How to format your references using the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Masood E. Arab liberals must stay in the game. Nature. 2012;488:131.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tao Z-Y, Fan Y-X. Orthogonality breaking induces extraordinary single-mode transparency in an elaborate waveguide with wall corrugations. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7092.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smothers JF, Henikoff S, Carter P. Tech.Sight. Phage display. Affinity selection from biological libraries. Science. 2002;298:621–622.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gilijamse JJ, Hoekstra S, van de Meerakker SYT, et al. Near-threshold inelastic collisions using molecular beams with a tunable velocity. Science. 2006;313:1617–1620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kukushkin A. Radio Wave Propagation in the Marine Boundary Layer. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
Pasupuleti VK, Demain AL, editors. Protein Hydrolysates in Biotechnology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Affronti A, Orlando A, Cottone M. Course of Crohn’s Disease. In: Lo Re G, Midiri M, editors. Crohn’s Disease: Radiological Features and Clinical-Surgical Correlations. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 31–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Extraordinary Black-And-White Photos Of African Wildlife By Laurent Baheux [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Follow-up National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990. Report No.: T-RCED-90-89. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yi Z. Dynamics of bio-membranes investigated by neutron spin echo: Effects of phospholipid conformations and presence of lidocaine [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Montauk Yacht Club Sold for $34 Million. New York Times. 2007 Apr 15;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adhesion Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Adhes. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0169-4243
ISSN (online)1568-5616
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles