How to format your references using the Biomarker Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomarker Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chapman T. Seeing is believing. Nature. 2003;425:867–73.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Longo VD, Finch CE. Evolutionary medicine: from dwarf model systems to healthy centenarians? Science. 2003;299:1342–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Maffione M, Morris A, Anderson MW. Recognizing detachment-mode seafloor spreading in the deep geological past. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2336.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Maricich SM, Wellnitz SA, Nelson AM, Lesniak DR, Gerling GJ, Lumpkin EA, et al. Merkel cells are essential for light-touch responses. Science. 2009;324:1580–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Implementing Process Safety Management Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1994.
An edited book
1. Kozlov VV, Buslaev AP, Bugaev AS, Yashina MV, Schadschneider A, Schreckenberg M, editors. Traffic and Granular Flow ’11. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bhandare N, Eisbruch A, Antonelli PJ, Mendenhall WM. Radiation-Induced Ototoxicity. In: Rubin P, Constine LS, Marks LB, editors. ALERT • Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment: Volume 2: Normal Tissue Specific Sites and Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 109–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomarker Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Dark Grape Compound May Help The Body Burn Fat [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/dark-grape-compound-may-help-body-burn-fat/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Financial Audit: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Fiscal Year 2004 Management Representation Letter on Its Financial Statements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jun. Report No.: GAO-05-591R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. San KA. Synthesis of Alkanethiolate-Capped Metal Nanoparticles Using Alkyl Thiosulfate Ligand Precursors for Selective Catalytic Reactions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Arango T, Gordon MR. ISIS Is Routed As Iraqi Forces Reclaim Mosul. New York Times. 2017 Jul 9;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomarker Research
AbbreviationBiomark. Res.
ISSN (online)2050-7771
Scope

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