How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bers DM. Cardiac excitation-contraction coupling. Nature. 2002 Jan 10;415(6868):198–205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng W, Li W. Structural insights into ubiquinone biosynthesis in membranes. Science. 2014 Feb 21;343(6173):878–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arendt D, Technau U, Wittbrodt J. Evolution of the bilaterian larval foregut. Nature. 2001 Jan 4;409(6816):81–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fan Z, Sun Y, Di Chen, Tay D, Chen W, Deng CX, et al. Acoustic tweezing cytometry for live-cell subcellular modulation of intracellular cytoskeleton contractility. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2176.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mauthe A, Thomas P. Professional Content Management Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Deer TR, Pope JE, editors. Atlas of Implantable Therapies for Pain Management. 2nd ed. 2016. New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Amorim F, Moseley PL. Heat Shock Protein and Inflammation. In: Asea AAA, Pedersen BK, editors. Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Physiology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 57–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Volcanology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Experiment Proves Einstein Wrong [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/scientists-prove-spooky-action-distance-absolutely-real/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA Has Begun Efforts to Make Data More Publicly Available. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: RCED-97-137.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dobson EC. Elizabeth C. Dobson Consulting and Design: A business plan for aging-in-place resources [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. L.I.R.R. Safety Campaign Under Way. New York Times. 2007 Aug 12;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bers 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bers 2002; Cheng and Li 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng and Li 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Fan et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Volcanology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Volcanol.
ISSN (online)2191-5040
Scope

Other styles