How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scheid, J. F. (2015). HIV-specific B cell response in patients with broadly neutralizing serum activity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6265), 1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wicherts, J. M., & Scholten, A. Z. (2013). Comment on “Poverty impedes cognitive function.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6163), 1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gancarz-Kausch, A. M., Adank, D. N., & Dietz, D. M. (2014). Prolonged withdrawal following cocaine self-administration increases resistance to punishment in a cocaine binge. Scientific Reports, 4, 6876.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bale, R., Shirgaonkar, A. A., Neveln, I. D., Bhalla, A. P. S., MacIver, M. A., & Patankar, N. A. (2014). Separability of drag and thrust in undulatory animals and machines. Scientific Reports, 4, 7329.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chinesta, F., Cescotto, S., Cueto, E., & Lorong, P. (2013). Natural Element Method for the Simulation of Structures and Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Feldman, L. S., Delaney, C. P., Ljungqvist, O., & Carli, F. (Eds.). (2015). The SAGES / ERAS® Society Manual of Enhanced Recovery Programs for Gastrointestinal Surgery (1st ed. 2015). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chinesta, F., & Cueto, E. (2014). Separated Representations of Coupled Models. In E. Cueto (Ed.), PGD-Based Modeling of Materials, Structures and Processes (pp. 77–89). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, January 15). Sea Level Rise Has Been Miscalculated. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Space Surveillance: DOD and NASA Need Consolidated Requirements and a Coordinated Plan (NSIAD-98-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grimpo, M. (2014). How asthma is related with the rate of influenza vaccination in California’s children [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fitzgerald, A. (2017, August 2). Worlds in a Cell. New York Times, BR13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scheid, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Scheid, 2015; Wicherts & Scholten, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wicherts & Scholten, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Gancarz-Kausch et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bale et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Non-Classical Logics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Non-Classical Logics
ISSN (print)1166-3081
ISSN (online)1958-5780

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