How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chan, M.A., 2015. PLANETARY SCIENCE. The martian lake chronicles. Science 350, 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Garrett, S., Rosenthal, J.J.C., 2012. RNA editing underlies temperature adaptation in K+ channels from polar octopuses. Science 335, 848–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
Christodoulides, D.N., Lederer, F., Silberberg, Y., 2003. Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices. Nature 424, 817–823.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tapley, B.D., Bettadpur, S., Ries, J.C., Thompson, P.F., Watkins, M.M., 2004. GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system. Science 305, 503–505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P.I., 2005. Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and R/S-Plus®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Faraco, V. (Ed.), 2013. Lignocellulose Conversion: Enzymatic and Microbial Tools for Bioethanol Production. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chang, S., 2013. Laziness by Need, in: Felleisen, M., Gardner, P. (Eds.), Programming Languages and Systems: 22nd European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2013, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2013, Rome, Italy, March 16-24, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 81–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Gene Found That Harms Males, Not Females [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Mobile Device Location Data: Additional Federal Actions Could Help Protect Consumer Privacy (No. GAO-12-903). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreau, G.A., 2009. Touch and psychotherapy: A journey to the depths of the unconscious and back again (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lichtblau, E., 2015. Maryland Man Accused of Tapping Money From ISIS Operatives for a U.S. Attack. New York Times A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chan, 2015; Garrett and Rosenthal, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Garrett and Rosenthal, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Tapley et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Earth Sciences: X
ISSN (print)2590-0560

Other styles