How to format your references using the Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oppenheim, J. (2006) ‘Physics. Implementing a quantum computation by free falling’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5764), pp. 1106–1107.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, N. and Grayson, M. (2014) ‘Index 2014 Global’, Nature, 515(7526), p. S49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang, L., Yang, N. and Li, B. (2013) ‘Reduction of thermal conductivity by nanoscale 3D phononic crystal’, Scientific reports, 3, p. 1143.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krenner, W., Kühne, D., Klappenberger, F. and Barth, J. V. (2013) ‘Assessment of scanning tunneling spectroscopy modes inspecting electron confinement in surface-confined supramolecular networks’, Scientific reports, 3, p. 1454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Studer, Q. (2007) Results that Last. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Duindam, V. (2009) Modeling and Control of Complex Physical Systems: The Port-Hamiltonian Approach. Edited by A. Macchelli, S. Stramigioli, and H. Bruyninckx. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cvetkovic, D., Abdullah, H. and Chaparro-Vargas, R. (2015) ‘A Review of Methods to Characterize and Classify Sleep, Depression and Schizophrenia Disorders’, in Adibi, S. (ed.) Mobile Health: A Technology Road Map. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Springer Series in Bio-/Neuroinformatics), pp. 77–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Extremely Rare Red Fox Observed In Yosemite For First Time In Almost A Century, IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed: 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Executive Office of the President: Analysis of EOP’s 1999 Information Technology Architecture Update and Capital Investment Plan Report. AIMD-00-63R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffin, M. G. (2008) The lived experience of first line managers during planned organizational change: A phenomenological study of one firm in the residential construction industry. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017) ‘Bringing to Light a Seminal Figure’, New York Times, 26 August, p. SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Oppenheim, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Oppenheim, 2006; Campbell and Grayson, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell and Grayson, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Yang, Yang and Li, 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Krenner et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety
ISSN (print)2411-3174
ISSN (online)2411-0388

Other styles