How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Earth Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Waal, F.B.M., 2013. Behavior. Animal conformists. Science 340, 437–438.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krushelnick, K., Cowley, S., 2005. Physics. Reduced turbulence and new opportunities for fusion. Science 309, 1502–1503.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nam, J.-M., Thaxton, C.S., Mirkin, C.A., 2003. Nanoparticle-based bio-bar codes for the ultrasensitive detection of proteins. Science 301, 1884–1886.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kennedy, M., Droser, M., Mayer, L.M., Pevear, D., Mrofka, D., 2006. Late Precambrian oxygenation; inception of the clay mineral factory. Science 311, 1446–1449.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ancheyta, J., 2016. Deactivation of Heavy Oil Hydroprocessing Catalysts. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Cotta, C., Cowling, P. (Eds.), 2009. Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 9th European Conference, EvoCOP 2009, Tübingen, Germany, April 15-17, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Padula, F., Visioli, A., 2015. FOPID Controller Additional Functionalities, in: Visioli, A. (Ed.), Advances in Robust Fractional Control. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 71–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. In The Push For Marketable Skills, Are We Forgetting The Beauty And Poetry Of STEM Disciplines? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Bilingual Education: Information on Limited English Proficient Students (No. HRD-87-85BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Urshel, C.L., 2006. The Technical Adequacy of Standards-Derived Curriculum-Based Measures for Reading Comprehension and Math Computation in Middle School (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman, J., 2015. A Description as Enigmatic as How to Escape a Slump. New York Times SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Waal, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (de Waal, 2013; Krushelnick and Cowley, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krushelnick and Cowley, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kennedy et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Asian Earth Sci.
ISSN (print)1367-9120
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles