How to format your references using the Journal of Abnormal Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Abnormal Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2011). Vaccines: Know your enemy. Nature, 471(7339), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reik, W., & Kelsey, G. (2014). Epigenetics: Cellular memory erased in human embryos. Nature, 511(7511), 540–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keppler, H., Wiedenbeck, M., & Shcheka, S. S. (2003). Carbon solubility in olivine and the mode of carbon storage in the Earth’s mantle. Nature, 424(6947), 414–416.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Meyer, J. C., Geim, A. K., Katsnelson, M. I., Novoselov, K. S., Booth, T. J., & Roth, S. (2007). The structure of suspended graphene sheets. Nature, 446(7131), 60–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldwin, D., Birkett, J., Facey, O., & Rabey, G. (2013). The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of Tool Marks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lambropoulos, P. (2007). Fundamentals of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information (D. Petrosyan, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alfred, W., & John, A. (2006). Stigmergic Navigation for Multi-Agent Teams in Complex Environments. In G. Crina & R. Vitorino (Eds.), Stigmergic Optimization (pp. 85–116). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Abnormal Psychology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, September 6). Gravitational Waves Are Produced Quickly In Galaxy Mergers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Settlement of Accounts of Certifying Officer, Lewis Research Center (No. 092399). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Danso Odei, P. K. (2017). Effective Resolution of The Bibiani-Anhwianso-Bekwai District Healthcare Delivery System: An Outcome-Based Evaluative Case [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dudziak, M. L. (2016, July 23). Trump and America’s Promise. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2011; Reik & Kelsey, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reik & Kelsey, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Keppler et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Meyer et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Abnormal Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Abnorm. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0021-843X
ISSN (online)1939-1846
ScopeClinical Psychology

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