How to format your references using the Translational Metabolic Syndrome Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Metabolic Syndrome Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Albrecht M. Chemistry. Carbenes in action. Science. 2009;326(5952):532-533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Uchida M, Tonomura A. Generation of electron beams carrying orbital angular momentum. Nature. 2010;464(7289):737-739.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shubin N, Tabin C, Carroll S. Deep homology and the origins of evolutionary novelty. Nature. 2009;457(7231):818-823.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schunck CH, Shin Y, Schirotzek A, Zwierlein MW, Ketterle W. Pairing without superfluidity: the ground state of an imbalanced Fermi mixture. Science. 2007;316(5826):867-870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Battu D. New Telecom Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Klempous R, Nikodem J, eds. Innovative Technologies in Management and Science. Vol 10. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Mollenhorst G. Context Overlap and Multiplexity in Personal Relationships. In: Friemel TN, ed. Why Context Matters: Applications of Social Network Analysis. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften; 2008:55-77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Metabolic Syndrome Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Mantis Shrimp Use “Nature’s Sunscreen” To Tune UV Vision. IFLScience. Published July 7, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: DOT’s Implementation of Airline Regulatory Authority. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spralja KP. The intersections of culture and business: An ethnographic study of multicultural second generation young entrepreneurs. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Iceman Comes Out. New York Times. November 7, 2015:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Metabolic Syndrome Research
ISSN (print)2588-9303

Other styles