How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R. (2002). Interaction required. Nature, 415(6870), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brennan, P. A., & Zufall, F. (2006). Pheromonal communication in vertebrates. Nature, 444(7117), 308–315.
A journal article with 3 authors
Steinacher, M., Joos, F., & Stocker, T. F. (2013). Allowable carbon emissions lowered by multiple climate targets. Nature, 499(7457), 197–201.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huang, J. Y., Zhong, L., Wang, C. M., Sullivan, J. P., Xu, W., Zhang, L. Q., et al. (2010). In situ observation of the electrochemical lithiation of a single SnO₂ nanowire electrode. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6010), 1515–1520.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albright, R. D. (2013). Death of the Chesapeake. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Crespi Reghizzi, S. (2013). Formal Languages and Compilation. (L. Breveglieri & A. Morzenti, Eds.) (2nd ed. 2013.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Qiu, X., Zhou, J., & Huang, X. (2011). An Effective Feature Selection Method for Text Categorization. In J. Z. Huang, L. Cao, & J. Srivastava (Eds.), Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 15th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2011, Shenzhen, China, May 24-27, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 50–61). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, August 1). Zika-Carrying Mosquitoes Have Arrived In The United States. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Citizenship and Residency Requirements for Government Student Loans (No. FGMSD-80-25). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Topdemir, C. M. (2010). School counselor accountability practices: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 28). Film Series. New York Times, p. C21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brennan and Zufall 2006; Triendl 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brennan and Zufall 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0160-7715
ISSN (online)1573-3521
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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