How to format your references using the Journal of Arrhythmia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Arrhythmia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berendsen HJ. Bioinformatics. Reality simulation--observe while it happens. Science 2001;294:2304–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trauger JT, Traub WA. A laboratory demonstration of the capability to image an Earth-like extrasolar planet. Nature 2007;446:771–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Han C, Ding H, Lv F. Demonstration of a refractometric sensor based on an optical micro-fiber three-beam interferometer. Sci Rep 2014;4:7504.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ronquist F, Larget B, Huelsenbeck JP, Kadane JB, Simon D, van der Mark P. Comment on “Phylogenetic MCMC algorithms are misleading on mixtures of trees.” Science 2006;312:367; author reply 367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pérez Fontán F, Mariño Espiñeira P. Modeling the Wireless Propagation Channel. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Kawanabe H, Nishino M, Maehata M, editors. Lake Biwa: Interactions between Nature and People. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Nifontova IN, Svinareva DA, Chertkov JL, Savchenko VG, Drize NJ. Alterations of Frequency of Hematopoietic Precursors in Mice Subjected to Multiple Courses of Low-Dose G-CSF Injections. In: Bilko NM, Fehse B, Ostertag W, Stocking C, Zander AR, editors. Stem Cells and their Potential for Clinical Application, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 55–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Arrhythmia.

Blog post
Davis J. Growing Up With A Dog Could Lower Risk Of Developing Asthma. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Senate’s Liability for Special Charges and Taxes Related to Telephone Service]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dues PM. Quantitative correlation of enterprise resource planning type, success, and technology leadership style in local government. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Cracks Starting to Appear in Public Pensions’ Armor. New York Times 2015:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Arrhythmia
AbbreviationJ. Arrhythm.
ISSN (print)1880-4276
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles