How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T. (2000). NASA ponders termination of gamma-ray observatory. Nature, 403(6767), 232.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oltvai, Z. N., & Barabási, A.-L. (2002). Systems biology. Life’s complexity pyramid. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5594), 763–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chou, C.-H., Chuang, J.-K., & Chen, F.-C. (2013). High-performance flexible waveguiding photovoltaics. Scientific Reports, 3, 2244.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yuan, M., Konstantopoulos, N., Lee, J., Hansen, L., Li, Z. W., Karin, M., & Shoelson, S. E. (2001). Reversal of obesity- and diet-induced insulin resistance with salicylates or targeted disruption of Ikkbeta. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5535), 1673–1677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calloway, J. (2009). Becoming a Category of One. Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Filippi, S. (2010). The Design Guidelines Collaborative Framework: A Design for Multi-X Method for Product Development (I. Cristofolini, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Berghammer, R., & Kehden, B. (2008). Relation Algebra and RelView in Practical Use: Construction of Special University Timetables. In R. Berghammer, B. Möller, & G. Struth (Eds.), Relations and Kleene Algebra in Computer Science: 10th International Conference on Relational Methods in Computer Science, and 5th International Conference on Applications of Kleene Algebra, RelMiCS/AKA 2008, Frauenwörth, Germany, April 7-11, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 22–36). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 21). Why Is Life Left-Handed? The Answer Is In The Stars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). VA Education Benefits: VA Needs to Improve Program Management and Provide More Timely Information to Students (GAO-13-338). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCafferty, B. (2009). Chalk Talk [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Glanz, J., & Armendariz, A. (2017, March 8). Years of Questions, but Researcher Gets a Pass. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Oltvai & Barabási, 2002; Reichhardt, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oltvai & Barabási, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Chou et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yuan et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0021-9010
ISSN (online)1939-1854
ScopeApplied Psychology

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