How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mank, J. E. (2009). Evolution. Sexual selection and Darwin’s mystery of mysteries. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5960), 1639–1640.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, J., & Reth, M. (2010). Oligomeric organization of the B-cell antigen receptor on resting cells. Nature, 467(7314), 465–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hinks, D. G., Claus, H., & Jorgensen, J. D. (2001). The complex nature of superconductivity in MgB2 as revealed by the reduced total isotope effect. Nature, 411(6836), 457–460.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Parker, A. R., McPhedran, R. C., McKenzie, D. R., Botten, L. C., & Nicorovici, N. A. (2001). Photonic engineering. Aphrodite’s iridescence. Nature, 409(6816), 36–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diamond, N. (2013). Between Skins. John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Tsakanov, V., & Wiedemann, H. (Eds.). (2007). Brilliant Light in Life and Material Sciences. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Talaulicar, T. (2011). Corporate Codes of Ethics: Can Punishments Enhance Their Effectiveness? In A. Brink (Ed.), Corporate Governance and Business Ethics (pp. 89–106). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 23). This Area’s Inhabitants Speak More Languages Than Anywhere Else On Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NASA Program Costs: Space Missions Require Substantially More Funding Than Initially Estimated (NSIAD-93-97). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dhokar, A. (2015). LabVIEW based simulation and animation for the vibration control of active mass damper [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, January 25). 2 Shows Try to Shake Up Formula for Reality TV. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mank, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Mank, 2009; Yang & Reth, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang & Reth, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Hinks et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Parker et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Non-Classical Logics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Non-Classical Logics
ISSN (print)1166-3081
ISSN (online)1958-5780

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