How to format your references using the Journal of Arrhythmia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Arrhythmia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K. Destressing in the geekosphere. Nature 2004;427:268–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yewdell JW, Ince WL. Virology. Frameshifting to PA-X influenza. Science 2012;337:164–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakagome S, Mano S, Hasegawa M. Comment on “Nuclear genomic sequences reveal that polar bears are an old and distinct bear lineage.” Science 2013;339:1522.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shi Y, Wang Y, Wong JI, Tan AYS, Hsu C-L, Li L-J, et al. Self-assembly of hierarchical MoSx/CNT nanocomposites (2<x<3): towards high performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries. Sci Rep 2013;3:2169.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yan W. Crop Variety Trials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Stiglitz JE, Guzman M, editors. Contemporary Issues in Macroeconomics: Lessons from The Crisis and Beyond. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Cristini C, Cesa-Bianchi M, Cesa-Bianchi G, Porro A. Creatività nell’infanzia. In: Cesa-Bianchi M, Cesa-Bianchi G, Porro A, editors. L’ultima creatività: Luci nella vecchiaia, Milano: Springer; 2011, p. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Arrhythmia.

Blog post
Andrews R. Elon Musk Wants To Fix South Australia’s Energy Crisis In Just 100 Days. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Senate Bill 543: The Job Training Partnership Act Youth Employment Amendments of 1989. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Merkurjev D. Understanding Enhancer Role in Transcriptional Response. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Mets’ Reed Finds Dominance in the Heart of the Plate. New York Times 2016:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Arrhythmia
AbbreviationJ. Arrhythm.
ISSN (print)1880-4276
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles