How to format your references using the Journal for Labour Market Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for Labour Market Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Azoulay, P.: Research efficiency: Turn the scientific method on ourselves. Nature. 484, 31–32 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Jansen, V.A.A., Stumpf, M.P.H.: Ecology. Making sense of evolution in an uncertain world. Science. 309, 2005–2007 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Tobler, P.N., Fiorillo, C.D., Schultz, W.: Adaptive coding of reward value by dopamine neurons. Science. 307, 1642–1645 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, H., Liu, C.-X., Gazibegovic, S., Xu, D., Logan, J.A., Wang, G., van Loo, N., Bommer, J.D.S., de Moor, M.W.A., Car, D., Op Het Veld, R.L.M., van Veldhoven, P.J., Koelling, S., Verheijen, M.A., Pendharkar, M., Pennachio, D.J., Shojaei, B., Lee, J.S., Palmstrøm, C.J., Bakkers, E.P.A.M., Sarma, S.D., Kouwenhoven, L.P.: Quantized Majorana conductance. Nature. 556, 74–79 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Worth, S.M.: The Association Guide to Going Global. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Sakai, Y., Vassilicos, C. eds: Fractal Flow Design: How to Design Bespoke Turbulence and Why. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Luo, G., Jin, H.M., Bin, L., Wang, H.-Y., Huang, X., Zhou, H., Zhu, L., Yang, J., Wang, Q., Xiang, X., Chen, N.: Abnormal Development of the Vagina. In: Zhu, L., Wong, F., and Lang, J. (eds.) Atlas of Surgical Correction of Female Genital Malformation. pp. 85–206. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for Labour Market Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: First Colour Images Of Ceres Revealed As Dawn Approaches,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Special Education: Additional Federal Actions Could Help Address Unique Challenges of Educating Children in Nursing Homes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borogovac, A.: Novel method for superior detection of functional changes in CBF using arterial spin labeling fMRI, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: John Leguizamo in Nutty Professor Mode, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Azoulay 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Azoulay 2012; Jansen and Stumpf 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jansen and Stumpf 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for Labour Market Research
AbbreviationJ. Labour Mark. Res.
ISSN (print)1614-3485
ISSN (online)1867-8343
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Industrial relations
Economics and Econometrics

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