How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, G. (2005). “Scientists and societies. Planning for a positive postdoc.” Nature, 434(7037), 1162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Longhi, S., and Della Valle, G. (2013). “Floquet bound states in the continuum.” Scientific reports, 3, 2219.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, G. H., Balogh, A., and Horbury, T. S. (2000). “Identification of comet Hyakutake’s extremely long ion tail from magnetic field signatures.” Nature, 404(6778), 574–576.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tokunaga, K., Saitoh, N., Goldberg, I. G., Sakamoto, C., Yasuda, Y., Yoshida, Y., Yamanaka, S., and Nakao, M. (2014). “Computational image analysis of colony and nuclear morphology to evaluate human induced pluripotent stem cells.” Scientific reports, 4, 6996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bullard, B. (2016). Style and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Costenoble, S. R. (2016). Equivariant Ordinary Homology and Cohomology. Lecture Notes in Mathematics, (S. Waner, ed.), Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Wille, R., and Drechsler, R. (2010). “Embedding of Irreversible Functions.” Towards a Design Flow for Reversible Logic, R. Drechsler, ed., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 93–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). “Don’t Believe Your Eyes, These Strawberries Are Not Red.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Federal Aviation Administration: Financial Management Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sindel, J. (2013). “Vulnerability towards disordered eating in students registered in general education nutrition classes.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S. (2015). “Applying for College Aid Is Set to Get Easier.” New York Times, A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Davis 2005; Longhi and Della Valle 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Longhi and Della Valle 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Tokunaga et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Aerosp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0893-1321
ISSN (online)1943-5525
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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