How to format your references using the Journal of Architectural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Architectural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sette, A. 2000. “Tools of the trade in vaccine design.” Science, 290 (5499): 2074b–5b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dawson, T. M., and V. L. Dawson. 2003. “Molecular pathways of neurodegeneration in Parkinson’s disease.” Science, 302 (5646): 819–822.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chatterjee, A., M. Mitrović, and S. Fortunato. 2013. “Universality in voting behavior: an empirical analysis.” Sci. Rep., 3: 1049.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kotz, R. I., R. Windhager, M. Dominkus, B. Robioneck, and H. Müller-Daniels. 2000. “A self-extending paediatric leg implant.” Nature, 406 (6792): 143–144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choudhry, M., D. Moskovic, M. Wong, S. Baig, Z. Liu, M. Lizzio, and A. Voicu. 2014. Fixed Income Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Camarinha-Matos, L. M., L. Xu, and H. Afsarmanesh (Eds.). 2012. Collaborative Networks in the Internet of Services: 13th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2012, Bournemouth, UK, October 1-3, 2012. Proceedings. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Slaughter, D. C. 2014. “The Biological Engineer: Sensing the Difference Between Crops and Weeds.” Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems, S. L. Young and F. J. Pierce, eds., 71–95. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Architectural Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Researchers Study More Than 15,000 Penises To Determine Average Lengths Around The World.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Proprietary Schools: Millions Spent to Train Students for Oversupplied Occupations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hakes, C. J. 2010. “Off -campus work and its relationship to students’ experiences with faculty using the College Student Experiences Questionnaire.” Doctoral dissertation. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. 2006. “An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move.” New York Times, August 20, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sette 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dawson and Dawson 2003; Sette 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dawson and Dawson 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kotz et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Architectural Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Archit. Eng.
ISSN (print)1076-0431
ISSN (online)1943-5568
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

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