How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, N. (2008). Stem cells: in search of common ground. Nature, 451(7180), 855–858.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, S. P., & Hestrin, S. (2009). Intracortical circuits of pyramidal neurons reflect their long-range axonal targets. Nature, 457(7233), 1133–1136.
A journal article with 3 authors
Timm, R. M., Ramey, R. R., 2nd, & Nomenclature Committee of the American Society of Mammalogists. (2005). What constitutes a proper description? Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2163–2166; author reply 2163-6.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Steger, D. J., Haswell, E. S., Miller, A. L., Wente, S. R., & O’Shea, E. K. (2003). Regulation of chromatin remodeling by inositol polyphosphates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 114–116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGee, G. (2012). Bioethics for beginners. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Kuri-Morales, A., & Simari, G. R. (Eds.). (2010). Advances in Artificial Intelligence – IBERAMIA 2010: 12th Ibero-American Conference on AI, Bahía Blanca, Argentina, November 1-5, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6433). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen, D., & Stritikus, T. (2012). Strategic Identity Negotiation. In D. A. Urias (Ed.), The Immigration & Education Nexus: A Focus on the Context & Consequences of Schooling (pp. 57–81). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 15). Female Insects Prefer Dinner To “Handcuffs.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Propriety of the City Edges Grant Awarded to the Suburban Action Institute (B-158811). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adetunji, O. O. (2008). The Nature of Electronic States in Conducting Polymer Nano-Networks [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, September 5). Del Potro Shakes an Illness To Reach the Quarterfinals. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blow, 2008; Brown & Hestrin, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown & Hestrin, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Timm et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Steger et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Non-Classical Logics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Non-Classical Logics
ISSN (print)1166-3081
ISSN (online)1958-5780

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