How to format your references using the Journal for Labour Market Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for Labour Market Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schooler, J.W.: Metascience could rescue the “replication crisis.” Nature. 515, 9 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Chien, P., Weissman, J.S.: Conformational diversity in a yeast prion dictates its seeding specificity. Nature. 410, 223–227 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Oxborrow, M., Breeze, J.D., Alford, N.M.: Room-temperature solid-state maser. Nature. 488, 353–356 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Strogatz, S.H., Abrams, D.M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., Ott, E.: Theoretical mechanics: crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature. 438, 43–44 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanley, W., Pamela, B.: The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey (2017)
An edited book
Greiner, W.: Quantum Electrodynamics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Hardesty, D.L.: Historical Archaeology and the Environment: A North American Perspective. In: Gaimster, D. and Majewski, T. (eds.) International Handbook of Historical Archaeology. pp. 67–75. Springer, New York, NY (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for Labour Market Research.

Blog post
Fang, J.: How Mongoose Moms Protect Their Pups Before They’re Born,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Geographic Information System: Forest Service Has Resolved GAO Concerns About Its Proposed Nationwide System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts, M.: Use of Stay Interviews as a Retention Tool for Key Talent, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J.: More Than the Sum of Its Parts, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schooler 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chien and Weissman 2001; Schooler 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chien and Weissman 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Strogatz et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for Labour Market Research
AbbreviationJ. Labour Mark. Res.
ISSN (print)1614-3485
ISSN (online)1867-8343
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Industrial relations
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles