How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Earth Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mogi, K., 2013. Cognitive factors correlating with the metacognition of the phenomenal properties of experience. Sci. Rep. 3, 3354.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunauer, R., Kennedy, B.K., 2015. Medicine. Progeria accelerates adult stem cell aging. Science 348, 1093–1094.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, Q., Krug, R.M., Tao, Y.J., 2006. The mechanism by which influenza A virus nucleoprotein forms oligomers and binds RNA. Nature 444, 1078–1082.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Allison, T.J., Winter, C.C., Fournié, J.J., Bonneville, M., Garboczi, D.N., 2001. Structure of a human gammadelta T-cell antigen receptor. Nature 411, 820–824.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smilansky, S., 2007. 10 Moral Paradoxes. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Homola, J. (Ed.), 2006. Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors, Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Balliauw, M., Decoster, X., 2012. Hosting Your Own NuGet Server, in: Decoster, X. (Ed.), Pro NuGet. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 105–153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Russian Company Announces It Is Planning To Build A Lunar Base [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Internet Infrastructure: Challenges in Developing a Public/Private Recovery Plan (No. GAO-06-863T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaglen Bertrando, S.L., 2017. Rethinking Workplace Learning in the Digital World: A Case Study of Open Badges (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B., 2017. Golden Globes Put Stars and Politics on the Stage. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mogi, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brunauer and Kennedy, 2015; Mogi, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brunauer and Kennedy, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Allison et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Asian Earth Sci.
ISSN (print)1367-9120
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles