How to format your references using the Journal of Anxiety Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anxiety Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fara, P. (2009). A microscopic reality tale. Nature, 459(7247), 642–644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Excoffier, L., & Hamilton, G. (2003). Comment on “Genetic structure of human populations.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5627), 1877; author reply 1877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burns, P. C., Ewing, R. C., & Navrotsky, A. (2012). Nuclear fuel in a reactor accident. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6073), 1184–1188.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Forgues, J.-C., Sane, F. B., Blanchard, S., Spietz, L., Lupien, C., & Reulet, B. (2013). Noise intensity-intensity correlations and the fourth cumulant of photo-assisted shot noise. Scientific Reports, 3, 2869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spector, P. (2016). Understanding Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ballestar, E. (Ed.). (2011). Epigenetic Contributions in Autoimmune Disease (Vol. 711). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Herzog, A., & Shahmehri, N. (2007). Usability and Security of Personal Firewalls. In H. Venter, M. Eloff, L. Labuschagne, J. Eloff, & R. von Solms (Eds.), New Approaches for Security, Privacy and Trust in Complex Environments: Proceedings of the IFIP TC-11 22nd International Information Security Conference (SEC 2007), 14–16 May 2007, Sandton, South Africa (pp. 37–48). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anxiety Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 24). Court Orders Netherlands to Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Disbursing Transactions, Naval Ship Research and Development Laboratory (No. 092587). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Priddy, J. D.-J. (2014). As Tufa to Sapphire: Gendering the Roles of Medieval Women in Combat (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (2000, May 14). Serial Shoppers Who Terrorize Real Estate Agents. New York Times, p. 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fara, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Excoffier & Hamilton, 2003; Fara, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Excoffier & Hamilton, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Burns, Ewing, & Navrotsky, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Forgues et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anxiety Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Anxiety Disord.
ISSN (print)0887-6185
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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