How to format your references using the Journal of Banking and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Banking and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nusse, R., 2015. Cell signalling: Disarming Wnt. Nature 519, 163–164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lecuit, T., Le Goff, L., 2007. Orchestrating size and shape during morphogenesis. Nature 450, 189–192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halter, W.E., Pettke, T., Heinrich, C.A., 2002. The origin of Cu/Au ratios in porphyry-type ore deposits. Science 296, 1844–1846.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ternes, M., Lutz, C.P., Hirjibehedin, C.F., Giessibl, F.J., Heinrich, A.J., 2008. The force needed to move an atom on a surface. Science 319, 1066–1069.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Early, W.F., II, 2010. Contractor and Client Relations to Assure Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yu, S., Guo, S. (Eds.), 2016. Big Data Concepts, Theories, and Applications, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Boriçi, A., 2005. Determinant and Order Statistics, in: Bori~i, A., Frommer, A., Joó, B., Kennedy, A., Pendleton, B. (Eds.), QCD and Numerical Analysis III: Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Numerical Analysis and Lattice QCD, Edinburgh June-July 2003, Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Banking and Finance.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Pandas’ Bamboo-Only Diet Should Kill Them [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Stock Market Automation: Exchanges Have Increased Systems’ Capacities Since the 1987 Market Crash (No. IMTEC-91-37). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhandari, S., 2017. The Role of System of Systems in Additive Manufacturing (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. Pension System Move May Squeeze Taxpayers. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nusse, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lecuit and Le Goff, 2007; Nusse, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lecuit and Le Goff, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Ternes et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Banking and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Bank. Financ.
ISSN (print)0378-4266
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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