How to format your references using the Journal of Architectural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Architectural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blake, D. T. (2012). “Neuroscience: how brains learn to control machines.” Nature, 483(7389), 284–285.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grasset, E. K., and Cerutti, A. (2014). “Immunology. Retroviral help for B cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1454–1455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maiorano, D., Moreau, J., and Méchali, M. (2000). “XCDT1 is required for the assembly of pre-replicative complexes in Xenopus laevis.” Nature, 404(6778), 622–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, Y.-W., Chen, W. T., Wu, P. C., Fedotov, V. A., Zheludev, N. I., and Tsai, D. P. (2013). “Toroidal lasing spaser.” Scientific reports, 3, 1237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goddard Blythe, S. (2012). Assessing Neuromotor Readiness for Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ugai, K., Yagi, H., and Wakai, A. (Eds.). (2013). Earthquake-Induced Landslides: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Earthquake-Induced Landslides, Kiryu, Japan, 2012. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Francesconi, A., and Dossena, C. (2015). “A Strategic and Organizational Perspective for Understanding the Evolution of Online Reputation Management Systems.” From Information to Smart Society: Environment, Politics and Economics, Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation, L. Mola, F. Pennarola, and S. Za, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 49–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Architectural Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). “How Well You Do In School Reflects Dozens Of Genetic Traits.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Aircraft Noise: Eight Airports’ Efforts to Mitigate Noise. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knight, A. K. (2017). “Beyond Leveraged Purchasing: Using Strengthened Buyer/Supplier Relationships to Accomplish Sustainable Strategic Sourcing and Smarter Single Source Acquisitions.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2016). “Our Monster Sorority.” New York Times, SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blake 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Blake 2012; Grasset and Cerutti 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grasset and Cerutti 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Architectural Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Archit. Eng.
ISSN (print)1076-0431
ISSN (online)1943-5568
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

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