How to format your references using the Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Andrian, U. H. (2002) ‘Immunology. T cell activation in six dimensions’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), pp. 1815–1817.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prokopenko, M. and Lizier, J. T. (2014) ‘Transfer entropy and transient limits of computation’, Scientific reports, 4, p. 5394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Planutis, K., Planutiene, M. and Holcombe, R. F. (2014) ‘A novel signaling pathway regulates colon cancer angiogenesis through Norrin’, Scientific reports, 4, p. 5630.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ubersax, J. A., Woodbury, E. L., Quang, P. N., Paraz, M., Blethrow, J. D., Shah, K., Shokat, K. M. and Morgan, D. O. (2003) ‘Targets of the cyclin-dependent kinase Cdk1’, Nature, 425(6960), pp. 859–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonald, T. and Feuillet, M. (2011) Network Performance Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sericola, B., Telek, M. and Horváth, G. (eds) (2014) Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 21st International Conference, ASMTA 2014, Budapest, Hungary, June 30 – July 2, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Prashanth, L. A., Korda, N. and Munos, R. (2014) ‘Fast LSTD Using Stochastic Approximation: Finite Time Analysis and Application to Traffic Control’, in Calders, T., Esposito, F., Hüllermeier, E., and Meo, R. (eds) Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2014, Nancy, France, September 15-19, 2014. Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (Lecture Notes in Computer Science), pp. 66–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014) Fix fractured bones with silk screws, IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed: 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Critical Infrastructure Protection: Comments on the National Plan for Information Systems Protection. T-AIMD-00-72. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miranda, P. J. (2015) Tightly-coupled sulfur-cycling microbial mats of the White Point hydrothermal vent field, CA: An analog for deep-sea vents. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Goodman, J. and White, R. (2015) ‘2nd Victim Found in Rubble of Brooklyn Building That Exploded’, New York Times, 6 October, p. A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Andrian, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (von Andrian, 2002; Prokopenko and Lizier, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prokopenko and Lizier, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Planutis, Planutiene and Holcombe, 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ubersax et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety
ISSN (print)2411-3174
ISSN (online)2411-0388

Other styles