How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer, M. N. (2014). “Misjudgements will drive social trials underground.” Nature, 511(7509), 265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Striedter, G. F., and Srinivasan, S. (2015). “BRAIN EVOLUTION. Knowing when to fold them.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6243), 31–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ishii, H., Sakurai, Y., and Maruyama, T. (2014). “Effect of soccer shoe upper on ball behaviour in curve kicks.” Scientific reports, 4, 6067.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, B., Yang, X., Xia, L., Majeed, M. I., and Tan, B. (2013). “Hollow microporous organic capsules.” Scientific reports, 3, 2128.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krasner, D. (2016). A History of Modern Drama. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gohberg, I., Alpay, D., Arazy, J., Atzmon, A., Ball, J. A., Ben-Artzi, A., Bercovici, H., Böttcher, A., Clancey, K., Coburn, L. A., Davidson, K. R., Douglas, R. G., Dijksma, A., Dym, H., Fuhrmann, P. A., Gramsch, B., Heinig, G., Helton, J. A., Kaashoek, M. A., Kaper, H. G., Kuroda, S. T., Lancaster, P., Lerer, L. E., Mityagin, B., Peller, V. V., Rodman, L., Rovnyak, J., Sarason, D. E., Spitkovsky, I. M., Treil, S., Upmeier, H., Verduyn Lunel, S. M., Voiculescu, D., Widom, H., Xia, D., Yafaev, D., Kaashoek, M. A., Seatzu, S., and Mee, C. van der (Eds.). (2005). Recent Advances in Operator Theory and its Applications: The Israel Gohberg Anniversary Volume. Operator Theory: Advances and Applications, Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Blum, E. K. (2011). “The Hardware Side.” Computer Science: The Hardware, Software and Heart of It, E. K. Blum and A. V. Aho, eds., Springer, New York, NY, 71–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Scientists Trace The Evolution Of Beer.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Summary of United States Assistance to Jordan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vernold, E. L. (2008). “Special education teacher resiliency: What keeps teachers in the field?” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kalogerakis, G. (2012). “A Life in Pictures.” New York Times, MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willoughby 2007).
This sentence cites two references (deMenocal 2001; Sanderson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Striedter and Srinivasan 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (West et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Aerosp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0893-1321
ISSN (online)1943-5525
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles