How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Motavalli J (2015) Technology: A solid future. Nature 526:S96-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Maruyama D, Zochowski M (2014) Competition and cooperation between active intra-network and passive extra-network transport processes. Sci Rep 4:5269
A journal article with 3 authors
Foley S, Tiepolo M, Vannucci R (2002) Growth of early continental crust controlled by melting of amphibolite in subduction zones. Nature 417:837–840
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sheiko SS, Sun FC, Randall A, et al (2006) Adsorption-induced scission of carbon-carbon bonds. Nature 440:191–194

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez A (2013) Voice Over LTE. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Ncube M (2016) Global Growth and Financial Spillovers and the South African Macro-economy. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Hammerman MR (2011) Frontiers in Organ Transplantation. In: Liapis H, Wang HL (eds) Pathology of Solid Organ Transplantation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Genetics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Ethiopia May Paradoxically Benefit From Climate Change. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Examination of the Social Security Administration’s Systems Modernization Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson RA (2017) Musculoskeletal Injuries in California Ocean Lifeguards. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF (2010) A New Character In Archie’s Town. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Motavalli 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Maruyama and Zochowski 2014; Motavalli 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maruyama and Zochowski 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sheiko et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Genet.
ISSN (print)1234-1983
ISSN (online)2190-3883
General Medicine

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