How to format your references using the Journal for Labour Market Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for Labour Market Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dise, N.B.: Environmental science. Peatland response to global change. Science. 326, 810–811 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Janssen, M., Renn, J.: History: Einstein was no lone genius. Nature. 527, 298–300 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, A.K., Anderson, D.M., Overpeck, J.T.: Abrupt changes in the Asian southwest monsoon during the Holocene and their links to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature. 421, 354–357 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gregory, R.I., Yan, K.-P., Amuthan, G., Chendrimada, T., Doratotaj, B., Cooch, N., Shiekhattar, R.: The Microprocessor complex mediates the genesis of microRNAs. Nature. 432, 235–240 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pischella, M., Le Ruyet, D.: Digital Communications 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Brusis, M., Ahrens, J., Wessel, M.S. eds: Politics and Legitimacy in Post-Soviet Eurasia. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Kammer, J.A.: Ciliary Body as a Therapeutic Target. In: Samples, J.R. and Ahmed, I.I.K. (eds.) Surgical Innovations in Glaucoma. pp. 45–59. Springer, New York, NY (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for Labour Market Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Deciphering The Mysterious Decline Of Honey Bees,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Review of a Computer Hardware Acquisition for NOAA in Boulder, Colorado. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1981)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Altebarmakian, T.: Salt of the Skin, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G.: Bernie Wrightson, 68, a Comic Book Artist and Swamp Thing Creator, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dise 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dise 2009; Janssen and Renn 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Janssen and Renn 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gregory et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for Labour Market Research
AbbreviationJ. Labour Mark. Res.
ISSN (print)1614-3485
ISSN (online)1867-8343
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Industrial relations
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles