How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). “Alternative approaches.” Nature, 421(6921), 455.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jung, J., and Bonini, N. (2007). “CREB-binding protein modulates repeat instability in a Drosophila model for polyQ disease.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5820), 1857–1859.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, P., Cohen, R. E., and Haule, K. (2015). “Effects of electron correlations on transport properties of iron at Earth’s core conditions.” Nature, 517(7536), 605–607.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Soukup, V., Epperlein, H.-H., Horácek, I., and Cerny, R. (2008). “Dual epithelial origin of vertebrate oral teeth.” Nature, 455(7214), 795–798.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paris, J. L., and Paris, J. L. (2008). CliffsNotes® Praxis II®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Shaw, R. (Ed.). (2014). Disaster Recovery: Used or Misused Development Opportunity. Disaster Risk Reduction, Methods, Approaches and Practices, Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, B., and Kim, Y.-C. (2016). “Energy Efficient Spectrum Allocation in IP-over-EON with Traffic Grooming.” Nature of Computation and Communication: Second International Conference, ICTCC 2016, Rach Gia, Vietnam, March 17-18, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, P. C. Vinh and L. Barolli, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Antioxidant Supplements May Drive Skin Cancer Spread.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of Key Issues Associated with the Transition to NextGen. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, J. E. (2009). “Job satisfaction and burnout among foreign -trained nurses in Saudi Arabia: A mixed-method study.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016). “A Media Odd Couple Determined to Jell.” New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jung and Bonini 2007; Smaglik 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jung and Bonini 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Soukup et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Aerosp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0893-1321
ISSN (online)1943-5525
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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