How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg, R. A. (2011). Cancer. BRCA1, everything but the RING? Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6055), 459–460.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rice, C. M., & Saeed, M. (2014). Hepatitis C: Treatment triumphs. Nature, 510(7503), 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCord, T. B., Hansen, G. B., & Hibbitts, C. A. (2001). Hydrated salt minerals on Ganymede’s surface: evidence of an ocean below. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5521), 1523–1525.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gadjourova, Z., Andreev, Y. G., Tunstall, D. P., & Bruce, P. G. (2001). Ionic conductivity in crystalline polymer electrolytes. Nature, 412(6846), 520–523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg, M. A., Segelnick, S. L., Insler, J. S., & Kramer, S. (2015). The Dentist’s Quick Guide to Medical Conditions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pandi-Perumal, S. R., Cardinali, D. P., & Chrousos, G. P. (Eds.). (2007). Neuroimmunology of Sleep. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, J., & Tsukamoto, H. (2016). Animal Models of Alcoholic Liver Disease. In N. Chalasani & G. Szabo (Eds.), Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Bench to Bedside (pp. 103–119). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 26). There Are Dangerous Asteroids Hiding Among The Taurid Meteor Shower. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Motor Vehicle Safety: A Review of the NTSB Report on Rear Seat Lap Belt Effectiveness (No. RCED-88-13). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stroot, P. G. (2004). Novel Reverse Transcription Method Confirms Growth Inhibition of Bacteria Exposed to Domestic Wastewater (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stevenson, A., & de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, June 27). With Crowding in U.S. Market, Activist Investors Look to Europe. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenberg, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Greenberg, 2011; Rice & Saeed, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rice & Saeed, 2014)
  • Three authors: (McCord, Hansen, & Hibbitts, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gadjourova, Andreev, Tunstall, & Bruce, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Non-Classical Logics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Non-Classical Logics
ISSN (print)1166-3081
ISSN (online)1958-5780

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