How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Animal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Animal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferry G. 2010. The making of an exceptional scientist. Nature. 464:1268–1270.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu Z, Herbert TD. 2004. High-latitude influence on the eastern equatorial Pacific climate in the early Pleistocene epoch. Nature. 427:720–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sadqi M, Fushman D, Muñoz V. 2006. Atom-by-atom analysis of global downhill protein folding. Nature. 442:317–321.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Miller KM, Li S, Kaukinen KH, Ginther N, Hammill E, Curtis JMR, Patterson DA, Sierocinski T, Donnison L, Pavlidis P, et al. 2011. Genomic signatures predict migration and spawning failure in wild Canadian salmon. Science. 331:214–217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lamattina JL. 2012. Devalued and Distrusted. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tseng K-Y, editor. 2009. Cortico-Subcortical Dynamics in Parkinson’s Disease. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaudhuri S, Mukhopadhyay U. 2014. FDI and Relative Wage Inequality. In: Mukhopadhyay U, editor. Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries: A Theoretical Evaluation. New Delhi: Springer India; p. 101–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Animal Research.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. No Turning Back As Earth Permanently Passes CO2 Threshold. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Cost Overrun on the Aeropropulsion Systems Test Facility. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Loden MR. 2010. The rhetorical elephant in the room: How three political action committees are strategically [re]defining the U.S. Republican Party [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Delury J. 2017. Making a North Korea deal. New York Times.:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Teske 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lieberman Aiden 2011; Owens 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Herbert 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Bouskra et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Animal Research
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Anim. Res.
ISSN (print)0971-2119
ISSN (online)0974-1844
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Veterinary

Other styles