How to format your references using the Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Lindley D. Questions of direction. Nature. 2001 Mar;410(6826):305.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Stitzel ML, Seydoux G. Regulation of the oocyte-to-zygote transition. Science. 2007 Apr;316(5823):407–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Pompilio L, Kacelnik A, Behmer ST. State-dependent learned valuation drives choice in an invertebrate. Science. 2006 Mar;311(5767):1613–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Qi M, Lidorikis E, Rakich PT, Johnson SG, Joannopoulos JD, Ippen EP, et al. A three-dimensional optical photonic crystal with designed point defects. Nature. 2004 Jun;429(6991):538–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Valiev RZ, Zhilyaev AP, Langdon TG. Bulk Nanostructured Materials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
1
Bartel A, Clemens M, Günther M, ter Maten EJW, editors. Scientific Computing in Electrical Engineering: SCEE 2014, Wuppertal, Germany, July 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Baquero Cruz J. The Case Law of the European Court of Justice on the Mobility of Patients: An Assessment. In: Gronden JW van de, Szyszczak E, Neergaard U, Krajewski M, editors. Health Care and EU Law. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press; 2011; pp 79–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders.

Blog post
1
Davis J. One In Six Species At Risk From Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/one-six-species-risk-climate-change/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Direct Student Loans: Legality of Regulations Authorizing Origination Fee Reduction. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Virchez Azuara A. A human resource perspective on the development of workforce agility. 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Vecsey G. A Summer With Uncle Casey In the Town He Owned. New York Times. 2011 Apr;SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
AbbreviationDement. Geriatr. Cogn. Disord.
ISSN (print)1420-8008
ISSN (online)1421-9824
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Cognitive Neuroscience

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