How to format your references using the Journal of Arrhythmia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Arrhythmia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Mellars P. A new radiocarbon revolution and the dispersal of modern humans in Eurasia. Nature 2006;439:931–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Minton DA, Malhotra R. A record of planet migration in the main asteroid belt. Nature 2009;457:1109–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Cox D, Meyers E, Sinha P. Contextually evoked object-specific responses in human visual cortex. Science 2004;304:115–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Guan N, Shin H-D, Chen RR, Li J, Liu L, Du G, et al. Understanding of how Propionibacterium acidipropionici respond to propionic acid stress at the level of proteomics. Sci Rep 2014;4:6951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
PKF International Ltd. Wiley IFRS 2017 Interpretation and Application of IFRS Standards. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Das I, Tuen AA, editors. Naturalists, Explorers and Field Scientists in South-East Asia and Australasia. vol. 15. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Teo H-M. Imperial Affairs: The British Empire and the Romantic Novel, 1890–1939. In: Gelder K, editor. New Directions in Popular Fiction: Genre, Distribution, Reproduction, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 87–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Arrhythmia.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Soccer Players May Be At Risk Of Dementia From Repeatedly Heading The Ball. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/soccer-players-may-be-at-risk-of-dementia-from-repeatedly-heading-the-ball/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Highway Funding by Program and Type of Roadway, With Related Safety Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Allard IN. Examining the relationship between organizational culture and performance: Moderators of culture gap. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Wozniacki and Yale Are Cheering Each Other On. New York Times 2010:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Arrhythmia
AbbreviationJ. Arrhythm.
ISSN (print)1880-4276
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles