How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spiegelhalter, D. J. (2014). “Statistics. The future lies in uncertainty.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6194), 264–265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fragoso, G., and Spencer, T. (2008). “Physiographic control on the development of Spartina marshes.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5904), 1064.
A journal article with 3 authors
Comas, D., Petit, F., and Preat, T. (2004). “Drosophila long-term memory formation involves regulation of cathepsin activity.” Nature, 430(6998), 460–463.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Biron, K. E., Dickstein, D. L., Gopaul, R., Fenninger, F., and Jefferies, W. A. (2013). “Cessation of neoangiogenesis in Alzheimer’s disease follows amyloid-beta immunization.” Scientific reports, 3, 1354.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Demaria, C. (2013). Introduction to Private Equity. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Sullivan, P. (2013). Teaching with Tasks for Effective Mathematics Learning. Mathematics Teacher Education, (D. Clarke and B. Clarke, eds.), Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
de Gemmis, M., Lops, P., Musto, C., Narducci, F., and Semeraro, G. (2015). “Semantics-Aware Content-Based Recommender Systems.” Recommender Systems Handbook, F. Ricci, L. Rokach, and B. Shapira, eds., Springer US, Boston, MA, 119–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). “A New Intermediate-Mass Black Hole Discovered And It’s Orbited By A Pulsar!” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Railroad Safety: Engineer Work Shift Length and Schedule Variability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McAvoy, D. L. (2012). “Coming of age with Shakespeare: The convergence of American youth culture and high culture since the 1980s.” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sutherland, J. (2016). “He Loved Opium, Murder and Wordsworth.” New York Times, BR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spiegelhalter 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fragoso and Spencer 2008; Spiegelhalter 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fragoso and Spencer 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Biron et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Aerosp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0893-1321
ISSN (online)1943-5525
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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