How to format your references using the Journal of Anxiety Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anxiety Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farrauto, R. J. (2012). Chemistry. Low-temperature oxidation of methane. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6095), 659–660.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kato, Y., & Kaneko, M. K. (2014). A cancer-specific monoclonal antibody recognizes the aberrantly glycosylated podoplanin. Scientific Reports, 4, 5924.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arp, G., Reimer, A., & Reitner, J. (2001). Photosynthesis-induced biofilm calcification and calcium concentrations in Phanerozoic oceans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5522), 1701–1704.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shelby, J. P., Lim, D. S. W., Kuo, J. S., & Chiu, D. T. (2003). Microfluidic systems: high radial acceleration in microvortices. Nature, 425(6953), 38.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBain, G. D. (2012). Theory of Lift. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Peder, R., van der Watt, L.-M., & Howkins, A. (Eds.). (2016). Antarctica and the Humanities. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
AbuRahma, A. F. (2007). Overview of Cerebrovascular Disease. In A. F. AbuRahma & J. J. Bergan (Eds.), Noninvasive Vascular Diagnosis: A Practical Guide to Therapy (pp. 33–49). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anxiety Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 2). 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Vaginas. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Interscholastic Athletics: School Districts Provide Some Assistance to Uninsured Student Athletes (HEHS-00-148). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, M. L. (2010). Examining leadership and the laminated glass ceiling: Gender and leadership traits [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A. (2014, September 13). Doctor Who Worked on Rivers Steps Down From Post at Medical Clinic. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Farrauto, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Farrauto, 2012; Kato & Kaneko, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kato & Kaneko, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Arp et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shelby et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anxiety Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Anxiety Disord.
ISSN (print)0887-6185
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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