How to format your references using the Current Addiction Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Addiction Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Machens CK. Neuroscience. Building the human brain. Science. 2012;338:1156–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. van Der Merwe PA, Davis SJ. Immunology. The immunological synapse--a multitasking system. Science. 2002;295:1479–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Karlin S, Bergman A, Gentles AJ. Genomics. Annotation of the Drosophila genome. Nature. 2001;411:259–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rubinstein JL, Vidale JE, Gomberg J, Bodin P, Creager KC, Malone SD. Non-volcanic tremor driven by large transient shear stresses. Nature. 2007;448:579–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Magnasco V. Models for Bonding in Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Brocard C, Hartig A, editors. Molecular Machines Involved in Peroxisome Biogenesis and Maintenance. Vienna: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Vaclavik VA, Christian EW. Pectins and Gums. In: Christian EW, editor. Essentials of Food Science. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 53–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Addiction Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Trench deeper than the Grand Canyon discovered under Antarctic ice [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Data Center Consolidation: Reporting Can Be Improved to Reflect Substantial Planned Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Sep. Report No.: GAO-14-713.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Francis TM. The Lived Experience of Caribbean Women and Their Experiences as Senior-Level Leaders: A Phenomenological Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Revises Plan to Reduce Debt as Optimism Dwindles. New York Times. 2016 Jan 19;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Addiction Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Addict. Rep.
ISSN (online)2196-2952

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