How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lupas, A. N. 2014. “Protein Design. What I cannot create, I do not understand.” Science, 346 (6216): 1455–1456.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang, M. L., and F. Yang. 2014. “Size effect model on kinetics of interfacial reaction between Sn-xAg-yCu solders and Cu substrate.” Sci. Rep., 4: 7117.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nolan, D., I. James, and S. Mallal. 2005. “HIV/AIDS. HIV: experiencing the pressures of modern life.” Science, 307 (5714): 1422–1424.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Biskup, C., J. Kusch, E. Schulz, V. Nache, F. Schwede, F. Lehmann, V. Hagen, and K. Benndorf. 2007. “Relating ligand binding to activation gating in CNGA2 channels.” Nature, 446 (7134): 440–443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunker, G., and D. Thomson. 2006. Delivering Utility Computing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gouliamos, A. D., J. Andreou, and P. Kosmidis (Eds.). 2014. Imaging in Clinical Oncology. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, J., T. Feng, and A. Fujiwara. 2013. “Integrated Policy Analysis of Sustainable Urban and Transportation Development.” Sustainable Transport Studies in Asia, Lecture Notes in Mobility, A. Fujiwara and J. Zhang, eds., 87–111. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2017. “A Completely New Human Organ Has Just Been Officially Discovered.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Advanced Reactor Research: DOE Supports Multiple Technologies, but Actions Needed to Ensure a Prototype Is Built. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGary, J. 2012. “Gender and the poverty-conflict trap.” Doctoral dissertation. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lambert, B., and S. Chang. 2006. “After Legal Battle, Nassau Leader Is Re-elected.” New York Times, February 11, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lupas 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Huang and Yang 2014; Lupas 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huang and Yang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Biskup et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Aerosp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0893-1321
ISSN (online)1943-5525
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles