How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gladman, B. (2005). “The Kuiper belt and the solar system’s comet disk.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5706), 71–75.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mahadevan, L., and Rica, S. (2005). “Self-organized origami.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5716), 1740.
A journal article with 3 authors
Borys, N. J., Shafran, E., and Lupton, J. M. (2013). “Surface plasmon delocalization in silver nanoparticle aggregates revealed by subdiffraction supercontinuum hot spots.” Scientific reports, 3, 2090.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ohwada, M., Kimoto, K., Mizoguchi, T., Ebina, Y., and Sasaki, T. (2013). “Atomic structure of titania nanosheet with vacancies.” Scientific reports, 3, 2801.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stein, R. L. (2011). Kinetics of Enzyme Action. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bernus, P., Doumeingts, G., and Fox, M. (Eds.). (2010). Enterprise Architecture, Integration and Interoperability: IFIP TC 5 International Conference, EAI2N 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bianchini, D., Castano, S., De Antonellis, V., Ferrara, A., Quintarelli, E., and Tanca, L. (2014). “RUBIK: Proactive, Entity-Centric and Personalized Situational Web Application Design.” Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems XIII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, A. Hameurlain, J. Küng, and R. Wagner, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 123–157.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Premature Birth Linked With Lower Wealth: How Education Could Help Bridge The Gap.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Higher Education: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Trends and the Role of Federal Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moncur, H. B. (2014). “Exploring primary caregivers’ perceptions of the effects of secondhand marijuana smoke on children: A quantitative study.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017). “Broadway Revival Set For Lauded ‘Angels.’” New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gladman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gladman 2005; Mahadevan and Rica 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mahadevan and Rica 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ohwada et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Aerosp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0893-1321
ISSN (online)1943-5525
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles