How to format your references using the Biomarker Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomarker Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cibelli J. Developmental biology. A decade of cloning mystique. Science. 2007;316:990–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Iwahara J, Clore GM. Detecting transient intermediates in macromolecular binding by paramagnetic NMR. Nature. 2006;440:1227–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pullium JK, Roble GS, Raymond MA. Emergency planning: Be prepared. Nature. 2014;514:430.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Thomas A, Rahmanian S, Bordbar A, Palsson BØ, Jamshidi N. Network reconstruction of platelet metabolism identifies metabolic signature for aspirin resistance. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3925.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. van Etten WC. Introduction to Random Signals and Noise. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Hepburn HR. Honeybee Nests: Composition, Structure, Function. Pirk CWW, Duangphakdee O, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ewing ET. “A Most Powerful Instrument for a Despot”: The Telegraph as a Trans-national Instrument of Imperial Control and Political Mobilization in the Middle East. In: Löhr I, Wenzlhuemer R, editors. The Nation State and Beyond: Governing Globalization Processes in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 83–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomarker Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Short, Sharp Shocks Let Slip The Stories Of Supernovae [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/short-sharp-shocks-let-slip-stories-supernovae/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal R&D Laboratories. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Feb. Report No.: RCED/NSIAD-96-78R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gonzalez SN. Analysis of the impact of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act on California’s children: A report card on the CalWORKs program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices Stay Execution, A Signal to Lower Courts. New York Times. 2007 Oct 31;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomarker Research
AbbreviationBiomark. Res.
ISSN (online)2050-7771
Scope

Other styles