How to format your references using the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blanchard JL. Climate change: A rewired food web. Nature. 2015;527:173–174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conard NJ, Bolus M. Anthropology. Chronicling modern human’s arrival in Europe. Science. 2015;348:754–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pendry JB, Luo Y, Zhao R. Transforming the optical landscape. Science. 2015;348:521–524.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keller PJ, Schmidt AD, Wittbrodt J, et al. Reconstruction of zebrafish early embryonic development by scanned light sheet microscopy. Science. 2008;322:1065–1069.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walkenbach J. Excel® 2010 Power Programming with VBA. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Metwally M, Li T-C, editors. Reproductive Surgery in Assisted Conception. London: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ilić D, Laibinis L, Latvala T, et al. Deployment in the Space Sector. In: Romanovsky A, Thomas M, editors. Industrial Deployment of System Engineering Methods. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 45–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hale T. Thousands Of Dead Lobsters Are Washing Up On Beaches In California [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Early Childhood Programs: The Use of Impact Evaluations to Assess Program Effects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001. Report No.: GAO-01-542. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hebel O. Parental involvement in the individual educational program for Israeli students with disabilities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Take Up Battle Over Exxon Valdez Damages. New York Times. 2008 Feb 28;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adhesion Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Adhes. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0169-4243
ISSN (online)1568-5616
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles