How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Javerzat J-P (2010) Molecular biology. Directing the centromere guardian. Science 327:150–151
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruxin J, Habinshuti A (2011) Crowd control in Rwanda. Nature 474:572–573
A journal article with 3 authors
Qin Y, Wang X, Wang ZL (2008) Microfibre-nanowire hybrid structure for energy scavenging. Nature 451:809–813
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim Y, Shim H, Kim K, et al (2014) Profiling individual human red blood cells using common-path diffraction optical tomography. Sci Rep 4:6659

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoppert M (2005) Microscopic Techniques in Biotechnology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Kim YS, Ryoo YJ, Jang M-S, Bae Y-C (eds) (2014) Advanced Intelligent Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Özkaya N, Nordin M, Goldsheyder D, Leger D (2012) Applications of Statics to Biomechanics. In: Nordin M, Goldsheyder D, Leger D (eds) Fundamentals of Biomechanics: Equilibrium, Motion, and Deformation. Springer, New York, NY, pp 61–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Genetics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Common Pesticides May Lead To Early Puberty In Boys. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) National Transportation Safety Board: Weak Internal Control Impaired Financial Accountability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan C-M (2012) Synthesis and Evaluation of Macrocycles as Potential Antitumor Agents. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bilefsky D (2017) May Still Expected to Win, but Lead Narrows After Missteps. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Javerzat 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Javerzat 2010; Ruxin and Habinshuti 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruxin and Habinshuti 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Genet.
ISSN (print)1234-1983
ISSN (online)2190-3883
General Medicine

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