How to format your references using the Journal for Nature Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for Nature Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snyder, S. H. (2006). Neuroscience. Adam finds an exciting mate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5794), 1744–1745.
A journal article with 2 authors
Funk, J. L., & Vitousek, P. M. (2007). Resource-use efficiency and plant invasion in low-resource systems. Nature, 446(7139), 1079–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Religa, T. L., Sprangers, R., & Kay, L. E. (2010). Dynamic regulation of archaeal proteasome gate opening as studied by TROSY NMR. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5974), 98–102.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, J., Li, N., Gao, F., Zhao, Y., Hou, L., & Xu, Z. (2014). Vertically-aligned BCN nanotube arrays with superior performance in electrochemical capacitors. Scientific Reports, 4, 6083.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn, G. J., & Doganaksoy, N. (2011). A Career in Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Reichl, P., Stiller, B., & Tuffin, B. (Eds.). (2009). Network Economics for Next Generation Networks: 6th International Workshop on Internet Charging and Qos Technologies, ICQT 2009, Aachen, Germany, May 11-15, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5539). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aloisio, G., Caffaro, M., & Epicoco, I. (2006). A Grid Software Process. In J. C. Cunha & O. F. Rana (Eds.), Grid Computing: Software Environments and Tools (pp. 75–98). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for Nature Conservation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 9). Trailer For New Stephen Hawking Biopic Will Make You Cry. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Vehicle Safety: Enhanced Project Management of New Information Technology Could Help Improve NHTSA’s Oversight of Safety Defects (GAO-16-312). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Batistick, S. A. (2015). Reclaiming One’s Gold: Imagining the Inner Child Through the Art of Therapeutic Fairy Tale Writing [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2013, April 3). Double Dose on Opening Day Warms the Soul. New York Times, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snyder, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Funk & Vitousek, 2007; Snyder, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Funk & Vitousek, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Religa et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for Nature Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Conserv.
ISSN (print)1617-1381
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles