How to format your references using the Journal of Arrhythmia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Arrhythmia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Freeman KC. Astronomy. The hunt for dark matter in galaxies. Science 2003;302:1902–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
West SA, Gardner A. Altruism, spite, and greenbeards. Science 2010;327:1341–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lee J, Gross SP, Lee J. Improved network community structure improves function prediction. Sci Rep 2013;3:2197.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lamoreux JF, Morrison JC, Ricketts TH, Olson DM, Dinerstein E, McKnight MW, et al. Global tests of biodiversity concordance and the importance of endemism. Nature 2006;440:212–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Biech E. 101 More Ways to Make Training Active. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Thomson R, Leburn C, Reid D, editors. Ultrafast Nonlinear Optics. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Klaus P “phil”, Edvardsson B. Striking the Right Balance: How to Design, Implement, and Operationalize Customer Experience Management Programs. In: Baglieri E, Karmarkar U, editors. Managing Consumer Services: Factory or Theater?, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 69–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Arrhythmia.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Gluten-Sensitive People Could Avoid Symptoms With This Enzyme Tablet. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/glutensensitive-people-could-avoid-symptoms-with-this-enzyme-tablet/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Factors Critical to Success. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Alsari F. Training needs analysis for women in educational leadership in Saudi Arabia. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Yablonsky L. Museo Drive. New York Times 2010:M256.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Arrhythmia
AbbreviationJ. Arrhythm.
ISSN (print)1880-4276
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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