How to format your references using the Forensic Science Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forensic Science Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 .
Curran DP: Chemistry. Fluorous tags unstick messy chemical biology problems; Science 321:1645; 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 .
Liu J, Diamond J: China’s environment in a globalizing world; Nature 435:1179; 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 .
Conard NJ, Grootes PM, Smith FH: Unexpectedly recent dates for human remains from Vogelherd; Nature 430:198; 2004.
A journal article with 21 or more authors
1 .
He J-X, Gendron JM, Sun Y, Gampala SSL, Gendron N, Sun CQ, Wang Z-Y: BZR1 is a transcriptional repressor with dual roles in brassinosteroid homeostasis and growth responses; Science 307:1634; 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 .
Windom CA Sr, Gaidhani H, Fontana A: Virtualizing; Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1 .
Noah SA, Abdullah A, Arshad H, Abu Bakar A, Othman ZA, Sahran S, Omar N, Othman Z, editors: Soft Computing Applications and Intelligent Systems: Second International Multi-Conference on Artificial Intelligence Technology, M-CAIT 2013, Shah Alam, August 28-29, 2013. Proceedings; Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1 .
Schumacher R, Seaver LH, Spranger J: Skeletal Dysplasias; In Seaver LH, Spranger J (Eds): Fetal Radiology: A Diagnostic Atlas; Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forensic Science Review.

Blog post
1 .
Andrew E: How Nigeria Beat The Ebola Virus In Three Months; IFLScience; IFLScience; 2015.; (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 .
Government Accountability Office: Hispanics’ Schooling: Risk Factors for Dropping Out and Barriers to Resuming Their Education; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jul; Report No.: PEMD-94-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 .
Robertson M: Respite efficacy for parents of adults with intellectual disabilities: An ethnographic perspective [Doctoral dissertation]; [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleForensic Science Review
ISSN (print)1042-7201

Other styles