How to format your references using the Biomarker Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomarker Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ganz T. Immunology. Versatile defensins. Science. 2002;298:977–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fetler L, Amigorena S. Neuroscience. Brain under surveillance: the microglia patrol. Science. 2005;309:392–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Suma K, Sumiyoshi Y, Endo Y. The rotational spectrum of the water-hydroperoxy radical (H2O-HO2) complex. Science. 2006;311:1278–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang S, Dong H, Hou W, Jiang H, Huang Q, Briggs BR, et al. Greater temporal changes of sediment microbial community than its waterborne counterpart in Tengchong hot springs, Yunnan Province, China. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jiang J, Zhang C. Fundamentals and Applications of Lithium-ion Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Lovrek I, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, editors. Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 12th International Conference, KES 2008, Zagreb, Croatia, September 3-5, 2008, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Aucher G. Consistency Preservation and Crazy Formulas in BMS. In: Hölldobler S, Lutz C, Wansing H, editors. Logics in Artificial Intelligence: 11th European Conference, JELIA 2008, Dresden, Germany, September 28-October 1, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 21–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomarker Research.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Scientists Develop Compound That Can Deliver Drugs To Site Of Brain Injuries [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-develop-compound-that-can-deliver-drugs-to-site-of-brain-injuries/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Activities of the Research and Development Center - Thailand, Advanced Research Projects Agency. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Dec. Report No.: B-167324.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Boyer TH. Removal of natural organic matter by anion exchange: Multiscale experimentation and mathematical modeling [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. Celebrating Two Centuries of Thoreau. New York Times. 2017 Jan 13;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomarker Research
AbbreviationBiomark. Res.
ISSN (online)2050-7771
Scope

Other styles