How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L. (2010). Protein-protein interactions: Real-time analysis. Nature, 468(7325), 854.
A journal article with 2 authors
Akiyama, T., & Gibson, M. C. (2015). Decapentaplegic and growth control in the developing Drosophila wing. Nature, 527(7578), 375–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ortega, F., Escaso, F., & Sanz, J. L. (2010). A bizarre, humped Carcharodontosauria (Theropoda) from the lower cretaceous of Spain. Nature, 467(7312), 203–206.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, Z., Feldman, L. C., Tolk, N. H., Zhang, Z., & Cohen, P. I. (2006). Desorption of H from Si(111) by resonant excitation of the Si-H vibrational stretch mode. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1024–1026.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bojar, R. M. (2010). Manual of Perioperative Care in Adult Cardiac Surgery. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Cuppens-Boulahia, N., Cuppens, F., Jajodia, S., Abou El Kalam, A., & Sans, T. (Eds.). (2014). ICT Systems Security and Privacy Protection: 29th IFIP TC 11 International Conference, SEC 2014, Marrakech, Morocco, June 2-4, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 428). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Summers, J. A. (2014). The Sclera and Its Role in Regulation of the Refractive State. In R. F. Spaide, K. Ohno-Matsui, & L. A. Yannuzzi (Eds.), Pathologic Myopia (pp. 59–74). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 7). How The Bacteria In Our Gut Affect Our Cravings For Food. IFLScience. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-bacteria-our-gut-affect-our-cravings-food/. Accessed 30 October 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Aviation Research: Progress Has Been Made but Several Factors Will Affect Program Success (No. T-RCED-92-39). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sammons, J. L. (2012). Perceived benefits of and barriers to physical exercise in people with severe mental illness (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, December 22). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Apology Demanded For Latvian Insult. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Akiyama and Gibson 2015; Bonetta 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Akiyama and Gibson 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0160-7715
ISSN (online)1573-3521
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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