How to format your references using the Forensic Science Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forensic Science Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 .
Gould J: Gene therapy: Genie in a vector; Nature 515:S160; 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 .
Handschin C, Spiegelman BM: The role of exercise and PGC1alpha in inflammation and chronic disease; Nature 454:463; 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 .
Ganesh G, Osu R, Naito E: Feeling the force: returning haptic signals influence effort inference during motor coordination; Sci Rep 3:2648; 2013.
A journal article with 21 or more authors
1 .
Hsu T-C, Liu K-K, Chang H-C, Hwang E, Chao J-I: Labeling of neuronal differentiation and neuron cells with biocompatible fluorescent nanodiamonds; Sci Rep 4:5004; 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 .
Arteaga R, Hyland J: Pivot; Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1 .
Gullotta TP, Bloom M, Gullotta CF, Messina JC, editors: A Blueprint for Promoting Academic and Social Competence in After-School Programs; Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1 .
Gemzöe L: Working the Way to Santiago de Compostela: Masculinities and Spiritualities of Capitalism; In Gemzöe L, Keinänen M-L, Maddrell A (Eds): Contemporary Encounters in Gender and Religion: European Perspectives; Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forensic Science Review.

Blog post
1 .
Taub B: This Is How Your Brain Figures Out When Your Belly Is Full; IFLScience; IFLScience; 2016.; (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 .
Government Accountability Office: Space Funding: NASA and DOD Activities for Fiscal Years 1981 Through 1989; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Mar; Report No.: NSIAD-89-102FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 .
Pearson D: A High-Level Fuzzy Logic Guidance System for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) Tasked to Perform an Autonomous Launch and Recovery (ALR) of an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) [Doctoral dissertation]; [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 .
Cooper BM: The Scramblin’ Kids of Harlem; New York Times; 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleForensic Science Review
ISSN (print)1042-7201

Other styles