How to format your references using the Journal for Labour Market Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for Labour Market Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Thinking big. Nature. 428, 873 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Watson-Capps, J.J., Cech, T.R.: Academia and industry: Companies on campus. Nature. 514, 297–298 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Román-Leshkov, Y., Chheda, J.N., Dumesic, J.A.: Phase modifiers promote efficient production of hydroxymethylfurfural from fructose. Science. 312, 1933–1937 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roche, S., Bressanelli, S., Rey, F.A., Gaudin, Y.: Crystal structure of the low-pH form of the vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein G. Science. 313, 187–191 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taroni, F., Biedermann, A., Bozza, S., Garbolino, P., Aitken, C.: Bayesian Networks for Probabilistic Inference and Decision Analysis in Forensic Science. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2014)
An edited book
Mandea, M., Korte, M. eds: Geomagnetic Observations and Models. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Parati, G., Valentini, M., Mancia, G.: Psicofisiologia delle malattie cardiache. In: Parati, G. and Compare, A. (eds.) Mente e cuore: Clinica psicologica della malattia cardiaca. pp. 41–76. Springer, Milano (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for Labour Market Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Plague Victim Skeletons Reveal Secrets Of The Black Death


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Management Attention to Long-standing Concerns Needed to Improve Education’s Oversight of Grant Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barajas, D.: The marginalization of Zitkala-Ša and Wendy Rose, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Thames, Schooled In the Yankee Way, Plays His Role, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Watson-Capps and Cech 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watson-Capps and Cech 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Roche et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for Labour Market Research
AbbreviationJ. Labour Mark. Res.
ISSN (print)1614-3485
ISSN (online)1867-8343
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Industrial relations
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles