How to format your references using the Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Blake D. Gaining medical momentum. Nature. 2004 Jun;429(6991 Suppl):19–23.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Tanaka HKM, Watanabe H. 6Li-loaded directionally sensitive anti-neutrino detector for possible geo-neutrinographic imaging applications. Sci Rep. 2014 Apr;4:4708.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Patkowski K, Spirko V, Szalewicz K. On the elusive twelfth vibrational state of beryllium dimer. Science. 2009 Dec;326(5958):1382–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Chung KKK, Thomas B, Li X, Pletnikova O, Troncoso JC, Marsh L, et al. S-nitrosylation of parkin regulates ubiquitination and compromises parkin’s protective function. Science. 2004 May;304(5675):1328–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bahgat G. Energy Security. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1
Huang T, Zeng Z, Li C, Leung CS, editors. Neural Information Processing: 19th International Conference, ICONIP 2012, Doha, Qatar, November 12-15, 2012, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Neubauer M. E-Learning Support for Business Process Modeling: Linking Modeling Language Concepts to General Modeling Concepts and Vice Versa. In: Stary C, editor. S-BPM ONE – Scientific Research: 4th International Conference, S-BPM ONE 2012, Vienna, Austria, April 4-5, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012; pp 62–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders.

Blog post
1
Davis J. Scientists Film White Blood Cells Dying for the First Time Ever [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/scientist-film-white-blood-cells-dying-first-time-ever/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: HUD Needs to Address Significant Weaknesses in Its Cost Estimating Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Bavkar IN. In-Node Vehicle Classification and Identification. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Lyman R, Walsh MW. Police Salaries and Pensions Push California City to Brink. New York Times. 2013 Dec;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
AbbreviationDement. Geriatr. Cogn. Disord.
ISSN (print)1420-8008
ISSN (online)1421-9824
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Cognitive Neuroscience

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