How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Earth Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McBride, H., 2003. Young scientist: women mentoring women. Nature 426, 588.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun, Y., Xia, Y., 2002. Shape-controlled synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles. Science 298, 2176–2179.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shin, S.-B., Golovkin, M., Reddy, A.S.N., 2014. A pollen-specific calmodulin-binding protein, NPG1, interacts with putative pectate lyases. Sci. Rep. 4, 5263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fierro, S., Seishima, R., Nagano, O., Saya, H., Einaga, Y., 2013. In vivo pH monitoring using boron doped diamond microelectrode and silver needles: application to stomach disorder diagnosis. Sci. Rep. 3, 3257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coleman, D.D., Westcott, D.A., Harkins, B.E., 2016. CWSP®: Certified Wireless Security Professional Study Guide CWSP-205. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Sencar, H.T., Velastin, S., Nikolaidis, N., Lian, S. (Eds.), 2010. Intelligent Multimedia Analysis for Security Applications, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Herrera-Carrillo, E., Berkhout, B., 2015. Gene Therapy Strategies to Block HIV-1 Replication by RNA Interference, in: Berkhout, B., Ertl, H.C.J., Weinberg, M.S. (Eds.), Gene Therapy for HIV and Chronic Infections, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. NASA Picks Groin Airlock As Winner Of Space Poop Competition [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. NASA Human Space Exploration: Opportunity Nears to Reassess Launch Vehicle and Ground Systems Cost and Schedule (No. GAO-16-612). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vado, P.F., 2012. Foster Care Independence Act of 1999: A policy analysis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. Museum to Give Lady Liberty’s Crowds More to Do Than Snap Selfies. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McBride, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (McBride, 2003; Sun and Xia, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and Xia, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Fierro et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Asian Earth Sci.
ISSN (print)1367-9120
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles