How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gerya, T. 2010. “Dynamical instability produces transform faults at mid-ocean ridges.” Science, 329 (5995): 1047–1050.
A journal article with 2 authors
Voesenek, L. A. C. J., and R. Pierik. 2008. “Plant science. Plant stress profiles.” Science, 320 (5878): 880–881.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hopkins, A. L., M. J. Witty, and S. Nwaka. 2007. “Mission possible.” Nature, 449 (7159): 166–169.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, J., K. Inoue, J. Ishii, W. B. Vanti, S. V. Voronov, E. Murchison, G. Hannon, and A. Abeliovich. 2007. “A MicroRNA feedback circuit in midbrain dopamine neurons.” Science, 317 (5842): 1220–1224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoppert, M. 2005. Microscopic Techniques in Biotechnology. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Geertman, S., J. Ferreira Jr., R. Goodspeed, and J. Stillwell (Eds.). 2015. Planning Support Systems and Smart Cities. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
McGinty, S. 2016. “From the Boardroom to the Corner Store: Globalization, Law and Economic Organization.” Flexibility in Modern Business Law: A Comparative Assessment, M. Fenwick and S. Wrbka, eds., 49–67. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2016. “City Birds Have Shorter Telomeres.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Federal Student Loans: Challenges in Estimating Federal Subsidy Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zellner, K. M. 2008. “An examination of grade distribution patterns and grade inflation at a baccalaureate nursing program.” Doctoral dissertation. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. 2016. “A Grievous Homecoming (It’s O.K. to Laugh).” New York Times, September 8, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gerya 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gerya 2010; Voesenek and Pierik 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Voesenek and Pierik 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Aerosp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0893-1321
ISSN (online)1943-5525
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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