How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelson, J. 2001. “Solar energy. Solar cells by self-assembly?” Science, 293 (5532): 1059–1060.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillette, M. U., and T. J. Sejnowski. 2005. “Physiology. Biological clocks coordinately keep life on time.” Science, 309 (5738): 1196–1198.
A journal article with 3 authors
Erickson, B., R. Singh, and P. Winters. 2011. “Synthetic biology: regulating industry uses of new biotechnologies.” Science, 333 (6047): 1254–1256.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, D.-S., A. Vogel, H. Jung, K.-S. Lee, M. Weigand, H. Stoll, G. Schütz, P. Fischer, G. Meier, and S.-K. Kim. 2013. “Wave modes of collective vortex gyration in dipolar-coupled-dot-array magnonic crystals.” Sci. Rep., 3: 2262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, E., and S. Noppe-Brandon. 2011. Imagination First. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Verbert, K., M. Sharples, and T. Klobučar (Eds.). 2016. Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, A. 2011. “Pre-transplant Evaluation.” Blood and Marrow Transplant Handbook: Comprehensive Guide for Patient Care, R. T. Maziarz and S. Slater, eds., 27–37. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Meet Butterfly, A Rare Sheep-Goat Hybrid.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Transportation Infrastructure: Flexibility in Federal-Aid Funding Essential to Highway Program Restructuring. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein, J. 2017. “Mississippian Space and Place: A Geographical Study of Archaeological Site Data in the American Bottom.” Doctoral dissertation. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. 2017. “Silvery, Then Raucous: A Leap Across Time.” New York Times, August 16, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nelson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gillette and Sejnowski 2005; Nelson 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gillette and Sejnowski 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Aerosp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0893-1321
ISSN (online)1943-5525
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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