How to format your references using the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muro M. ARCHAEOLOGY: Arizona to Take High Road to Preservation? Science. 2000;290:422b–423b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore MJ, Rosbash M. Cell biology. TAPping into mRNA export. Science. 2001;294:1841–1842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jensen K, Call J, Tomasello M. Chimpanzees are rational maximizers in an ultimatum game. Science. 2007;318:107–109.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sweere U, Eichenberg K, Lohrmann J, et al. Interaction of the response regulator ARR4 with phytochrome B in modulating red light signaling. Science. 2001;294:1108–1111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang Z-G. Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Ismail AF. Gas Separation Membranes: Polymeric and Inorganic. Chandra Khulbe K, Matsuura T, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouleau N. Dirichlet Forms Methods: An Application to the Propagation of the Error Due to the Euler Scheme. In: Dalang RC, Russo F, Dozzi M, editors. Seminar on Stochastic Analysis, Random Fields and Applications V: Centro Stefano Franscini, Ascona, May 2005. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2008. p. 57–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Caiman Tears Quench Thirst of Bee and Butterfly. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Service Modernization: Despite Progress, Significant Problems and Risks Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995. Report No.: T-AIMD-95-87. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shibata CL. Building positive body image in adolescent girls: An evaluation of a body image prevention program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Kelly With. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; Detective for Perot Describes Inquiry Into a Rival Business. New York Times. 1992 Jul 8;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adhesion Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Adhes. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0169-4243
ISSN (online)1568-5616
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles