How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kelley KA. Geophysics. Inside Earth runs hot and cold. Science. 2014 Apr 4;344(6179):51–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nathanson N, Fine P. Virology. Poliomyelitis eradication--a dangerous endgame. Science. 2002 Apr 12;296(5566):269–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee S, Bluemle MJ, Bates FS. Discovery of a Frank-Kasper sigma phase in sphere-forming block copolymer melts. Science. 2010 Oct 15;330(6002):349–53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Trabucchi M, Briata P, Garcia-Mayoral M, Haase AD, Filipowicz W, Ramos A, et al. The RNA-binding protein KSRP promotes the biogenesis of a subset of microRNAs. Nature. 2009 Jun 18;459(7249):1010–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaughan D, Robinson N, Lucas N, Arulkumaran S. Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Bonakdarpour B, Petit F, editors. Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems: 18th International Symposium, SSS 2016, Lyon, France, November 7-10, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Geraty LT. Exodus Dates and Theories. In: Levy TE, Schneider T, Propp WHC, editors. Israel’s Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective: Text, Archaeology, Culture, and Geoscience. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 55–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Volcanology.

Blog post
Andrew D. A 10-Foot Great White Shark Jumped Right Into A Fisherman’s Boat In Australia [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Motor Carriers: Better Information Needed to Assess Effectiveness and Efficiency of Safety Interventions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Oct. Report No.: GAO-17-49.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Minger L. Examining Education Leadership Communication Practices around Basic and Advanced Skill Sets: A Multiple Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson J. University Presses. New York Times. 2017 Oct 20;BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kelley 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kelley 2014; Nathanson and Fine 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nathanson and Fine 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Trabucchi et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Volcanology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Volcanol.
ISSN (online)2191-5040

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