How to format your references using the Translational Metabolic Syndrome Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Metabolic Syndrome Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D. Cell signalling: making connections. Nature. 2004;432(7014):243-249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cruz A, Green BG. Thermal stimulation of taste. Nature. 2000;403(6772):889-892.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jonsson GE, Miljkovic V, Dmitriev A. Nanoplasmon-enabled macroscopic thermal management. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5111.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brayard A, Escarguel G, Bucher H, et al. Good genes and good luck: ammonoid diversity and the end-Permian mass extinction. Science. 2009;325(5944):1118-1121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Promislow SD. Fundamentals of Actuarial Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Dries L van D. Model Theory in Algebra, Analysis and Arithmetic: Cetraro, Italy 2012, Editors: H. Dugald Macpherson, Carlo Toffalori. Vol 2111. (Koenigsmann J, Macpherson HD, Pillay A, Toffalori C, Wilkie AJ, eds.). Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
De Cecco CN, Rengo M. D. In: Rengo M, ed. MDCT and MRI of the Heart. A-Z Notes in Radiological Practice and Reporting. Springer; 2014:39-45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Metabolic Syndrome Research.

Blog post
Davis J. Turning Street Lights Off At Night Had No Effect On The Number Of Road Accidents Or Crime Rate. IFLScience. Published July 30, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Issues Raised by Consolidation Proposals. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liggins J. Self-Concept Education as a Motivator of Life Effectiveness. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB. Profit or Loss. New York Times. April 24, 2017:BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Metabolic Syndrome Research
ISSN (print)2588-9303

Other styles