How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Melançon CE 3rd. Biochemistry: Elusive source of sulfur unravelled. Nature. 2015 Feb 5;518(7537):45–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gallotti R, Barthelemy M. Anatomy and efficiency of urban multimodal mobility. Sci. Rep. 2014 Nov 5;4:6911.
A journal article with 3 authors
Newell RG, Pizer WA, Raimi D. Environmental economics. Carbon market lessons and global policy outlook. Science. 2014 Mar 21;343(6177):1316–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang S, Wu Y, Xu T-H, de Waal PW, He Y, Pu M, et al. Crystal structure of the Frizzled 4 receptor in a ligand-free state. Nature. 2018 Aug;560(7720):666–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorsey JR. Y-Size Your Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Cai Y, Goei SL, editors. Simulations, Serious Games and Their Applications. Singapore: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Boehm M, Habich D, Preissler S, Lehner W, Wloka U. Vectorizing Instance-Based Integration Processes. In: Filipe J, Cordeiro J, editors. Enterprise Information Systems: 11th International Conference, ICEIS 2009, Milan, Italy, May 6-10, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 40–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Volcanology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. How Animals Can Help Autistic Children [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Actions Needed to Improve Documentation of Key Decisions in the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 May. Report No.: GAO-14-628R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharp K. The Epistolary Form: A Familiar Fiction [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L. On When They Met, and Those Vacancies. New York Times. 2017 Apr 12;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Melançon 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gallotti and Barthelemy 2014; Melançon 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gallotti and Barthelemy 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Volcanology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Volcanol.
ISSN (online)2191-5040

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