Linux. (J. Sicam, Ed.) (Third Edition.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Stanley, J. (2016). A Future Not So Golden: Liberalization, Mechanization and Conflict in Arni’s Gold Ornaments Cluster. In B. Harriss-White (Ed.), Middle India and Urban-Rural Development: Four Decades of Change (pp. 131–150). New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, March 4). Amazing Photographs & Video Of Snake Devouring Crocodile. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Telecommunications: Federal Communications Commission Spectrum Management (No. RCED-89-62). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sheah, J. (2015). Reading Dreams: Representation of Dreams Through Artists’ Books (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nagourney, A., & Shear, M. D. (2017, July 3). Call From California: President Trump, Where Are You? New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapman 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Chapman 2013; Csete and Doyle 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Csete and Doyle 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Slotow et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0160-7715
ISSN (online)1573-3521
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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