How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Premack, D.: Psychology. Is language the key to human intelligence? Science. 303, 318–320 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kilger, C., Bartenbach, K.: Patent law. New rules for German professors. Science. 298, 1173–1175 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sachs, R., Lin, Z., Shi, J.: Ferroelectric-like SrTiO3 surface dipoles probed by graphene. Sci. Rep. 4, 3657 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, M., Tou, W.I., Zhou, H., Li, F., Ren, H., Chen, C.Y.-C., Yang, B.: Developing hypothetical inhibition mechanism of novel urea transporter B inhibitor. Sci. Rep. 4, 5775 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kraehmer, H., Baur, P.: Weed Anatomy. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2013)
An edited book
Foresti, S., Lopez, J. eds: Information Security Theory and Practice: 10th IFIP WG 11.2 International Conference, WISTP 2016, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 26–27, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Plumley, J.: Perception on Design Quality within the New Mega Townships of India. In: Tiwari, P. (ed.) The Towers of New Capital: Mega Townships in India. pp. 45–49. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computing.

Blog post
Hale, T.: These Pens Use Ink Made Out Of Recycled Air Pollution,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FCC: Interconnection and Resale Obligations Pertaining to Commercial Mobile Radio Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Uthe, P.B.: The development of polycationic materials for gene delivery applications, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E., Kishkovsky, S.: Joy in Russia As a Symbol Of the Arts Reopens, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Mathematics and Computing
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Math. Comput.
ISSN (print)1598-5865
ISSN (online)1865-2085
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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