How to format your references using the Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Duve, C. (2005) ‘The onset of selection’, Nature, 433(7026), pp. 581–582.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, F. and Ravetch, J. V. (2011) ‘Inhibitory Fcγ receptor engagement drives adjuvant and anti-tumor activities of agonistic CD40 antibodies’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6045), pp. 1030–1034.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi, Y., Tyson, G. W. and DeLong, E. F. (2009) ‘Metatranscriptomics reveals unique microbial small RNAs in the ocean’s water column’, Nature, 459(7244), pp. 266–269.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Schnepp, Z., Cao, J., Ouyang, S., Li, Y., Ye, J. and Liu, S. (2013) ‘Biopolymer-activated graphitic carbon nitride towards a sustainable photocathode material’, Scientific reports, 3, p. 2163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gasser, W., Heiner, E. and Elk, K. (2005) Greensche Funktionen in Festkörper- und Vielteilchenphysik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Pawankar, R., Holgate, S. T. and Rosenwasser, L. J. (eds) (2010) Allergy Frontiers: Therapy and Prevention. Tokyo: Springer Japan (Allergy Frontiers).
A chapter in an edited book
Paulino, H., Martins, J. A., Lourenço, J. and Duro, N. (2010) ‘SmART: An Application Reconfiguration Framework’, in Aiguier, M., Bretaudeau, F., and Krob, D. (eds) Complex Systems Design & Management: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Complex System Design & Management CSDM 2010. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 73–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Homemade Magneto Shoes Let This X-Men Fan Walk On The Ceiling, IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Explosives Detection Canines: TSA Has Taken Steps to Analyze Canine Team Data and Assess the Effectiveness of Passenger Screening Canines. GAO-14-695T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevenson, M. (2008) A change for the future: Presidents and deans real and ideal leadership practices at community and junior colleges in Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006) ‘Former Playmate Wins Procedural Round in Fight Over Estate’, New York Times, 2 May, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Duve, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (de Duve, 2005; Li and Ravetch, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Ravetch, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Shi, Tyson and DeLong, 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety
ISSN (print)2411-3174
ISSN (online)2411-0388

Other styles