How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Animal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Animal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vanmaekelbergh D. 2015. Materials science: Superlattice substitution. Nature. 524:418–419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mandelli D, Tosatti E. 2015. Nanophysics: Microscopic friction emulators. Nature. 526:332–333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hao X, Martin-Rouault L, Cui M. 2014. A self-adaptive method for creating high efficiency communication channels through random scattering media. Sci Rep. 4:5874.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Rempel M, Schüssler M, Cameron RH, Knölker M. 2009. Penumbral structure and outflows in simulated sunspots. Science. 325:171–174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brandimarte P. 2014. Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cho Z-H, editor. 2015. 7.0 Tesla MRI Brain Atlas: In-vivo Atlas with Cryomacrotome Correlation. 2nd ed. 2015. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Farnet CM, Zazopoulos E. 2005. Improving Drug Discovery From Microorganisms. In: Zhang L, Demain AL, editors. Natural Products: Drug Discovery and Therapeutic Medicine. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; p. 95–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Animal Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Watch Crocodiles Pluck Bats From The Air. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Information Technology: DOD Needs to Leverage Lessons Learned from Its Outsourcing Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsai C-N. 2012. A simulation study of hierarchical wireless sensor networks [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2017. Car Insurers Facing Rush Of Claims After Storm. New York Times.:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vanmaekelbergh 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Vanmaekelbergh 2015; Mandelli & Tosatti 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mandelli & Tosatti 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Rempel et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Animal Research
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Anim. Res.
ISSN (print)0971-2119
ISSN (online)0974-1844
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Veterinary

Other styles