How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nurse P (2004) Wee beasties. Nature 432:557
A journal article with 2 authors
Melott AL, Thomas BC (2012) Causes of an ad 774-775 14C increase. Nature 491:E1-2
A journal article with 3 authors
Xing L, Li X, Snider WD (2015) Neurodevelopment. “RASopathic” astrocytes constrain neural plasticity. Science 348:636–637
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cardinal RN, Pennicott DR, Sugathapala CL, et al (2001) Impulsive choice induced in rats by lesions of the nucleus accumbens core. Science 292:2499–2501

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad A (2005) Wireless and Mobile Data Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lee SJ, Kim Y, Phillips R (eds) (2015) Community Well-Being and Community Development: Conceptions and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
González-Manzano L, González-Tablas AI, de Fuentes JM, Ribagorda A (2013) User-Managed Access Control in Web Based Social Networks. In: Chbeir R, Al Bouna B (eds) Security and Privacy Preserving in Social Networks. Springer, Vienna, pp 97–137

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Wedding Bells Or Single Again: Psychology Predicts Where Your Relationship Is Headed. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Air Traffic Control: Efforts to Expand the New York Terminal Area Automation System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Voss J (2013) Supported housing program for severely mentally ill homeless individuals: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2017) Soccer Gets a Second Look. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nurse 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Nurse 2004; Melott and Thomas 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Melott and Thomas 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Cardinal et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Genet.
ISSN (print)1234-1983
ISSN (online)2190-3883
General Medicine

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