How to format your references using the Forensic Science Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forensic Science Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 .
de Waal FBM: The antiquity of empathy; Science 336:874; 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 .
Smith JS, Boeke JD: Transcription. Is S phase important for transcriptional silencing?; Science 291:608; 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 .
Adini Y, Sagi D, Tsodyks M: Context-enabled learning in the human visual system; Nature 415:790; 2002.
A journal article with 21 or more authors
1 .
Gross T, Rudolf L, Levin SA, Dieckmann U: Generalized models reveal stabilizing factors in food webs; Science 325:747; 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 .
Berthier J, Brakke KA, Berthier E: Open Microfluidics; Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1 .
Foster HD: Creating Assertion-Based IP; Krolnik AC (Ed); Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1 .
Ito U, Hakamata Y, Watabe K, Oyanagi K: Astrocytic Involvement in the Maturation Phenomenon After Temporary Cerebral Ischemia; In Katayama Y, Maeda T, Kuroiwa T (Eds): Brain Edema XV; Vienna: Springer; 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forensic Science Review.

Blog post
1 .
Luntz S: How Learning To Read Transforms Your Deep Brain; IFLScience; IFLScience; 2017.; (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 .
Government Accountability Office: Department of Transportation: Experts Identified Areas for Operational Improvements without Implementing Organizational Changes; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 May; Report No.: GAO-17-478.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 .
Green B: Bullying of Individuals with Disabilities on a College Campus: A Qualitative Study [Doctoral dissertation]; [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 .
Hodgman J: Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman; New York Times; 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleForensic Science Review
ISSN (print)1042-7201

Other styles