How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sutcliffe, J.S., 2008. Genetics. Insights into the pathogenesis of autism. Science 321, 208–209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fenistein, D., Van Hecke, M., 2003. Kinematics: wide shear zones in granular bulk flow. Nature 425, 256.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acquisti, C., Kleffe, J., Collins, S., 2007. Oxygen content of transmembrane proteins over macroevolutionary time scales. Nature 445, 47–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Buffetaut, E., Suteethorn, V., Cuny, G., Tong, H., Le Loeuff, J., Khansubha, S., Jongautchariyakul, S., 2000. The earliest known sauropod dinosaur. Nature 407, 72–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Swatton, P.J., 2010. Principles of Flight for Pilots. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nowicka, M., Šerbedžija, V. (Eds.), 2016. Migration and Social Remittances in a Global Europe, Europe in a Global Context. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Field, W.E., Tormoehlen, R.L., 2006. Education and Training as Intervention Strategies, in: Lessenger, J.E. (Ed.), Agricultural Medicine: A Practical Guide. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 42–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Flies Evade Swatting With Fighter Jet-Like Maneuvering [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Acquisition of Automatic Data Processing Equipment at Federal Judicial Center (No. B-193861). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Falcone, J.N., 2017. For Pets’ Sake: Is There a Need for Dog Safety Community Education? (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowley, S., 2017. New York Attorney General Opens Inquiry on Student Debt. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sutcliffe, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fenistein and Van Hecke, 2003; Sutcliffe, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fenistein and Van Hecke, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Buffetaut et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Earth Sciences: X
ISSN (print)2590-0560

Other styles