How to format your references using the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Farrauto RJ. Chemistry. Low-temperature oxidation of methane. Science. 2012;337:659–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gombosi TI, Hansen KC. Saturn’s variable magnetosphere. Science. 2005;307:1224–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sanderson MJ, McMahon MM, Steel M. Terraces in phylogenetic tree space. Science. 2011;333:448–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Oganov AR, Martonák R, Laio A, Raiteri P, Parrinello M. Anisotropy of Earth’s D’’ layer and stacking faults in the MgSiO3 post-perovskite phase. Nature. 2005;438:1142–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cox C. An Introduction to LTE. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Peacock RD, Kuligowski ED, Averill JD, editors. Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Couvidat S. Solar Oscillations: Current Trends. In: Miralles MP, Sánchez Almeida J, editors. The Sun, the Solar Wind, and the Heliosphere. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 31–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Species Of Human Discovered In South Africa. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Efforts to Assist the Homeless in Seattle. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jul. Report No.: RCED-94-237R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bogenreif C. Rachmaninoff’s Sonata For Cello and Piano: A Staple in the Cello and Piano Repertoire [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Taking His Off-Season Cuts, Conforto Leaves Demotions Behind. New York Times. 2017 Mar 7;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChild and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
AbbreviationChild Adolesc. Psychiatry Ment. Health
ISSN (online)1753-2000
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles