How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chakravarti, A. (2009). “Being human: kinship: race relations.” Nature, 457(7228), 380–381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petrovic, M., and Hummel, T. (2008). “Temporal identity in axonal target layer recognition.” Nature, 456(7223), 800–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Averill, C., Turner, B. L., and Finzi, A. C. (2014). “Mycorrhiza-mediated competition between plants and decomposers drives soil carbon storage.” Nature, 505(7484), 543–545.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Loya, W. M., Pregitzer, K. S., Karberg, N. J., King, J. S., and Giardina, C. P. (2003). “Reduction of soil carbon formation by tropospheric ozone under increased carbon dioxide levels.” Nature, 425(6959), 705–707.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, M. A., and Kaplan, L. (2012). The Advanced Practice Registered Nurse as a Prescriber. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Zohdi, T. I., and Wriggers, P. (Eds.). (2005). An Introduction to Computational Micromechanics: Corrected Second Printing. Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ulbricht, M.-R. (2012). “Privacy Settings in Online Social Networks as a Conflict of Interests: Regulating User Behavior on Facebook.” Computational Social Networks: Security and Privacy, A. Abraham, ed., Springer, London, 115–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “Spectacular Solar Eruption Caught On Camera.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). New Denver Airport: Safety, Construction, Capacity, and Financing Considerations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richard, K. (2017). “College Programs in Women’s Prisons: Faculty Perceptions of Teaching Higher Education Behind Bars.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992). “THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; There They Go Again: Clinton and Gore Climb Back on Bus for a 3-Day Trip.” New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chakravarti 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Chakravarti 2009; Petrovic and Hummel 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Petrovic and Hummel 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Loya et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Aerosp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0893-1321
ISSN (online)1943-5525
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles