How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Animal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Animal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quéré Y. 2010. Academies must engage with society. Nature. 465(7301):1009.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feng Y, Krumholz MR. 2014. Early turbulent mixing as the origin of chemical homogeneity in open star clusters. Nature. 513(7519):523–525.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitaker RJ, Grogan DW, Taylor JW. 2003. Geographic barriers isolate endemic populations of hyperthermophilic archaea. Science. 301(5635):976–978.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Božin ES, Knox KR, Juhás P, Hor YS, Mitchell JF, Billinge SJL. 2014. Cu(Ir₁ - xCrx)₂S₄: a model system for studying nanoscale phase coexistence at the metal-insulator transition. Sci Rep. 4:4081.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips JJ, Trotter WD, Phillips PP. 2015. Maximizing the Value of Consulting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mahlich JC, Pascha W, editors. 2007. Innovation and Technology in Korea: Challenges of a Newly Advanced Economy. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou J, Lo A, Hao J, Niemegeers I. 2010. A Multi-hop Aware Weighted Scheduling Mechanism for HSDPA and IEEE 802.11 Integrated Network. In: Osipov E, Kassler A, Bohnert TM, Masip-Bruin X, editors. Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 8th International Conference, WWIC 2010, Luleå, Sweden, June 1-3, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 40–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Animal Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Rhesus Monkeys Can Learn To Recognize Themselves In Mirrors. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Review of Certain Activities of the Kentucky Equine Education Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernstein JP. 2010. Helical Symmetry [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. 2017. First-Base Prospect Finally Lives the Dream During a Mets Victory. New York Times.:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quéré 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Quéré 2010; Feng and Krumholz 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feng and Krumholz 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Božin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Animal Research
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Anim. Res.
ISSN (print)0971-2119
ISSN (online)0974-1844
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Veterinary

Other styles