How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swing, K. (2011). “Day of reckoning for Ecuador’s biodiversity.” Nature, 469(7330), 267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, L., and Head, J. W., Iii. (2007). “An integrated model of kimberlite ascent and eruption.” Nature, 447(7140), 53–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Enquist, B. J., Haskell, J. P., and Tiffney, B. H. (2002). “General patterns of taxonomic and biomass partitioning in extant and fossil plant communities.” Nature, 419(6907), 610–613.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nussey, D. H., Postma, E., Gienapp, P., and Visser, M. E. (2005). “Selection on heritable phenotypic plasticity in a wild bird population.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5746), 304–306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leddra, M. (2010). Time Matters. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Crisan, D. (Ed.). (2011). Stochastic Analysis 2010. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vázquez Álvarez, A. J., and Erwin, R. S. (2015). “Noncooperative Satellite Range Scheduling.” An Introduction to Optimal Satellite Range Scheduling, Springer Optimization and Its Applications, R. S. Erwin, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 77–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). “Students Launch Rocket With A 3D-Printed Engine.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Activities at the Regional Finance and Data Processing Center in Paris, France. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turpie, K. R. (2012). “Enhancement of a canopy reflectance model for understanding the specular and spectral effects of an aquatic background in an inundated tidal marsh.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., and Walsh, M. W. (2010). “MOUNTING DEBTS BY STATES STOKE FEARS OF CRISIS.” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swing 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Swing 2011; Wilson and Head 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Head 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Nussey et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Aerosp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0893-1321
ISSN (online)1943-5525
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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