How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eicken, H. (2013). Arctic sea ice needs better forecasts. Nature, 497(7450), 431–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Larsen, P. L., & Clarke, C. F. (2002). Extension of life-span in Caenorhabditis elegans by a diet lacking coenzyme Q. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 120–123.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hellweger, F. L., van Sebille, E., & Fredrick, N. D. (2014). Biogeographic patterns in ocean microbes emerge in a neutral agent-based model. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6202), 1346–1349.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mook, H. A., Dai, P., Dogan, F., & Hunt, R. D. (2000). One-dimensional nature of the magnetic fluctuations in YBa2Cu3O6.6. Nature, 404(6779), 729–731.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell, L. C. R., Hodgetts, C. T. J., Mahoney, C. P. F., & Castle, N. (2010). Disaster Rules. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Satchell, S. (Ed.). (2016). Asset Management: Portfolio Construction, Performance and Returns. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Martos, B., & Kornai, J. (2011). Experiments in Hungary with Industry-Wide and Economy-Wide Programming. In B. de Finetti (Ed.), Mathematical Optimiation in Economics (pp. 165–192). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, May 12). Check Out This Amazing Footage Of Blue Origin’s Rocket Landing From Space. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). GAO’s Views on the Default Task Force’s Recommendations for Reducing Default Costs in the Guaranteed Student Loan Program (No. T-HRD-88-7). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cornejo, V. M. (2010). Teachers’ perceptions about promoting mental health in the classroom (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, April 7). Puerto Rico Passes Bill Allowing It to Declare a Moratorium on Its Debt. New York Times, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eicken 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Eicken 2013; Larsen and Clarke 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Larsen and Clarke 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Mook et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0160-7715
ISSN (online)1573-3521
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

Other styles