How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigzell, H. (2002). Science in Europe. Framework programmes evolve. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5554), 443–445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seeberger, P. H., & Werz, D. B. (2007). Synthesis and medical applications of oligosaccharides. Nature, 446(7139), 1046–1051.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vokrouhlický, D., Nesvorný, D., & Bottke, W. F. (2003). The vector alignments of asteroid spins by thermal torques. Nature, 425(6954), 147–151.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lauvau, G., Vijh, S., Kong, P., Horng, T., Kerksiek, K., Serbina, N., Tuma, R. A., & Pamer, E. G. (2001). Priming of memory but not effector CD8 T cells by a killed bacterial vaccine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1735–1739.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singh, M. P., & Huhns, M. N. (2006). Service-Oriented Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tanaka, K., & Suga, Y. (Eds.). (2015). Advances in Information and Computer Security: 10th International Workshop on Security, IWSEC 2015, Nara, Japan, August 26-28, 2015, Proceedings (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 9241). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rowlett, R. S. (2014). Structure and Catalytic Mechanism of β-Carbonic Anhydrases. In S. C. Frost & R. McKenna (Eds.), Carbonic Anhydrase: Mechanism, Regulation, Links to Disease, and Industrial Applications (pp. 53–76). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, October 22). Tiny Tags on Baby Sea Turtles Detail Elusive “Swimming Frenzy” Period. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends, Government Challenges, and International Competitiveness Issues (GAO-12-836T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hill, L. (2015). Unique forms of knowledge and curriculum in hip-hop pedagogy [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, August 31). Gifts From a Fan Give Cespedes a Lift. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wigzell, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Seeberger & Werz, 2007; Wigzell, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seeberger & Werz, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Vokrouhlický et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lauvau et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0021-9010
ISSN (online)1939-1854
ScopeApplied Psychology

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