How to format your references using the Journal of Architectural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Architectural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shetty, P. (2012). “The numbers game.” Nature, 484(7395), S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haushofer, J., and Fehr, E. (2014). “On the psychology of poverty.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6186), 862–867.
A journal article with 3 authors
McDermott, F., Mattey, D. P., and Hawkesworth, C. (2001). “Centennial-scale Holocene climate variability revealed by a high-resolution speleothem delta 18O record from SW Ireland.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5545), 1328–1331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alexander, D. M., Smail, I., Bauer, F. E., Chapman, S. C., Blain, A. W., Brandt, W. N., and Ivison, R. J. (2005). “Rapid growth of black holes in massive star-forming galaxies.” Nature, 434(7034), 738–740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Decreusefond, L., and Moyal, P. (2012). Stochastic Modeling and Analysis of Telecom Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Biancardi, E., and Tamada, T. (Eds.). (2016). Rhizomania. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Deutscher, G. (2015). “Point Contact Spectroscopy in Strongly Correlated Systems.” Strongly Correlated Systems: Experimental Techniques, Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, A. Avella and F. Mancini, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 111–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Architectural Engineering.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). “Project Blue Aims To Take The First Image Of A Nearby Earth-Like World.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Better Criteria Needed for Awarding Grants for School Desegregation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sikorsky, A. A. (2014). “Concentration enhancement and device fabrication for the improved performance of gradient elution moving boundary electrophoresis.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clifford, S. (2015). “Manhattan Dentist Faces Drug and Child Pornography Charges.” New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shetty 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Haushofer and Fehr 2014; Shetty 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haushofer and Fehr 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Alexander et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Architectural Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Archit. Eng.
ISSN (print)1076-0431
ISSN (online)1943-5568
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

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