How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Going green: Ireland. Nature. 2002 Mar 21;416(6878):4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li W, Walz JY. Porous nanocomposites with integrated internal domains: application to separation membranes. Sci. Rep. 2014 Mar 20;4:4418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martens S, Kozlov MM, McMahon HT. How synaptotagmin promotes membrane fusion. Science. 2007 May 25;316(5828):1205–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Moskun AC, Jailaubekov AE, Bradforth SE, Tao G, Stratt RM. Rotational coherence and a sudden breakdown in linear response seen in room-temperature liquids. Science. 2006 Mar 31;311(5769):1907–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen S. Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Curry GL. Manufacturing Systems Modeling and Analysis. Feldman RM, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Casciati F, Chen Z. Using GPS sensors in Structural Mechanics. In: Irschik H, Krommer M, Watanabe K, Furukawa T, editors. Mechanics and Model-Based Control of Smart Materials and Structures. Vienna: Springer; 2010. p. 29–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Volcanology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Ten Facts You Need To Know About The Chicken And Eggs On Your Table [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/ten-facts-you-need-to-know-about-the-chicken-and-eggs-on-your-table/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Responses to Questions for the Record: March 18, 2009, Hearing on ATC Modernization: Near-Term Achievable Goals. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 May. Report No.: GAO-09-718R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spotts SL. A Comparative Analysis of Missouri Elementary School Arts Curriculums [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rich N. Forever and Ever. New York Times. 2012 Nov 28;MM32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Li and Walz 2014; Smaglik 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Walz 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Moskun et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Volcanology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Volcanol.
ISSN (online)2191-5040
Scope

Other styles