How to format your references using the Journal of Anxiety Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anxiety Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Katz, D. L. (2014). Perspective: Obesity is not a disease. Nature, 508(7496), S57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Royer, S., & Paré, D. (2003). Conservation of total synaptic weight through balanced synaptic depression and potentiation. Nature, 422(6931), 518–522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dicke, M., van Loon, J. J. A., & de Jong, P. W. (2004). Ecology. Ecogenomics benefits community ecology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5684), 618–619.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, J., Gao, Q., Zhang, Y., Tan, Y., Tian, W., Zhu, L., & Jiang, L. (2014). Preparing two-dimensional microporous carbon from Pistachio nutshell with high areal capacitance as supercapacitor materials. Scientific Reports, 4, 5545.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derryberry, D. R. (2014). Basic Data Analysis for Time Series with R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Halevi, J. (2016). Post-Keynesian Essays from Down Under Volume III: Essays on Ethics, Social Justice and Economics: Theory and Policy in an Historical Context (G. C. Harcourt, P. Kriesler, & J. W. Nevile, Eds.). Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Kocmanová, A., Dočekalová, M., & Luňáček, J. (2013). PROMETHEE-GAIA Method as a Support of the Decision-Making Process in Evaluating Technical Facilities. In J. Hřebíček, G. Schimak, M. Kubásek, & A. E. Rizzoli (Eds.), Environmental Software Systems. Fostering Information Sharing: 10th IFIP WG 5.11 International Symposium, ISESS 2013, Neusiedl am See, Austria, October 9-11, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 44–53). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anxiety Disorders.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, March 30). How Breast Milk Could Help Prevent The Antibiotic Apocalypse. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Battlefield Automation: Status of the Army Command and Control System Program (NSIAD-86-184FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
James, M. (2014). Numerical Study of Plateau-Rayleigh Instability [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2017, October 3). Grand and Beloved (Sometimes Hated). New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Katz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Katz, 2014; Royer & Paré, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Royer & Paré, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Dicke et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anxiety Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Anxiety Disord.
ISSN (print)0887-6185
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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