How to format your references using the Forensic Science Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forensic Science Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 .
deMenocal PB: Anthropology. Climate and human evolution; Science 331:540; 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 .
Calabrese EJ, Baldwin LA: Toxicology rethinks its central belief; Nature 421:691; 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 .
Halevy I, Peters SE, Fischer WW: Sulfate burial constraints on the Phanerozoic sulfur cycle; Science 337:331; 2012.
A journal article with 21 or more authors
1 .
Klein DE, Nappi VM, Reeves GT, Shvartsman SY, Lemmon MA: Argos inhibits epidermal growth factor receptor signalling by ligand sequestration; Nature 430:1040; 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 .
Simmendinger H: HOAI 2013: Praxisleitfaden für Ingenieure und Architekten; D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2013.
An edited book
1 .
Wu C, Cohen A, editors: Advanced Parallel Processing Technologies: 10th International Symposium, APPT 2013, Stockholm, Sweden, August 27-28, 2013, Revised Selected Papers; Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1 .
de Braine R, Roodt G: Personal and Situational Work-Based Identity Antecedents; In Jansen PGW, Roodt G (Eds): Conceptualising and Measuring Work Identity: South-African Perspectives and Findings; Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forensic Science Review.

Blog post
1 .
Luntz S: Chemotherapy Drug Can Replace Immunity Suppression; IFLScience; IFLScience; 2014.; (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 .
Government Accountability Office: Pipeline Safety: Systematic Process Needed to Evaluate Outcomes of Research and Development Program; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jun; Report No.: GAO-03-746.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 .
Larson SE: A case of rational irrationality: Evidence of expressive interest bias in state e-commerce sales and use tax legislation [Doctoral dissertation]; [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 .
Chapman MM: Your Earrings Remind Me of Grandma’s Gran Torino; New York Times; 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleForensic Science Review
ISSN (print)1042-7201

Other styles