How to format your references using the Journal of Anxiety Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anxiety Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuhrman, J. A. (2009). Microbial community structure and its functional implications. Nature, 459(7244), 193–199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shields, G. A., & Kasting, J. F. (2007). Palaeoclimatology: evidence for hot early oceans? Nature, 447(7140), E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ostojic, S., Somfai, E., & Nienhuis, B. (2006). Scale invariance and universality of force networks in static granular matter. Nature, 439(7078), 828–830.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rosas, A., Ríos, L., Estalrrich, A., Liversidge, H., García-Tabernero, A., Huguet, R., Cardoso, H., Bastir, M., Lalueza-Fox, C., de la Rasilla, M., & Dean, C. (2018). Response to Comment on “The growth pattern of Neandertals, reconstructed from a juvenile skeleton from El Sidrón (Spain).” Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6380).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartley, T. (2011). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Cancer. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Havelund, K., Núñez, M., Roşu, G., & Wolff, B. (Eds.). (2006). Formal Approaches to Software Testing and Runtime Verification: First Combined International Workshops, FATES 2006 and RV 2006, Seattle, WA, USA, August 15-16, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 4262). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Talaulicar, T. (2011). Corporate Codes of Ethics: Can Punishments Enhance Their Effectiveness? In A. Brink (Ed.), Corporate Governance and Business Ethics (pp. 89–106). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anxiety Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 20). We Could Find Alien Life, But Politicians Don’t Have The Will. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Acquisition of Automatic Data Processing Equipment (B-115369.07). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cebada-Ricalde, M. C. (2014). Synthesis and characterization of PANI-coated VGCNFs and evaluation of its use for corrosion inhibition [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, November 1). Mets’ Familia Arrested in Domestic Violence Case; 2017 Status in Doubt. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuhrman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fuhrman, 2009; Shields & Kasting, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shields & Kasting, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Ostojic et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rosas et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anxiety Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Anxiety Disord.
ISSN (print)0887-6185
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles