How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGill, B. J. (2006). Ecology. A renaissance in the study of abundance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 770–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pujolle-Robic, C., & Noirez, L. (2001). Observation of shear-induced nematic-isotropic transition in side-chain liquid crystal polymers. Nature, 409(6817), 167–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brooks, C. L., 3rd, Onuchic, J. N., & Wales, D. J. (2001). Statistical thermodynamics. Taking a walk on a landscape. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 612–613.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xie, F., Li, J., Tian, W., Li, Y., & Feng, J. (2014). Indo-Pacific warm pool area expansion, Modoki activity, and tropical cold-point tropopause temperature variations. Scientific reports, 4, 4552.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherrie, J. W., Howie, R. M., & Semple, S. (2010). Monitoring for Health Hazards at Work. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Pan, J.-S., Chen, S.-M., & Nguyen, N. T. (Eds.). (2010). Computational Collective Intelligence. Technologies and Applications: Second International Conference, ICCCI 2010, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, November 10-12, 2010, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 6422). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vendramin, L., Naldi, M. C., & Campello, R. J. G. B. (2015). Fuzzy Clustering Algorithms and Validity Indices for Distributed Data. In M. E. Celebi (Ed.), Partitional Clustering Algorithms (pp. 147–192). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, September 16). Astronomers Have Found “Light Echoes” Of Black Holes Feeding On Stars. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Mass Transit: Grants Management Oversight Improving, but Better Follow-up Needed on Grantees’ Noncompliance (No. RCED-98-89). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khaleghi, F. K. (2017). Evaluating Satisfaction of Participants within the Outreach and Engagement Program of MECCA (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2010, September 26). Motorcycle Derby. New York Times, p. ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGill 2006).
This sentence cites two references (McGill 2006; Pujolle-Robic and Noirez 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pujolle-Robic and Noirez 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Xie et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0160-7715
ISSN (online)1573-3521
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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