How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Earth Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pryciak, P.M., 2008. Systems biology. Customized signaling circuits. Science 319, 1489–1490.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kanan, M.W., Nocera, D.G., 2008. In situ formation of an oxygen-evolving catalyst in neutral water containing phosphate and Co2+. Science 321, 1072–1075.
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams, M.A., Tyznik, A.J., Bevan, M.J., 2006. Interleukin-2 signals during priming are required for secondary expansion of CD8+ memory T cells. Nature 441, 890–893.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ting, D.T., Lipson, D., Paul, S., Brannigan, B.W., Akhavanfard, S., Coffman, E.J., Contino, G., Deshpande, V., Iafrate, A.J., Letovsky, S., Rivera, M.N., Bardeesy, N., Maheswaran, S., Haber, D.A., 2011. Aberrant overexpression of satellite repeats in pancreatic and other epithelial cancers. Science 331, 593–596.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nölte, J., 2005. ICP Emissionsspektrometrie für Praktiker. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Vacareanu, R., Ionescu, C. (Eds.), 2016. The 1940 Vrancea Earthquake. Issues, Insights and Lessons Learnt: Proceedings of the Symposium Commemorating 75 Years from November 10, 1940 Vrancea Earthquake, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Springer Natural Hazards. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Carter, M., Matthews, D., 2012. Configuration Management and Version Control in Earth System Modelling, in: Riley, G., Budich, R., Redler, R. (Eds.), Earth System Modelling - Volume 5: Tools for Configuring, Building and Running Models, SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Men May Have Learned To Navigate In Order To Find More Mates [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Higher Education: Ensuring Quality Education From Proprietary Institutions (No. T-HEHS-96-158). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hawkins, J.T., 2017. A Private Solution to a Public Problem: Managing Hydraulic Fracturing Risks by Enhancing Private Governance through Mandatory Insurance Requirements (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Romero, S., Casey, N., 2016. Joy, Then Grief, Over Brazil Team. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Solow, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Burrows, 2000; Niven, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kanan and Nocera, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Asian Earth Sci.
ISSN (print)1367-9120
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles