How to format your references using the Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fairley, W. B. (2000) ‘Outrageous events: don’t count them out’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5492), p. 715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jamison, D. T. and Sandbu, M. E. (2001) ‘Global health. WHO ranking of health system performance’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5535), pp. 1595–1596.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guedes, J. D., Bocinsky, R. K. and Butler, E. E. (2015) ‘Asian archaeology. Comment on "Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3600 B.P. "’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6237), p. 872.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, P. L.-F., Lynett, P., Fernando, H., Jaffe, B. E., Fritz, H., Higman, B., Morton, R., Goff, J. and Synolakis, C. (2005) ‘Observations by the international tsunami survey team in Sri Lanka’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), p. 1595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beecken, W. H. and Beecken, C. A. (2017) Fraud Examination Casebook with Documents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gheyi, R. and Naumann, D. (eds) (2012) Formal Methods: Foundations and Applications: 15th Brazilian Symposium, SBMF 2012, Natal, Brazil, September 23-28, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Pluhacek, M., Senkerik, R. and Zelinka, I. (2013) ‘Multiple Choice Strategy – A Novel Approach for Particle Swarm Optimization – Preliminary Study’, in Rutkowski, L., Korytkowski, M., Scherer, R., Tadeusiewicz, R., Zadeh, L. A., and Zurada, J. M. (eds) Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 12th International Conference, ICAISC 2013, Zakopane, Poland, June 9-13, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (Lecture Notes in Computer Science), pp. 36–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017) Early Universe Discovery Might Help Explain How Galaxies Got So Big So Quickly, IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed: 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Telecommunications: Court Challenges to FCC’s Universal Service Order and Federal Support for Telecommunications for Schools and Libraries. RCED/OGC-98-172R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Osterhout, H. L. (2010) No More “Mad Money”: Salvaging the Commander’s Emergency Response Program. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brunnermeier, M., James, H. and Landau, J.-P. (2016) ‘Pondering Franco-German relations anew’, New York Times, 27 October, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fairley, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Fairley, 2000; Jamison and Sandbu, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jamison and Sandbu, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Guedes, Bocinsky and Butler, 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety
ISSN (print)2411-3174
ISSN (online)2411-0388

Other styles