How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mann, M.E.: Climate reconstruction. The value of multiple proxies. Science. 297, 1481–1482 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Coe, F.L., Asplin, J.R.: Medicine. Stopping the stones. Science. 330, 325–326 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bußhardt, P., Kunze, D., Gorb, S.N.: Interlocking-based attachment during locomotion in the beetle Pachnoda marginata (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae). Sci. Rep. 4, 6998 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Godinho, R.M. da C., Crestani, J., Kmetzsch, L., Araujo, G. de S., Frases, S., Staats, C.C., Schrank, A., Vainstein, M.H., Rodrigues, M.L.: The vacuolar-sorting protein Snf7 is required for export of virulence determinants in members of the Cryptococcus neoformans complex. Sci. Rep. 4, 6198 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abracen, J., Looman, J.: Treatment of High-Risk Sexual Offenders. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2015)
An edited book
MacLean, D.: Pro Android 5. Apress, Berkeley, CA (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, C., Zhu, S., Guan, X., Shen, X.: Node Deployment for Distributed Consensus Estimation. In: Zhu, S., Guan, X., and Shen, X. (sherman) (eds.) Wireless Sensor Networks: Distributed Consensus Estimation. pp. 65–79. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computing.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airline Ticketing: Impact of Changes in the Airline Ticket Distribution Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hayes, E.T.: Musical improvisation and the creative process, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lundberg, G.D.: The N.F.L.’s Collision With the Future, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Mathematics and Computing
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Math. Comput.
ISSN (print)1598-5865
ISSN (online)1865-2085
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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