How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Animal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Animal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raymond J. 2013. Sexist attitudes: Most of us are biased. Nature. 495(7439):33–34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ferguson-Smith AC, Surani MA. 2001. Imprinting and the epigenetic asymmetry between parental genomes. Science. 293(5532):1086–1089.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro G, Goldsby DL, Tullis TE. 2004. Friction falls towards zero in quartz rock as slip velocity approaches seismic rates. Nature. 427(6973):436–439.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Schueler MG, Higgins AW, Rudd MK, Gustashaw K, Willard HF. 2001. Genomic and genetic definition of a functional human centromere. Science. 294(5540):109–115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gage LJ. 2008. Hand-Rearing Wild and Domestic Mammals. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
König A, Dengel A, Hinkelmann K, Kise K, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, editors. 2011. Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 15th International Conference, KES 2011, Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 12-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Visser W. 2009. Who Really Cares If the Program Crashes? In: Păsăreanu CS, editor. Model Checking Software: 16th International SPIN Workshop, Grenoble, France, June 26-28, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 5–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Animal Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Google Seeks to Integrate Cameras Into Contact Lenses. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Contract Pricing: Subcontractor Prices Overstated on AN/TSQ-111 Communications Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers S. 2014. Teacher Induction Programs: How Key Components Influence Teacher Retention Rates in Rural School Districts [Doctoral dissertation]. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. 2016. High-Tech Hospital, Same Old Story. New York Times.:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Raymond 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ferguson-Smith and Surani 2001; Raymond 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ferguson-Smith and Surani 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Schueler et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Animal Research
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Anim. Res.
ISSN (print)0971-2119
ISSN (online)0974-1844
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Veterinary

Other styles